samedi 18 juillet 2015

L'opinion des Turkmènes et Arabes qui ont fui l'avancée des YPG

World | Fri Jul 17, 2015 6:12am BST
Related: World, Syria, Middle East
As Syrian Kurds advance against Islamic State, other ethnic groups flee

AKCAKALE, Turkey | By Humeyra Pamuk

Cemal Dede fled his home in a remote Turkmen village in Syria after warplanes from the U.S.-led coalition against Islamic State bombed the house next door. He had no idea he wouldn't be coming back.

Dede says the Kurdish YPG militia did not let his family of seven return to Dedeler near the Turkish border, telling him it was now Kurdish territory and Turkmens like him had no place there.

"When Islamic State was there, they persecuted people. Now there is YPG and they are no different," the 43-year old told Reuters in an impromptu settlement of refugee tents at a disused truck depot near Turkey's Akcakale border gate.

"We don't support any group, but still we are stripped of our right to live in our own land."

The Kurds, who have emerged as the U.S.-led coalition's most capable partner in Syria against Islamic State on the ground, strongly deny having forced people of other ethnic groups out of territory they have seized. They say those who left did so to escape fighting and are welcome to return with guarantees of their safety.

"When you come inside Tel Abyad, you'll see that the Arabs, Muslims, Turkmens, the Armenian people, all of them - they are living together," said Idris Nassan, an official in the Kurdish administration for the Kobani canton, which includes Tel Abyad.

"It is multi-cultural, multi-national, multi-sectarian. The protectors of this administration are the YPG, the People's Protection Units. That refers to all people. We are not just for the Kurdish people," he told Reuters by telephone.

But accusations that non-Kurds have been forced to flee, described as "ethnic cleansing" by neighbouring Turkey, have tarnished the Kurds' reputation
even as their success against Islamic State on the ground has raised their stature.

Backed by U.S. air strikes, the YPG and smaller Syrian rebel groups captured the border town of Tel Abyad from Islamic State on June 15, prompting more than 26,000 people to flee to Turkey.

With nearly half the length of Syria's border with Turkey now in Kurdish hands, Ankara fears the creation of an autonomous Kurdish region in northern Syria which could inflame separatist sentiment among its own Kurdish population. It accuses Kurdish fighters in Syria of links to the PKK militant group, which has waged an insurgency against the Turkish state for three decades.

Some Kurds say fear among refugees is being whipped up by Turks to discredit them.

“This is a psychological war waged against Kurds," said Dengir Mir Mehmet Firat, a member of the Turkish parliament from the pro-Kurdish opposition HDP.

"The (Turkish) government said that it doesn’t want the (Kurdish) cantons to be united, and when it happened they are now trying to create negative public opinion because they are angry. They’re playing a dangerous game by igniting nationalistic feelings."

Rami Abdulrahman, director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, a UK-based group that monitors the Syrian war with a network of sources on the ground, says there has been no evidence of systematic expulsion by Kurdish militias on the grounds of ethnicity, despite isolated cases.

But new father Yasin Saeed, who fled Suluk, a Syrian Arab village around 20 km (12 miles) east of Tel Abyad as Kurdish forces entered over a month ago, said he was afraid to return.

"If you are not a Kurd but an Arab who has been living under Islamic State rule, they automatically see you as someone who supports and aids the group," he said, sat in a tent, as his wife played with their 8-month-old daughter.


"THE BARRELS ARE POINTING AT US"

Tel Abyad had been held since January 2014 by Islamic State, the Sunni hardline group which has seized large parts of Syria and Iraq and declared a caliphate, and which proudly boasts of the extreme violence it metes out to its enemies.

Most of the refugees in the make-shift camp near Akcakale, established by the Turkish authorities, lived for more than a year under Islamic State rule. They have few good memories, although they say it was a period of relative stability.

Around 4,000 have returned, according to Turkish officials. The rest have either been placed in refugee camps around Turkey's southeast or have sought refuge with relatives, much like the 1.8 million other Syrian refugees Turkey is now sheltering.

Saeed said that unless the Kurdish militias left his home region, he had no plans to go back.

"The distrust between Kurds and Arabs has been there for years. But now they are at an advantage because they have guns and the barrels are pointing at us," Saeed said.


U.S. Defence Secretary Ash Carter said this month that Washington was supporting the Syrian Kurds because they were "capable of acting", although U.S. officials have also said they do not support a separate Kurdish entity in northern Syria.

"We are very clear in communicating our expectations to (the Syrian Kurds) about the behaviour they should be exercising in the areas where they have recently pushed Daesh (Islamic State) off the border," U.S. ambassador to Turkey John Bass told reporters this month, emphasising that displaced civilians must be allowed to return.

In Syria's multi-sided civil war, the Kurds have often avoided conflict with the government of President Bashar al-Assad, although the YPG says it does not cooperate with Damascus. Some Arabs and Turkmens suspect the Kurds of having a tacit agreement with Assad.

"They've been spared by Assad," said another refugee, Halil, 32, whose cousin was executed by Islamic State this year and who asked not to use his surname for security reasons. "Assad has carried out all sorts of atrocities against many groups, but hasn't touched the Kurds. Why?" he said, sipping tea and drawing on a cigarette.

"America, which never helped Syrian Arabs and didn't give us weapons to protect ourselves against Bashar (al-Assad), is now arming the Kurds. And they're using that against us."

(Additional reporting by Sylvia Westall in Beirut, Tulay Karadeniz and Gulsen Solaker in Ankara; Editing by Nick Tattersall and Peter Graff)
Source : http://uk.reuters.com/article/2015/07/17/uk-mideast-crisis-turkey-refugees-idUKKCN0PQ1WQ20150717

Voir également : Tell Abyad : après enquête, la Coalition nationale syrienne confirme que le PYD-YPG a commis de graves abus sur les civils arabes et turkmènes

Abus des YPG dans le nord de la Syrie : les témoignages et les craintes des Arabes et Turkmènes

Frontière turco-syrienne : les YPG empêchent des réfugiés syriens de retourner à Tell Abyad

Une quinzaine de groupes rebelles syriens accusent le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique à Tell Abyad
 
Les problèmes posés par le soutien d'Obama aux YPG en Syrie 

Selon un responsable de l'ASL, l'offensive de l'EI sur Azaz a pour but de favoriser l'expansion du PYD au détriment de la rébellion syrienne

En 2013, Salih Muslim (leader du PYD) annonçait son intention d'expulser les "colons" arabes

Syrie : le PYD-YPG a chassé des milliers de civils arabes en incendiant leurs maisons

La Coalition nationale syrienne condamne les crimes du PYD contre les populations arabes et kurdes à Hassakeh
 
Ras al-Ayn : le PYD-YPG provoque l'exode des populations arabes

Selon Siraj al-Din al-Hasakawi (activiste syrien), les YPG veulent modifier la carte démographique de la région d'Hassaka    

Le gouvernement intérimaire syrien condamne les exactions des YPG à Hassaka
 
Sham News Network confirme que les YPG ont incendié des villages arabes à Tall Hamis

Tall Hamis : les YPG pillent et incendient des villages arabes

Carnegie Endowment : "il existe des rapports sur des civils arabes fuyant l'avancée de l'YPG plus au Sud"
 
Syrie : le PKK-YPG tue des dizaines de civils à Hasaka
 
La Coalition nationale syrienne maintient que le PKK-YPG a commis un massacre de civils dans la région d'Hasaka
 
13 personnes d'une même famille tuées dans le village de Matiniya : un nouveau massacre de civils par le PKK-YPG ?

L'opposition syrienne (dont fait partie le Conseil national kurde) accuse le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique
 
Irak : diverses sources confirment l'existence d'exactions perpétrées par le PKK-YPG dans des villages arabes

Pour avoir écrit un article mettant en doute les performances et la moralité des YPG, une journaliste reçoit des menaces de viol et des insultes misogynes

"Sofia Barbarani ‏@SofiaBarbarani 16 juil.

More messages I received as a result of an article I wrote about the #YPG."

Source : https://twitter.com/SofiaBarbarani/status/621634967190138886

"Sofia Barbarani ‏@SofiaBarbarani 16 juil.

Continuous use of sexual violence."

Source : https://twitter.com/SofiaBarbarani/status/621634626210037760

"Sofia Barbarani ‏@SofiaBarbarani 16 juil.

This is just one of them 8/8"

Source : https://twitter.com/SofiaBarbarani/status/621633695095480322

"Sofia Barbarani ‏@SofiaBarbarani 16 juil.

More of the vile, misogynistic, sexually violent message I received for doing my job."

Source : https://twitter.com/SofiaBarbarani/status/621634248424886272

L'article en question : YPG : les désillusions des volontaires occidentaux (incompétence militaire et médicale, haine anti-arabe)

Voir également : PYD et féminisme : une opération de communication à usage externe

Syrie : la police politique du PYD disperse les manifestations de solidarité avec les Kurdes de Mahabad

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Le violeur kurde Selcuk Ozcan est membre du PKK

Turquie : la complaisance du HDP (parti nationaliste kurde) pour la polygamie

Le particularisme anthropologique kurde en Turquie (et ailleurs)

Allemagne : la triste vérité sur le meurtre atroce de Maria P.

Poids des traditions locales à Diyarbakir : une Kurde se fait tirer dessus parce qu'elle a chanté en public

Adıyaman : un père et un grand-père kurdes condamnés à la prison à vie pour avoir enterré vivante une jeune fille

Les femmes peshmerga : l'arbre qui cache la forêt

Kurdistan irakien : plus de 3.000 cas connus de femmes tuées par les violences domestiques ces 5 dernières années

Kurdistan irakien : plus de 6.000 cas de violences contre des femmes enregistrés cette année

Bonne nouvelle : la pratique de l'excision commencerait à décroître chez les Kurdes irakiens

La coutume barbare de l'excision chez les Kurdes de Suleimani (nord de l'Irak)

Le crime d'honneur : une pratique tribale ni turque, ni vraiment musulmane mais kurde

La lapidation chez les Kurdes yezidis (non-musulmans) du nord de l'Irak

Le PYD enlève de jeunes Kurdes à Hassaka

PYD Kidnaps Young Kurds in Hasaka
Kurdish main party in Rojava arrested several young Kurds under the pretext of forced recruitment


Basnews
views
17.07.2015  03:06

HASAKA – Militants of the Democratic Union Party (PYD) on Wednesday arrested several young Kurds under the pretext of forced recruitment.


The Kurdish news website Rojava News, reported that the security police of the PYD arrested 30 youths inside the city of Hasakah and took them to the centres of the Self Defence Forces.

This is not the first time that the PYD has kidnapped young Kurds under the pretext of military service.

On 14 July 2014, the PYD-administration in Hasakah province adopted the mandatory self-defence law making it compulsory for all men between the age of 18 and 30 to perform 6 months service in the military forces of the PYD. This law was also adopted in Efrin on 7 May.

Three members of the Self Defence Force died in the western countryside of Serikaniye, which was under attack by the militant Islamic State (IS), the PYD announced on 10 July.

On 20 June, the PYD forces raided several villages, and forcefully recruited 200 men, including two minors Muhammed Rasho (16), and Jiwan Khalo (17), violating the ban on child soldiers, the Kurdish NGO Kurdwatch reported.
Recently, the international NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) asked the PYD stop the recruitment of child soldiers, which is banned under international law.

However, HRW did not condemn the forceful recruitment of Kurdish youth by the PYD in Syria.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/17/pyd-kidnaps-young-kurds-in-hasaka/

Voir également : Ras al-Ayn : la police politique du PYD continue à enrôler de force des jeunes

Cyber cafés de Ras al-Ayn : le PYD enrôle de force des jeunes

Hassaka : le PYD continue à arrêter de jeunes hommes et de jeunes garçons pour l'enrôlement forcé

Recrutement forcé par le PYD : deux Kurdes syriens ont tenté de fuir au Kurdistan irakien

Syrie : le Conseil national kurde dénonce la "loi" sur la conscription dans la Djézireh

Déclaration de 125 personnalités kurdes condamnant l'enrôlement de mineurs par le PYD-YPG

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Amudah : nouvelle manifestation contre le recrutement de mineurs par les YPG, menaces des YPG contre la mère d'Hamrin Husain

Qamishli : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) attaque une manifestation contre l'enrôlement forcé dans les YPG

Ad-Darbasiyah : de jeunes hommes sont enrôlés de force par le PYD

Ad-Darbasiyah : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) abat un "conscrit" qui s'était évadé d'une prison

Syrie : le PKK-YPG "recrute" toujours des enfants soldats

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

La famille d'un politicien kurde kidnappé demande à Massoud Barzani de faire cesser les abus du PYD

Family Appeals to Barzani to Stop PYD Violations in Syria
the PYD arrested KDP-S member Falamaz Uthman on 7 July.


Basnews
views
15.07.2015  15:41

EFRIN – The family of a Kurdish politician kidnapped in Efrin have appealed to Iraqi Kurdish president Massoud Barzani to stop the violations of the Democratic Union Party (PYD).

The Democratic Party of Kurdistan – Syria (KDP-S) said that security forces affiliated to the PYD arrested KDP-S member Falamaz Uthman on 7 July.


“We appeal to President Massoud Barzani, to intervene to stop the violations,” said the brother of Falamaz in a letter published by the pro-KDP-S Rojavanews website, calling for the release of all prisoners.

“The PYD does not accept anyone attempting to compete with them intellectually or politically and are using a dictatorial approach,”
he said.

The brother of Falamaz said the PYD prevented him from visiting his brother and haven’t told him where his brother was located.

PYD-affiliated security forces have imprisoned and tortured several members of the KDP-S before, either without charge, or accusing them of bomb attacks.

On June 11th, 2015, PYD security forces released KDP-S members ʿAbdulhanan Habash, Ahmad Jamaluddin Saidu, and Mustafa Jamaluddin Saidu, who were arrested in May, in the village of Raju, reported the human rights NGO Kurdwatch.

Kurdwatch also said that on June 12th, the PYD Asayish detained two KDP-S members – Faysal Muhammed Naqib and Muhammed Husain – in the village of Dayr Ayyub, ten kilometers northeast of al‑ Qahtaniyah (Tirbesipî).

Ciwan Ibrahim, head of the security forces, has previously denied links to any party, despite the fact that his security forces only arrest supporters of the KDP-S, and not the PYD.

“We are frequently seen as being the same as the PYD, but we have absolutely no organic link with them,” he told the pro-PYD Firat News Agency in May 2014.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/15/family-appeals-to-barzani-to-stop-pyd-violations-in-syria/

Voir également : Afrin : la police politique du PYD a arrêté un cadre du PDK syrien

Afrin : la police politique du PYD arrête un homme politique kurde

Afrin : le PYD enlève et torture une adolescente, puis pousse sa famille à l'exil en Turquie

Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Hassakeh : le PYD arrête trois membres du PDK syrien et ferme le bureau de ce dernier

Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Syrie : le PYD-YPG enfreint l'interdiction d'utiliser des enfants soldats

15 juil 2015
Syrie : Les forces kurdes enfreignent l'interdiction d'utiliser des enfants soldats

En dépit des engagements pris, des enfants combattent toujours dans leurs rangs

(New York) – Le groupe armé kurde qui contrôle des territoires dans le nord de la Syrie ne respecte toujours pas l'engagement qu'il a pris de démobiliser les enfants soldats et de mettre un terme à l'utilisation des garçons et des filles de moins de 18 ans dans les combats, et ce, malgré certains progrès réalisés, a déclaré Human Rights Watch aujourd'hui.

Le 5 juin 2014, l'Unité de protection du peuple (Yekîneyên Parastina Gel,YPG) a signé un Acte d’engagement auprès de l'organisation non gouvernementale Appel de Genève, s'engageant à démobiliser tous les combattants de moins de 18 ans dans un délai d'un mois. Un mois plus tard, l’YPG a démobilisé 149 enfants. Malgré cette promesse et les premières avancées enregistrées, Human Rights Watch a, au cours de l'année écoulée, étudié le cas d'enfants de moins de 18 ans rejoignant et luttant avec d’une part l’YPG, et d’autre part l'Unité de protection des femmes (YPJ). Selon diverses sources d’information publiques, des enfants âgés de moins de 18 ans combattant aux côtés de ces forces auraient vraisemblablement trouvé la mort au combat en juin 2015.

« L’YPG s'est engagée à ne plus envoyer d'enfants faire la guerre et devrait respecter sa promesse », a déclaré Fred Abrahams, conseiller spécial auprès de Human Rights Watch. « Bien sûr, les forces kurdes combattent des groupes armés comme l’État islamique qui bafouent les lois de la guerre, mais ce n'est pas une raison pour tolérer des abus de la part de ses propres forces. » 
Les deux groupes kurdes – l’YPG et l’YGJ – ne sont pas les seuls contrevenants parmi les nombreux groupes armés en Syrie qui utilisent des enfant soldats, mais ils peuvent faire davantage pour faire cesser cette pratique, selon Human Rights Watch.

Sur la base d'informations fournies par des organisations locales et internationales, Human Rights Watch a établi une liste incluant 59 enfants, dont 10 de moins de 15 ans, présumés avoir été recrutés ou s'être portés volontaires pour rejoindre les forces de l’YPG ou de l’YPJ depuis juillet 2014. Human Rights Watch a confirmé l'existence de sept de ces cas en s'entretenant directement avec les familles de ces enfants. Dans certains cas, les groupes enrôlaient les enfants sans le consentement de leurs parents.

« Ma fille est allée à l'école d'où elle a été emmenée par un groupe de combattants de l’YPJ », a déclaré le père d'une jeune fille de 14 ans résidant près de Qamishli. « Nous ne savions pas ce qui lui était arrivé jusqu'à ce qu'un commandant nous appelle pour nous dire qu'elle avait rejoint l'unité YPJ. »

Human Rights Watch a envoyé un courrier daté du 10 juin 2015 aux forces YPG demandant une réponse à ces allégations. Dans sa réponse du 24 juin, le groupe a reconnu être confronté à des « défis de taille » pour mettre un terme à l'utilisation des enfants soldats en raison du conflit armé qui perdure. Il a admis l'existence de « cas particuliers » au cours de l'année passée.

La lettre stipulait que le 13 juin, l'unité YPG avait démobilisé 27 garçons et que le 20 avril, l'unité YPJ avait démobilisé 16 filles. En outre, sept responsables YPG auraient été sanctionnés pour avoir accepté des enfants-soldats, dont trois exclus de la force et quatre rétrogradés, bien que le groupe n'ait communiqué aucun nom ou date.

Le 5 juillet, les unités YPG et YPJ ont diffusé une circulaire à l'attention des commandants et responsables des centres de recrutement déclarant qu'ils ne devaient ni recruter ni accepter quiconque en dessous de 18 ans. Ceux qui ne s'y conformeront pas devront faire face à des « mesures disciplinaires maximales » précisait la circulaire.

Les réglementations internes de l'unité YPG, comme celles des forces policières kurdes — appelées Asayish — interdisent le recours à des enfants de moins de 18 ans.

Human Rights Watch a pris acte des conditions difficiles qui règnent en Syrie, le groupe extrémiste État islamique (également connu sous le sigle EI) commettant sans cesse des crimes de guerre dans des zones détenues par les Kurdes, notamment l'assassinat délibéré de plus de 200 hommes, femmes et enfants dans la ville de Kobané (`Ayn al-`Arab en arabe) le 25 juin dernier.

En septembre 2014, l'EI a mené une attaque de taille contre Kobani et s'est emparé de certaines parties de la ville. Les forces kurdes et des combattants de l'opposition syrienne, aidés par des frappes aériennes menées par les États-Unis, ont expulsé le groupe en janvier 2015.

Dans le même temps, l'unité YPG et son parti politique affilié, le Parti de l'union démocratique (Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat, PYD), qui gouverne les zones kurdes du nord, peuvent mieux remplir leurs obligations en vertu du droit international des droits humains lorsqu'elles sont en relation avec le conflit armé international et le droit international humanitaire, a affirmé Human Rights Watch. Cela inclut l'interdiction de recruter ou d'utiliser des enfants de moins de 18 ans au titre de combattants, d'éclaireurs ou de messagers ou encore aux postes de contrôle.

Un autre facteur de préoccupation concerne la création par le groupe kurde d'une « catégorie de non-combattants » pour les enfants âgés de 16 et 17 ans, sur la base d'une réserve formulée avec l’acte d'engagement de l'organisation Appel de Genève. Cette réserve établit que le groupe continuera à recruter et à accepter des enfants de 16 et 17 ans, mais qu'il ne leur fera pas exécuter de fonctions militaires.

L'unité YPG a écrit dans sa lettre adressée à Human Rights Watch qu'elle accepte des recrues dans cette catégorie et qu'elle les confine à des « centres » éloignés des lignes de front. Or, elle disait ne pas connaitre le nombre exact d'enfants dans ce groupe et ne précisait pas les tâches spécifiques qu'ils réalisent.

Human Rights Watch a exhorté les unités YPG et YPJ à cesser de recruter des enfants de 16 et 17 ans, même s'ils ne servent pas à des fins militaires. Le Protocole facultatif à la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant concernant l’implication d’enfants dans les conflits armés établit que les groupes armés non étatiques ne devraient pas recruter d'enfants de moins de 18 ans, pour quelque usage que ce soit.

En vertu du droit coutumier international humanitaire et du Statut de Rome de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI), les forces ou les groupes armés qui recrutent et enrôlent des enfants de moins de 15 ans ou qui s'en servent pour les faire participer activement aux hostilités se livrent à un crime de guerre. Dix des 59 enfants ayant présumément rejoint les unités YPG ou YPJ au cours de l'année écoulée avaient 15 ans, ou dans certains cas étaient encore plus jeunes.

Le récent rapport du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies sur les enfants dans les conflits armés, présenté le 5 juin dernier au Conseil de sécurité, a établi que le recrutement et l'utilisation d'enfants dans les combats en Syrie étaient devenus « banals ». Les Nations Unies ont vérifié le cas de 271 garçons et 7 filles qui avaient été recrutés et utilisés par des groupes affiliés, entre autres l'armée syrienne libre (142), les unités YPG et YPJ (24), l'EI (69) et le Front al-Nosra (25), mais il semblerait que les chiffres réels soient plus élevés. Certains groupes armés combattant aux côtés du gouvernement syrien, comme le Hezbollah et le Comité populaire, auraient recruté des enfants en petits nombres, a suggéré le rapport.
« Les groupes armés en Syrie font subir un préjudice direct aux enfants en leur donnant des armes et en les envoyant au combat », a conclu Fred Abrahams. « L’YPG a la possibilité de faire cesser cette pratique et de montrer qu'elle veut réellement tenir ses engagements en matière de droits humains. »
Source : https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2015/07/15/syrie-les-forces-kurdes-enfreignent-linterdiction-dutiliser-des-enfants-soldats

Voir également : Le PYD-YPG n'a pas respecté ses promesses : il continue à enrôler des enfants soldats

Ras al-Ayn : la police politique du PYD continue à enrôler de force des jeunes

Cyber cafés de Ras al-Ayn : le PYD enrôle de force des jeunes

Hassaka : le PYD continue à arrêter de jeunes hommes et de jeunes garçons pour l'enrôlement forcé

Recrutement forcé par le PYD : deux Kurdes syriens ont tenté de fuir au Kurdistan irakien

Syrie : le Conseil national kurde dénonce la "loi" sur la conscription dans la Djézireh

Déclaration de 125 personnalités kurdes condamnant l'enrôlement de mineurs par le PYD-YPG

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Amudah : nouvelle manifestation contre le recrutement de mineurs par les YPG, menaces des YPG contre la mère d'Hamrin Husain

Qamishli : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) attaque une manifestation contre l'enrôlement forcé dans les YPG

Ad-Darbasiyah : de jeunes hommes sont enrôlés de force par le PYD

Ad-Darbasiyah : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) abat un "conscrit" qui s'était évadé d'une prison

Syrie : le PKK-YPG "recrute" toujours des enfants soldats

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Lutte contre l'EI : la Turquie a entraîné plus de 1.600 peshmerga irakiens

Ankara to Continue Train Iraqi Forces
Turkey Has Already Trained 1600 Peshmerga fighters


Basnews
views
15.07.2015  13:17

ANKARA – The Turkish foreign minister says his country will continue to provide military assistance to back Iraq’s fight against Islamic State.

At a joint news conference with visiting Iraqi Foreign Minister Ibrahim al-Jaafari on Tuesday, Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu also said Turkey would meet an Iraqi request to train its police force.

The Turkish minister said, however, that Iraq’s army was in need of restructuring.

Cavusoglu said Turkey had trained more than 1,600 Kurdish Peshmerga fighters as well as more than 1,500 guards in Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city, which have been under the control IS insurgents since June last year.

“We have always stood by Iraq and its people in the fight against ISIS and will continue to do so,” Cavusoglu said.


Turkey has pledged to train the Iraqi police force at a venue located in Turkish territory, but also called on Baghdad to restructure its army to more effectively.


“Our expectation is for the Iraqi army to be restructured so that it will be able to maintain the security of the country. Shia militias and other groups that are conducting this struggle against IS are not efficient enough,” he said.

“We will conduct the training of Iraqi police in Turkey,” added Cavusoglu.

Turkish Foreign Minister also revealed that some 200,000 Iraqis are currently hosted in Turkey, while 40,000 are being sheltered in three Turkish camps on Iraqi soil.

Al-Jaafari, for his part, renewed Baghdad’s pledge to enhance existing cooperation with Turkey, including in the fight against IS Jihadist.

He was visiting Turkey along with the Iraqi minister for water affairs, who met with his Turkish counterpart to discuss the transnational water resources issue, which has been in stalemate for years after a trilateral mechanism between Turkey, Syria.

Agriculture in Iraq has been negatively influenced due to lack of water, al-Jaafari said, adding that positive steps were being taken on the issue.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/15/ankara-to-continue-train-iraqi-forces/

Voir également : La Turquie d'Erdogan livre 15 pickups aux peshmerga irakiens

La Turquie a l'intention de poursuivre l'entraînement des peshmerga et de l'étendre à l'armée irakienne et à des forces arabo-sunnites anti-EI

La Turquie d'Erdogan est prête à contribuer à une opération de reconquête de Mossoul

Visite officielle d'Haidar al-Abadi en Turquie : Ahmet Davutoğlu a rappelé que la Turquie entraînait déjà les peshmerga et a promis davantage

La Turquie d'Erdogan continue à apporter une aide militaire aux peshmerga irakiens

Les forces armées turques entraînent 230 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak

L'armée turque entraîne les peshmerga kurdes irakiens

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

L'Iran encouragerait l'UPK et le parti Gorran à créer une région autonome à Souleimaniye

Iran “Encourages PUK and Gorran to Separate Sulaimani from KRG”
Kurdish internal conflicts causes tensions among KRG parties


Basnews  |  Karzan Sabah Hawrami
views
14.07.2015  14:40

SULAIMANI – A Kurdish academic has warned that some parties may be plotting to separate Sulaimani province from the Kurdistan Region.


Kaiwan Azad told BasNews that internal conflict between Kurdish political parties have led some of them to consider such an action. “Splitting the Kurdistan Region in any way would be a national betrayal,” he said.


Head of Sulaymaniyah Provincial Council Haval Abubakr who is from Change [Gorran] Movement recently said that the perceived lack of services in the province are encouraging people to discuss the idea of an autonomous region in Sulaimani.

Azad pointed out that the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and Gorran (Change Movement) believe that the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) neglects Sulaimani in favour of the Erbil and Dohuk provinces.

“The parties complain about service shortages such as gas, electricity and water in the province.”

Azad rejected the idea of establishing cantons such as those created in Syrian Kurdistan, saying that the administrative system does not fit Iraqi Kurdistan.

He stressed that the Kurdistan Region is not an independent country and internal conflict could allow neighbouring countries, especially Iran and Turkey, to intervene in its affairs.

“The PUK and Gorran are in the same position with Iran and are said to be considering the creation of an autonomous region in Sulaimani to compete with the KDP,” Azad said.


BasNews approached both the PUK and Gorran for a quote, but has so far received no response.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/14/iran-encourages-puk-and-gorran-to-separate-sulaimani-from-krg/

Voir également : Souleimaniye (Irak) : blackout des médias (proches de l'UPK) sur le mouvement de protestation de Mahabad (Iran)

Soulaimaniyeh : accord sous influence iranienne entre les partis UPK et Gorran

Jordi Tejel : "Le futur incertain du Kurdistan irakien"

L'indépendance du Kurdistan irakien demeure un "rêve" lointain

Kurdistan irakien : la communauté turkmène réclame davantage de droits

Kurdistan
Kurdistan Region’s Turkmen demand greater constitutional rights
By RUDAW 13/7/2015

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The Kurdistan Region’s Turkmen minority must be represented in the constitution and the flag, the head of the Turkmen bloc in the regional parliament said.

“The Turkmen groups have agreed on the necessity of inscribing their rights in the constitution as a different ethnicity,”
Aydin Maruf said.

“We demand that the Turkmen language be mentioned as an official language in the constitution,”
he added. “We also want to be represented in the flag and the anthem,” he added.

The Turkmens have five seats in the Kurdish parliament, in accordance with the autonomous region’s own constitution.
The Turkmen bloc is a partner in the current Kurdish cabinet, with the justice ministry under its control.
Source : http://rudaw.net/NewsDetails.aspx?pageid=143686

Voir également : La question des droits des minorités dans la région kurde d'Irak

Robin Beaumont : "une politique de kurdification particulièrement autoritaire [dans le nord de l'Irak]"

Manifestation d'opposants assyriens et turkmènes à Erbil

Les réfugiés turkmènes dans le Kurdistan irakien : "Nous ne voulons pas rester dans la région kurde parce que nous ne sommes pas bien traités par les Kurdes"

Massoud Barzani ne veut pas de force militaire yézidie indépendante, ni de drapeau yézidi

Nord de l'Irak : d'après des témoignages, les peshmerga empêchent les déplacés arabes de revenir dans les territoires disputés et pillent les maisons des Assyro-Chaldéens

Nord de l'Irak : les visées territoriales des peshmerga suscitent la colère des Arabes sunnites

Barzan/Barzanke : les nationalistes kurdes craignent que les lourds soupçons de crimes de guerre n'entachent leur image

Barzan (Irak) : un Kurde de nationalité néerlandaise admet en off que les peshmerga ont procédé à des exécutions systématiques de prisonniers de guerre

Université de Kirkouk : tensions entre Kurdes et Arabes à l'occasion de la "journée du drapeau du Kurdistan"

Un peshmerga dans la ville de Makhmour : "Nous les tuerons [les Arabes] dès que les caméras ne seront plus là"

Diyala : des tribus arabes sunnites se retournent contre l'Etat islamique... et contre les peshmerga

Donatella Rovera (Amnesty International) : "Les Arabes ne sont plus autorisés à entrer dans les régions kurdes [d'Irak]"

Kirkouk : grave insécurité et vide administratif

Kirkouk : les déplacés arabes se plaignent de mauvais traitements de la part des Kurdes

Selon Matthew Barber, les peshmerga ont réprimé une manifestation de Yézidis dans le camp de Dohouk

Les chrétiens d'Irak : "Les Kurdes ne nous ont pas protégés, le gouvernement irakien ne nous a pas protégés"

Le problème kurde : le nettoyage ethnique dans le "Kurdistan" irakien

Irak : la persécution des Assyro-Chaldéens par les Kurdes

Irak : un médecin kurde d'Erbil a rejoint l'EI

Erbil Doctor Joins Islamic StateKRG Health Ministry denies reports the man is a doctor

Basnews  |  Hoshmand Sadiq
views
13.07.2015  15:34

ERBIL – A Kurdish man thought to be a doctor from Iraqi Kurdistan Region capital Erbil has joined Islamic State (IS) in northern Iraq.

According to information obtained by BasNews, the man is Muhsin Gli, a doctor who worked in East Erbil emergency hospital.

The man disappeared a year ago and was subsequently sacked by the Kurdistan Region health ministry. On Sunday a number of pro-Islamic State social media pages posted a picture of Kurdish mullah known as Mullah Shwan who joined IS earlier this year with another man who they claim to be Gli.

BasNews understands that Gli and his family left for Mosul a year ago, and still lives in the city, which has been under the control of IS since June 2014.


However, KRG health ministry spokesman Khalis Qader says that Gli isn’t doctor.

“We have never employed this man as some reports claim, saying he was a doctor in Erbil emergency hospital,” said Qader.

Since the start of Syrian conflict in 2011 and the IS war in Iraq in 2014, scores of Iraqi Kurds have joined the jihadist group.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/13/erbil-doctor-joins-islamic-state/

Voir également : Des mosquées d'Erbil à l'EI : parcours de Kurdes radicalisés

Plus de 250 Kurdes de la région kurde d'Irak sont morts au combat dans les rangs de l'EI

Au total, 500 Kurdes du Kurdistan irakien ont rejoint l'EI, dont trois mollah employés par l'administration kurde

Wassim Nasr : "on trouve même des Kurdes, notamment dans la ville d’Halabja, qui rejoignent les rangs des djihadistes de l’Etat islamique"

Les Kurdes et l'EIIL

Islamisme et vocations djihadistes chez les Kurdes

Norvège : le mollah kurde Krekar fait l'apologie de l'EI

Le Kurde de l'EI qui a décapité un peshmerga a été identifié : il appartient à la tribu des Zebari

Décapitation d'un peshmerga par l'EI : l'histoire du djihadiste kurde Mouafak et de ses deux frères

L'ancien gardien de but (kurde) du club d'Halabja est mort dans les rangs de l'EI

"Génocide" des Kurdes ? Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (un Kurde d'Halabja) commande l'offensive de l'EI sur Kobanê

Le frère du commandant Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (EI) était lui aussi djihadiste

Kobanê : des Kurdes (irakiens et syriens) apportent une aide cruciale à l'EI

Turquie : le PKK-KCK menace de s'en prendre aux barrages

PKK announces end of cease-fire, mobilizes guerillas
DAILY SABAH
ISTANBUL
Published July 12, 2015

The Kurdish Communities Union (KCK), an umbrella network that includes the PKK, announced on Saturday that the cease-fire which was declared via a message from the PKK's imprisoned leader Abdullah Öcalan in 2013 has ended, dealing a huge blow to the protracted reconciliation process that was expected to speed up with the Peoples' Democratic Party's (HDP) entrance into Parliament.

In a blistering statement, the KCK administration accused the government of engaging in deeds "that could lead to conflicts" and failing to hold on to the cease-fire deal.


"The decision to mobilize all sources including the guerilla forces has been taken to halt the construction of all dams," the statement read. The KCK has also expressed unease regarding the construction of roads and outposts, perceiving their construction as Ankara's attempt to strengthen its hand in case of a conflict and announced the attempts will be reciprocated by the militants.

"As of now, all the dams and the machines used in the construction of the dams will be the target of our guerilla forces," the statement further read.

Ankara and the HDP have been pursuing a reconciliation process to end the decades-long conflict between the state and the PKK since 2013, but the process has seen serious setbacks prior to the June elections with friction emerging between the mediator HDP and Ankara. The party, which built its election campaign on messages that promised to push forward the stalled peace efforts, failed to abide by its vows once it secured its place in Parliament.

The HDP passed the election hurdle after receiving 13 percent of the votes in the June elections via the support of democrats and liberals, but it was unable to fulfill its assurance of a settlement between the state and the PKK. The blatant intimidation against the government by the KCK has come at a time while expectant HDP voters are waiting for a disarmament announcement.

The KCK accused the government of "exploiting the conditions of a cease-fire by constructing outposts and roads with military purposes, cultural massacre and dams" and claimed in the statement that Ankara was making preparations for a "new war." It called on the workers and contractors to urgently vacate the construction site of the dams, in an apparent bid to intimidate the government.

After claiming that every militant arrest will be countered by the PKK, the KCK further said, "Turkey and Kurdistan should know that our guerilla force will use its right to resist against the construction of the dams and outposts. Our liberty movement will reveal its stance against the policies that leave our Kurdish problem without a solution."

Sources also indicate that the PKK has also been sending threatening letters to the administration of the construction firms that carry out the dam projects. A letter sent to an Ankara-based construction firm dated June 14, 2015 reportedly reads, " You will not choose the subcontractors. We will allow it if you work with firms we choose. If you work with firms close to you, you become a target." The letter was later submitted to the police department.

Some analysts also interpret the KCK's statement as a manifestation of their desire to nix the reconciliation process especially after Ankara revealed its stance against the establishment of a Kurdish state near its border.

The PKK administration, headquartered in the Qandil Mountains, had also previously delivered veiled threats against the government but the latest in a series of these remarks was the harshest among all that indicated an end to the cease-fire.

Meanwhile, two groups of the PKK, consisting roughly of 50 militants, intercepted the Gürbulak and Iğdır roads on Saturday, opening fire on trucks and throwing Molotov cocktails. During the attacks, three trucks were burned down and one Iranian was injured. On Sunday, PKK militants clashed with gendarmerie forces after they seized a vehicle belonging to the municipality of Göle in the province of Ardahan. One person died and two others were injured after the terrorists opened fire on a bus at the scene of the clashes.

Ankara has been pushing the PKK to lay down its arms as part of the reconciliation process but the resistance of the militants to abandon weapons has crippled the process, which is currently on ice.

Turkey truly believed a new page was opened when Öcalan called on the PKK to convene to lay down arms in his annual Nevruz message before the elections, but there has been no attempt or an announcement for the act so far. The HDP, on the campaign trail, adopted peaceful rhetoric in a bid to muster support from circles other than its Kurdish base, but since the elections, instead of HDP officials, the PKK has been more vocal in politics, delivering regular comments and suggestions regarding the HDP. The HDP, stuck in limbo between the PKK and the democrat leftist voters, has been inconsistent in its policies and stance following the elections.

It has also been under pressure to tell the PKK to lay down its arms, but the PKK later released a statement saying it is not up to the HDP or Öcalan to make the call and that it is up to them to make the decision. In saying so, the PKK has undermined the influence of Öcalan, whose call for disarmament was ignored.

The conflict between the government and the PKK, considered a terrorist group by Turkey as well as the U.S. and EU, has been ongoing since 1984 and has resulted in some 40,000 to 100,000 casualties as well as major economic losses for Turkey. The PKK, which aimed to establish an independent Kurdistan in southeastern Turkey, has been headquartered in northern Iraq's Qandil Mountains since withdrawing from Turkey.
Source : http://www.dailysabah.com/politics/2015/07/12/pkk-announces-end-of-cease-fire-mobilizes-guerillas

Turkey Vows to Continue on With Construction in Kurdish Region
PKK threatened to attack Turkish government projects in Kurdish areas


Basnews
views
14.07.2015  13:04

ANKARA — The Turkish Prime Minister has vowed to press ahead with the construction of dams and roads in the country’s mainly Kurdish southeast, saying Turkey would not bow to Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) threats.

Last week the PKK threatened to resume attacks, accusing Turkey of “preparing for war” by continuing to build military outposts, roads they claim will be used by the military and dams.

They warned the constructions were a violation of a two-year old ceasefire brokered as part of Turkey’s fragile peace process with the Kurdish rebels.

“Governments build roads and dams. They don’t back down through threats,” Turkey’s PM Ahmet Davutoglu said on Monday.


He accused the Kurdish rebels of reneging on a pledge to withdraw armed fighters from Turkish territory.

The PKK have fought a three-decade long bloody battle for autonomy.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/14/turkey-vows-to-continue-on-with-construction-in-kurdish-region/

Voir également : Turquie : le PKK sabote un important projet de construction dans le Sud-Est

Izmir : un homme (soupçonné d'appartenir au PKK) a été intercepté par la police turque alors qu'il transportait 14 kilos d'explosifs

Malazgirt (Turquie) : deux personnes enlevées par le PKK

Mardin : 8 mineurs du PKK se sont rendus aux autorités

Turquie : nouveaux enlèvements d'enfants par le PKK

Sud-Est de la Turquie : des familles réclament le retour de leurs enfants kidnappés par le PKK

Turquie : des sympathisants du PKK attaquent au cocktail Molotov des écoles

Turquie : des familles kurdes endeuillées par la faute des suppôts du PKK

Turquie : libération de trois travailleurs chinois kidnappés par le PKK en août dernier

Pourquoi le PKK est une organisation criminelle et terroriste : actes terroristes indiscriminés, attentats-suicides, kidnappings, trafic de drogue, trafic d'êtres humains, extorsions de fonds, blanchiment d'argent

Qui sont les victimes du PKK ?

samedi 11 juillet 2015

Les Turkmènes syriens ont décidé de former une armée unifiée pour combattre l'EI et le PYD

NOW
Published: 7/07/2015 10:56 AM     |     Updated: 8/07/2015 03:45 PM

Syria Turkmen move to
form anti-Kurd army
The decision to form the council comes after calls emerged from Turkmen military formations to fight both ISIS and the Kurdish PYD.


BEIRUT – Syrian Turkmen military and political officials, who are close to Turkey, have been moving to form a unified army in northern Syria capable of confronting the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG), which Ankara views as a terror group.

“Turkmen fighting groups in Syria have taken the decision to offer greater support to each other and work to create a Turkmen army if conditions permit,” Syrian Turkmen Assembly chief Abdel Rahman Mustafa told Turkish Anadolu news on Monday.


The Turkmen official’s comments came as the Syrian Turkmen Assembly held a meeting in southern Turkey’s Gaziantep that brought together Turkmen representatives from Aleppo, Tal Abyad, Jarabulus, Latakia, Idlib, Raqqa and the Golan.


Alaraby Aljadeed reported that the Turkmen military and civilian officials in the meeting decided to form a military council which reports to the Syrian Turkmen Assembly, a pro-opposition group with ties to the Turkish government.

The decision to form the council comes after calls emerged from Turkmen military formations to fight both ISIS and the Kurdish Democratic Union Party that controls the YPG,
the London-based daily added.

Syrian Turkmen have already armed themselves in a series of brigades throughout Syria that are loosely affiliated with each other and count on about 10,000 armed men in total, with the largest fighting units operating in the Aleppo province.


Turkey’s security institutions maintain close links with the Turkmen units in Syria, providing special forces training to the brigades, which are affiliated with the Free Syrian Army and have taken part in operations in Aleppo, Idlib and outside Latakia.

Confronting Kurds

The Turkmen National Assembly chief stressed the formation of a Turkmen army would confront what he describes as the “danger of the YPG and the acts of sectarian cleansing it is carrying out, beginning with the expulsion of 200 Turkmen settlements in [the] Tel Abyad [area].”


Both Turkish and Turkmen officials have accused YPG forces of forcibly displacing Turkmen in northern Syria because of their ethnicity amid the Kurdish troops’ advances against ISIS.

On June 15, Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu accused the YPG of “seizing certain regions and forcing people living there to migrate,” in reference to the Kurdish advance into Tel Abyad—a mixed Arab, Kurdish and Turkmen border town previously held by ISIS.

Meanwhile, a top figure in the Iraqi Turkmen Front told Turkish Hurriyet newspaper on June 19 that the PYD was forcing Turkmen out of their homes as “a part of a project to found a Kurdish state in the region.”


The YPG flatly denied ethnic cleansing accusations, with its official spokesperson Redur Xelil assuring Tal Abyad residents: “you are our people and you will return to your towns, villages and properties.”

However, the Turkmen National Assembly leader warned that the YPG “is threatening to head west towards Jarablus and Aazaz where there is also [a] Turkmen [population].”


“For a thousand years, we have ruled our areas, but now, certain nationalistic military formations are trying to take our lands by force,” Mustafa claimed.


“If we do not move we will find ourselves [unable] to return to our houses and our territory. We will stay [that way]: without a homeland.”


His comments come amid growing reports in the Turkish press that the country is preparing a ground incursion to create a buffer zone stretching from north of Aleppo to west of Kobane in territory currently held by ISIS in a bid to stop Kurdish forces from stretching further westward in northern Syria.

Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) forces backed by international coalition airstrikes have made stunning advances against ISIS, rolling back the extremist group in northeastern Syria and linking two of their de-facto autonomous cantons in mid-June after the seizure of Tel Abyad.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on June 26 warned that his country “will never allow” the establishment of a Kurdish state along its border, setting the stage for the reports that Turkey’s ground incursion would aim to preempt any further Kurdish advances against ISIS along the border.
Source : https://now.mmedia.me/lb/en/NewsReports/565547-syria-turkmen-move-to-form-anti-kurd-army

Voir également : Tell Abyad : après enquête, la Coalition nationale syrienne confirme que le PYD-YPG a commis de graves abus sur les civils arabes et turkmènes
  
Abus des YPG dans le nord de la Syrie : les témoignages et les craintes des Arabes et Turkmènes

Frontière turco-syrienne : les YPG empêchent des réfugiés syriens de retourner à Tell Abyad

Une quinzaine de groupes rebelles syriens accusent le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique à Tell Abyad

Selon un responsable de l'ASL, l'offensive de l'EI sur Azaz a pour but de favoriser l'expansion du PYD au détriment de la rébellion syrienne

Espagne : deux communistes espagnols arrêtés pour avoir rejoint les YPG

Two Spanish communists arrested for fighting with Kurds
Two members of the Partido Marista-Leninista were arrested in Madrid


Basnews
views
08.07.2015  16:03

MADRID – On Tuesday, two members of the Partido Marista-Leninista (Reconstrucción Comunista) were arrested in Madrid in Spain for fighting against Islamic State (IS) in Syria reports the Spanish daily El Pais.

They were arrested after returning to Spain from Syria and the police said the two appeared in a video in which they talk about fighting a revolutionary war with the Kurds against the ‘fascist Islamic state’.

One of the Spaniards was identified as Paco Arcadio.

In a public statement, the group asked for international support and solidarity.

“This morning, the repressive forces of the Spanish state are carrying out the arrest of the comrades who have been fighting the fascist forces of DAESH [IS] in Rojava [Syrian Kurdistan],” the group said.

The group said that the police accuse the two of participating in an armed conflict outside Spain without the permission of the State, and of collaborating with a terrorist organisation, most likely referring the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).

The group is known to be close to the Turkish Marxist Leninist Komunist Partisi (MLKP) in Turkey, that actively cooperates with the Syrian Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in Syria as part of the International Brigade modeled after the leftist groups that fought in the Spanish civil war in the 1930s.

“We want the Spanish members of the international brigade who have fought IS to be released without charge. Defending the civil population from IS terrorist attacks can’t be prosecuted,” the group said.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/08/two-spanish-communists-arrested-for-fighting-with-kurds/

Voir également : Hassaka : une stalinienne afro-allemande est morte dans les rangs des YPG

L'Allemagne s'inquiète du fait que certains de ses ressortissants rejoignent les terroristes du PKK

Allemagne : un homme condamné à 6 ans de prison pour son rôle dans le financement du PKK

Terrorisme : l'Etat allemand continue de sévir contre le PKK

Allemagne : une députée de Die Linke (parti issu de l'ex-SED est-allemand) voit son immunité parlementaire levée pour avoir soutenu les terroristes du PKK

Les autorités britanniques arrêtent une Kurde en raison de ses liens avec l'organisation terroriste du PKK

Le gouvernement néerlandais refuse d'armer les YPG, en raison de leur affiliation au PKK

PKK : les implications théoriques de la loi Cazeneuve

Terrorisme : Metin Karasular (un trafiquant de drogue et d'armes proche du PKK) avoue avoir été en contact avec Amedy Coulibaly

France : dix Kurdes de nationalité turque condamnés pour financement du PKK

Barbarie antisémite à Jérusalem : un attentat revendiqué par le FPLP communiste, allié d'Assad et du PKK-PYD-YPG

Afrin : la police politique du PYD a arrêté un cadre du PDK syrien

Syrian Kurdish Politician Kidnapped by PYD Force
KDP-S member Velmiz Osman was taken at his home


Basnews
views
09.07.2015  15:47

AFRIN – The Democratic Party of Kurdistan – Syria (KDP-S) said on Wednesday that security forces affiliated to the Democratic Union Party (PYD) kidnapped one of their leading members in Afrin on Tuesday, reported Welati.

KDP-S member Velmiz Osman was arrested at his home, and the security police of the PYD (known as Asayis in Kurdish) searched his house on Tuesday evening.


The KDP-S strongly condemned the arrest and demanded his immediate release.
“We hold these security forces responsible for the safety of our comrade, although it’s the third time he was arrested by these forces,” the KDP-S in Afrin said

Moreover, the party called on all human rights organisations and Kurdish forces to pressure the PYD to release the KDP-S member, as well as Ahmed Seydou, Idriss Alo, and Ahmed Cino.

So far, the PYD has not released a statement, but the Asayis have previously arrested KDP-S members.

The KDP-S is the Syrian branch of the KDP in Iraqi Kurdistan, and is led Saud Mela, and was the first Syrian Kurdish nationalist party to be created, in1957.
Source : http://www.basnews.com/en/news/2015/07/09/syrian-kurdish-politician-kidnapped-by-pyd-force/

Voir également : Afrin : la police politique du PYD arrête un homme politique kurde

Afrin : le PYD enlève et torture une adolescente, puis pousse sa famille à l'exil en Turquie

Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Hassakeh : le PYD arrête trois membres du PDK syrien et ferme le bureau de ce dernier

Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Le régime d'Assad recrute des Kurdes pour réaliser des assassinats et des attentats en Turquie

Syria is recruiting Kurds to carry out assassinations and attacks inside Turkey

    Saturday, 04 July 2015 15:13

Arabi21 has obtained two documents that expose the role of the Syrian regime in supporting Kurdish forces hostile to Turkey for them to carry out terrorist attacks, including political assassinations, in Ankara and Istanbul. The documents are behind the wide-scale military operation Turkey intends to undertake in Northern Syria, according to the source who supplied them.

The documents indicate that senior Syrian officials have agreed to provide support and funding for Kurdish forces to embark on attacks that result in "discomfort for the Turkish enemy". One letter stresses that, "Turkey will witness plenty of disturbances in the coming days by virtue of the preparations made for this purpose."

The disclosure comes only three days after reports suggesting that the Turkish army has sent reinforcements to the Province of Killis as well as troops to the border town of El Baili. The Turks also set up checkpoints along the roads linking border towns. In the meantime, Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu said that his country will not allow anybody to impose the status quo and will not remain silent about any attempt to amend the political or demographic map of the region. Hours later, Ibrahim Kalin, an advisor to Turkey's president, said that no terrorist organisation will be allowed to establish a presence along the southern borders of the country.

The first of the two documents is a secret message sent by to a departmental head within Syrian intelligence informing him that the minister of defence and General Ali Mamluk visited Al-Qamishli on 17 June where they met with senior leaders of the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK); they also met a delegation sent by Masud Al-Barazani headed by his own son Masrur and made up of senior officials from the political forces within Iraqi Kurdistan. All the parties agreed to cooperate completely and absolutely in order to deploy elements from the Iranian Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah in Al-Malikyah, which is part of Al-Qamishly, prior to mobilising them towards Tal Abyad and then all the way to Aleppo; and open supply routes for them and enable them to seize full control of the said areas.

The message also says that, "The Minister of Defence, Brigadier Fahd Jassem Al-Fraij, approved all the demands of the PKK and consented to expanding their hegemony over the Province of Al-Hasakah. He promised them full support and absolute autonomy. He also promised the Al-Barazani delegation support deep within the Turkish territories in Kurdish and Kurdish Alawite towns."

It adds that Minister Al-Fraij ordered the Kurds to support Shia cells within Al-Riqqah in order to strike ISIS. The minister also gave permission to the Peshmerga to come in under the banner of the PKK with full allegiance to the Syrian leadership and never allow the "Turkish enemy" to have comfort, promising that the coming days will witness "many disturbances in Turkey".

The second secret document obtained by Arabi 21 bears the reference number 15721/85. It is a letter from Branch 330 to the Director of the Department of General Intelligence. The letter states: "Following reconnaissance by the internal source number 43, the source monitored the arrival of 17 elements belonging to the Revolutionary Popular Liberation Front Party that is opposed to the Turkish enemy. These have been admitted to Syria via the Kurdish People Protection Units in order to train them on the bombing, assassination and kidnapping operations to be launched against prominent and influential Turkish personalities deep inside the Turkish enemy's territories / Ankara – Istanbul /. They are still in the training camps of the Kurdish Protection Units. They move between the village of Tal Maarouf and the town of Al-Qahtaniyah. Their training lasts thirty days after which they are returned to their country in order to function within the very heart of the Turkish enemy. For your attention and guidance."

The second letter makes it very clear that the Syrian regime has indeed started training Kurdish elements to carry out terrorist operations within Turkey, including kidnappings and assassinations.
This would explain, to a large extent, the massive military reinforcements deployed by Turkey along the border with Syria.
Source : https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/europe/19644-syria-is-recruiting-kurds-to-carry-out-assassinations-and-attacks-inside-turkey

Voir également : D'après des documents publiés par Wikileaks, l'Iran a encouragé le régime d'Assad à s'allier au PKK contre la Turquie

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Le Pentagone demande au PYD-YPG de permettre le retour des réfugiés à Tell Abyad

US urges Kurdish rebels to allow refugees to return to Tal Abiad
9.7.2015 00:00:00

Pentagon says Kurdish rebels should keep their pledges and facilitate return of refugees


The Pentagon on Wednesday urged Kurdish rebels to fulfill their pledges to hand over the administration of northern Syrian cities they captured from Daesh to local committees and facilitate the return of refugees.


Thanks to intense U.S.-led coalition airstrikes, the Kurdish rebel group – Democratic Union Party’s (PYD) military wing, People Protection Units also known as YPG – recently managed to take control of the key town of Tal Abiad bordering Turkey, as well as several other villages around al-Hassakah province. 

The YPG's victory against the Daesh militant group in northeastern Syria where they pushed militants back to the outskirts of their self-declared capital of al-Raqqah was overshadowed by Kurdish fighters allegedly forcing Arabs to flee Tal Abiad during the offensive in June.


"We treat any allegations very seriously and have made clear to all actors that such behavior is unacceptable," Pentagon spokesman Elissa Smith told Anadolu Agency in an interview.

Smith welcomed the PYD's decision to allow the return of Tel Abiad residents who fled, as well as its pledge that it would leave the administration of the town to civilian committees.

"[We] urge these groups to fulfill those public pledges, and will continue to encourage all forces in Tal Abiad to help set conditions for the return of refugees," she added.


She also suggested that the liberated areas should be administered inclusively and local populations' rights should be protected to stabilize the respective territories.

During the offensive in Tal Abiad more than 20,000 civilians fled to Turkey. Some were allegedly not allowed to return to their homes, prompting concerns in the region about Kurdish rebels' political motivations.


The PYD's intention for a full autonomous or independent state in northern Syria is an open secret and the Tal Abiad offensive left doubts about the coalition's operations in that particular area as it may contribute to those aspirations.

Last year, Kurdish rebels declared three areas in northern Syria as Kurdish "cantons". They call the area around al-Afrin city in the northwest corner “Afrin Canton”; the area around the city of Ayn al-Arab, a few hundred miles east of al-Afrin as “Kobani Canton” and the area covering the cities of Tal Hamees, al-Hasakeh, al-Qamisli and Ra'sal Ayn as “Jazirah Canton”

By capturing Tal Abiad, YPG forces connected the two pieces of land they have controlled in northern Syria along the Turkish border, which they call Jazirah and Kobani “cantons”.

However, Smith defended coalition efforts saying the intense support for the YPG – with nearly 2,000 airstrikes - was because of the groups' “organization and reliability," which helped the coalition to effectively strike Daesh.

She did not specifically mention the Kurdish rebels among the groups that provide intelligence to the coalition but acknowledged that airstrikes enabled the rebels to recapture Kobani in February, and recently Tal Abiad.

"In the process, the anti-ISIL forces in northern Syria established themselves as a dependable and effective force on the ground," Smith said.

But as cooperation between the coalition and the Kurdish rebel groups develop, efforts toward building the capability of moderate Syrian opposition groups have dimed, partly due to the U.S.’s priority of fighting Daesh.

Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter said Tuesday at a Senate hearing that just 60 of 7,000 Syrian volunteers have been taken into a train-and-equip program launched by the coalition as a part of the fight against Daesh.

Many of the volunteers have reportedly dropped out or have been disqualified from the program for either having connections to extremist groups or being unwilling to prioritize fighting Daesh.

"The Syria train and equip legislation directs us to screen individuals for associations with terrorist groups, Shia militias aligned with or supporting the government of Syria, and groups associated with the government of Iran. So, these are clear disqualifiers," Smith said.

On the other hand, she also implied that the course of U.S. engagement in Syria has shifted over time from moderate opposition groups to the Kurds.

"We have been actively engaged for some time with the Syrian opposition across multiple lines of effort, “she said. "Currently, we are focused on intensifying our coordination on a broad array of strategic matters."

Strategic victories by the YPG have opened the gates of the coalition to the rebels but until now, the Pentagon spokesman said, the U.S. has not provided any aid to the Kurds except for airpower.

Although there isn't any policy restrictions preventing the Kurds from being recruited into the train-and-equip program, Smith noted that the groups that are currently under consideration are those that coalition partners have reached a consensus.

Turkey, a coalition partner hosting the training program, considers the PYD an extension of the outlawed Kurdistan Worker's Party (PKK) that has fought against Turkey for decades.

Anadolu Agency
Source : http://www.turkiyenewspaper.com/World/7864-us-urges-kurdish-rebels-to-allow-refugees-to-return-to-tal-abiad.aspx

Voir également : Frontière turco-syrienne : les YPG empêchent des réfugiés syriens de retourner à Tell Abyad

Les problèmes posés par le soutien d'Obama aux YPG en Syrie

Tell Abyad : "inquiétude" des Américains après les témoignages de réfugiés arabes et turcomans quant au nettoyage ethnique accompli par le PYD-YPG

Les problèmes posés par le soutien d'Obama aux YPG en Syrie

Opinion
The YPG: America's new best friend?
The YPG may seem to be good allies on paper, but if Syria's central regions are alienated it may cause more trouble.


28 Jun 2015 08:36 GMT | War & Conflict, Politics, Middle East, ISIL, Kurds

About the Author
Michael Stephens

Michael Stephens is head of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) in Qatar.

@MStephensGulf

About the Author
Aaron Stein

Aaron Stein is a non-resident fellow with the Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East.

@aaronstein1

The recent capture of the Syrian border town of Tal Abyad held by the fighters of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), by Syrian Kurdish forces (known as the YPG) is a major development in the course of the war in Syria.

The result is that Kurdish forces are now poised to control the vast majority of Syria's border with Turkey and now constitute a fighting force of some 50,000 fighters, backed by US airpower, operating in a united stretch of territory.

The Democratic Union Party (PYD) which largely represents the Syrian Kurds, has stated that its priority is now focused on uniting historical Kurdish areas of Syria (known as Rojava), stretching from Afrin to the Tigris river into one contiguous land mass. Additionally, it has signalled that defeating ISIL in its heartlands would not be anathema to solidifying its control across much of northern Syria.

This suggests that the YPG will push west towards the ISIL-controlled town of Jarabulus, moving weapons and manpower from the main canton of Jazeera to assist in any future offensive. The YPG is also expected to continue its push towards ISIL strongholds, by surrounding its de-facto capital Raqqa.

YPG strategic tactics

Wary of upsetting the local Arab population, YPG forces will most likely surround logistical supply routes into the city, cutting it off from the outside world, waiting for the right moment to strike deeper, in concert with local Arab partners and Free Syrian Army (FSA) and affiliated groups, backed by US airpower.

Much like their Iraqi brethren in Mosul, it is unlikely the YPG could take the city by itself, nor does it possess the will to do so. The group's openly Kurdish identity undermines its appeal in Arab areas, forcing the group to approach local Arab tribes for support. PYD messaging has been careful to stress that any future battle for Raqqa would be an operation in which Arab forces and the FSA would take the lead, supported by the YPG if required.

The advance of the Syrian Kurdish forces in the areas surrounding Tal Abyad has been met with mixed reactions and is likely to be contested in any attempt to push south into ethnically Arab areas. Islamist rebel groups and sympathisers' brigades have condemned the group's offensive, and accuse the PYD/YPG of systematic ethnic cleansing.


The Kurds deny any such accusations, but admit that during the offensive allied fighters burned crops and destroyed the homes of suspected ISIL sympathisers. Kurdish Asayish (internal security) entered Tal Abyad shortly after its fall looking for ISIL collaborators, detaining a number of individuals, their status is as yet unconfirmed.

The US will need to consider these problems as the strategy develops. While the YPG may seem like good allies on paper, if Syria's central regions are alienated it is likely to cause only more trouble and internecine war. This may well pit the US-backed YPG against other rebel groupings that have the support of US allies, prolonging the conflict the US is trying to end.

US support

The US has supported the YPG for two reasons: Firstly, their offensive has been successful and is narrowly focused on fighting ISIL, rather than focusing first on regime forces. Secondly, in the PR war, public sympathy in the West has tended to view the Kurds as the most forward-thinking rebel group in the battle against extremism.

The same cannot be said for the myriad of factions receiving aid from regional backers - many of which have cooperated with al-Qaeda's Syrian affiliate, Nusra Front.

But the PYD's connections to the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) - a US-, EU-, and Turkey-designated terror group - are problematic, and Ankara is deeply concerned with the group's advance and sympathetic treatment in the international media. But despite these concerns the US appears to be committed to maintaining its air support for the Syrian Kurds, both near the Euphrates in the west and the outskirts of Raqqa in the south.

The question for the US will be whether aiding an enemy of the Turkish state will impinge dramatically on their relationship with a NATO ally. To some extent the immediacy of "degrading and defeating" ISIL trumps concerns of longer term tension with Ankara.

The longer ISIL stays in place the weaker both Iraq and Syria become, and the more likely the chance of permanent state collapse. The US favours the maintenance of Syria's territorial integrity, but the counterpoint to this strategy is that by empowering Syrian and Iraqi Kurds, the result may be hastening the break-up of these countries anyway.

So by choosing sides, the US may be signalling that it is preparing for all contingencies, including the fracturing of Syria and the complete collapse of the state.


Foreign efforts

There have been numerous efforts by both the US and European partners to engage the PYD in discussions with a wider pan-Syrian opposition to help prevent this, but these have proven to be largely unsuccessful. The PYD has resisted cooperating with the Syrian opposition, although it has made clear that it does not seek to establish an independent state.

Instead, it has sought to reach agreement with neighbouring Turkey; viewing Ankara as the main hindrance to the group's wider acceptance in the international community. Ankara remains wary of the PYD's gains and has built much of its Syria policy around preventing the empowerment of the Syrian Kurds.

However, Turkey's options for altering US policy are limited without a direct military intervention. The eyes of Western states are on what happens next in newly controlled territory. The PYD claims that its governance mode will be one of a laissez-faire administration, devolving as much autonomy to local councils as is needed to govern, while a central authority in Qamishli - the PYD's de-facto capital - will retain control of macro economic and defence policy.

Therefore, if political settlements and agreements can be reached with the various ethnic constituencies of Tal Abyad, then it will go to some length to show that the PYD is an actor that can be trusted to live up to its promises for multiethnic inclusion and peaceful governance.

However, should it emerge that gerrymandering and ethnic politics colour the PYD's governance in newly taken areas, then not only will it continue to place the PYD under suspicion as an ethnocentric actor, but also threaten further instability.


The US' military first strategy suggests continued support for the YPG, particularly now that they have proved themselves capable of taking territory. But it leaves much undone, openly supporting the YPG will do little to heal the wounds of a broken nation, and may even break it further. But ISIL has to be defeated first if there is to be any healing, and to achieve the narrow objective put forward of degrading ISIL, support for the PYD is a good option from the range of poor solutions available.

A YPG-led strategy should not, however, distract from the overarching multilateral efforts to ensure that Bashar al-Assad is removed from power, and that Syria's competing mosaic of factions are finally brought into some form of cohesive, relevant opposition.

Syria's Kurds may not share these concerns of course, and focus simply on building their own institutions, much to the chagrin of Turkey and the international community. But this eventuality is the inevitable price of avoiding the far higher price of a military intervention that no Western or regional government is currently prepared to undertake.

Michael Stephens is a research fellow for Middle East studies and head of the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) in Qatar.

Aaron Stein is a non-resident fellow with the Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, a doctoral fellow at the Geneva Center for Security Policy, and an associate fellow at the Royal United Services Institute in London.

The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial policy.

Source: Al Jazeera
Source : http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2015/06/ypg-america-friend-isil-kurds-syria-150627073034776.html

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