mercredi 25 mars 2015

Selon Siraj al-Din al-Hasakawi (activiste syrien), les YPG veulent modifier la carte démographique de la région d'Hassaka

YPG hopes to ‘change the demographic map’ in Al-Hasakah

March 24, 2015

Kurdish People’s Protection Units [YPG] reportedly burned at least five Arab-majority villages in the rural heart of Al-Hasakah province earlier this week after winning control of them from the Islamic State [IS] just weeks before.


The YPG, which denies the accusations of burning homes, has been fighting with IS for hundreds of villages in the far northeast province, including around Tel Brak where this week’s burnings allegedly took place.

Tel Brak, the largest and most strategically significant town located on the main highway between Al-Hasakah city and the YPG-controlled city of Qamishli, is surrounded by a collection of smaller Arab and Kurdish villages.

The Kurdish Democratic Party [PYD]—the political arm of the YPG—declared self-governance in Al-Hasakah in late 2013, but have maintained a tacit agreement with the government to jointly rule the province, most notably in the provincial capital of Al-Hasakah city.

The burnings are the latest of what activists in Al-Hasakah call a series of targeted attacks by the YPG against Arab villages.


Some of the villages were “totally destroyed and wiped off the face of the map,” says Siraj al-Din al-Hasakawi, 28, a Hasakah-based citizen journalist.


Al-Hasakawi, who also works with several pro-opposition news organizations, is part of a team of Arab activists documenting alleged human rights abuses by the YPG in Al-Hasakah.

The YPG, and by extension the PYD, “are not just hostile to the Arabs, but are enemies of the people and the revolution in its entirety,” al-Hasakawi tells Syria Direct’s Ammar Hamou.

Q: The opposition media is reporting renewed burnings of Arab villages by the YPG. How accurate is this information? And what are its motivations for the attacks on these villages?

The media hasn’t been shy in reporting on the subject, and what has been published on social media sites is the reality, not a figment of the imagination. The policy of expelling [residents from] Arab villages shows the characteristics of a plan for changing the demographic map and the distribution of the Arab residents who represent an overwhelming majority in the province.

From another angle, there have been revenge operations reported to have occurred in [the town of] Tel Hamees [in Al-Hasakah]. YPG fighters openly say that it is a revenge operation for their fighters killed last year in Tel Hamees and Tel Brak, where they lost tens of fighters. The units returned this year to take revenge on unarmed local residents.

Q: Is the burning of villages a new phenomenon or have there been previous cases? And if so, who has done this before?

The burning of villages is not a new phenomenon, nor is it an isolated one as some members of the YPG leadership have claimed. At one point, [Arab] villages partially bordering [the YPG-controlled city of] Qamishli were subjected to a [YPG] attack in which 15 villages were burned, some of them totally destroyed and wiped off the face of the map and turned into a burning heap.

We have documentation and witness statements that prove this and we aim to present them to international courts and organizations.
Q: An activist from the Kurdish Reform Assembly [a party opposed to the practices of the YPG] considers the targeting of these areas part of its campaign of targeting Islamic State fighters in the region. What are your comments on that?

If what they claim is true and this is part of their war against IS, then why were there villages burned that IS never entered? Why have families been expelled and other villages completely looted and why were seven Arabian horses killed? Were they also [members] of IS?

Q: Do you think it’s possible that an unknown group burned the villages and framed the YPG in an attempt to spread Arab-Kurdish discord in the region, seeing as Shahrazad Zaydi, the YPG leader, denied those charges?

If we look at the situation from a military standpoint, there are two main groups carrying weapons in Al-Hasakah: the first is the Islamic State and the second is the regime, and each of them is supported by local and ethnic militias.

For example, the regime is supported by the YPG, which is attacking the village of Tel Hamees [and the surrounding villages] with support from the international coalition and its air cover.

The villages have been burned under the watch and with the cover of the international coalition, which means that the coalition is a participant in the forcible expulsion and burnings in Tel Hamees, although there are those among them who deny it. However, the recorded witness statements and the video clips don’t lie.

Q: So what is the intention of the burnings, in your opinion?

After the announcement of Kurdish self-governance, the application of the secession plan and the process of partitioning Syria began. Following this, the YPG were able to help the regime in suppressing the revolution and its opposition.

Today, with the aid of the US-led international coalition [strikes], they have been able to expel the Arabs that constitute the overwhelming majority of the population. Thus, they are carrying out a demographic change of the region in order to pave the way for a political enterprise, its goal being the partitioning of Syria into weak micro-states.


Thus we are calling for international human rights commissions to inspect the area and look into what happened.   

Q: Do you have documentation of the number of burned houses or villages? What is the solution for the civilians whose villages were burned?

Yes, we have dossiers and significant evidence that documents most of the violations by the YPG against all of the parties involved, among them the Amuda massacre of Kurdish activists, the killing of six demonstrators against the Assad regime, the Tel Brak massacre in which 35 civilians were victims, as well as other the massacres.

Today, we are working hard to complete the dossier [in its entirety], and we are adding the matter concerning the burning of the villages and the expulsion of the population [based on] ethnic and national identity.

As for the civilians whose villages were burned, a large portion of them are sleeping outdoors without tents or shelters. Most of Al-Hasakah and its countryside is impoverished and does not have housing facilities available for these waves of displaced whose numbers have now reached 30,000, according to the lowest estimate.

A number of them were able to reach Turkey and join the refugee camps that were hastily prepared with the help of aid organizations and the Turkish government.


Q: Does the YPG depend on the approval and support of the Syrian Kurds for its actions?

It’s impossible to say that an armed faction bearing nationalist slogans represents an entire nation, but rather it only represents those who support it and carry weapons with it.

The YPG today doesn’t have a base of support among the population.

Q: Do you have anything that proves your claims in regard to the violations of the YPG in Al-Hasakah and have you communicated with international parties and organizations regarding this matter?

No, we are still documenting. We have an archive that we will provide a copy of to you as well as to all the human rights institutions and international organizations upon finalizing it. We call on all human rights and media organizations to communicate with us and aid in documenting and conveying the truth to the world.

 Q: Don’t you think the burning of villages has been exaggerated? How many villages are there in al-Hasakah and what is the average number of residents in each village such that the YPG was able to burn them down and wipe them out?

Activist’s [photographs] and the survivors’ testimonies confirm the burning of the villages, and our specific evidence is ready and available as we previously stated.
As for the number of villages in Al-Hasakah, the province is comprise of more than 1,700 villages and nearly 1,200 of these villages are Arab. In other words, Arab villages represent nearly 70 percent of all villages.

I’d like to emphasize here that the villages in Al-Hasakah are small. For example, the Tel Hamees area comprises of 222 villages and the area’s population is 74,000 people, which means that the average number of one village’s residents in Tel Hamees is only between 250 and 2000 people.

Q: The Arabs and the Kurds are both part of the demographic composition of the population in Al-Hasakah. How was relationship between the two before the revolution? Since the revolution have you witnessed tensions? And if so, why?

Close ties and affinities still link the Arab people with their Kurdish brothers.  Work, joint participation, business, trading, and agriculture go beyond political disputes. The Kurds of Syria reject the YPG’s behavior and as of yet, Arabs and Kurds and Christians in Tel Hajar in the city of Al-Hasakah still visit each other and share congratulations in times of happiness, and help each other in times of sadness.

Q: What is the reason for the YPG’s antagonism toward the Arabs and when did it rise?

The PYD are not just hostile to the Arabs, but they are the enemies of the people and the revolution in its entirety.  They have repressed demonstrations and killed [members of] the opposition on behalf of the regime.


Recently, they stormed villages, sometimes under the pretext of terrorism, sometimes by accusing their populations of being IS supporters, and at other times for their subordination to Turkey, etc.

Consequently, we don’t know what the next pretext will be when IS exists no longer.


 For more from Syria Direct, like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter.
Source : http://syriadirect.org/main/36-interviews/1937-activist-ypg-wiped-arab-villages-off-the-face-of-the-map

Voir également : Le gouvernement intérimaire syrien condamne les exactions des YPG à Hassaka 

Sham News Network confirme que les YPG ont incendié des villages arabes à Tall Hamis

Tall Hamis : les YPG pillent et incendient des villages arabes

Carnegie Endowment : "il existe des rapports sur des civils arabes fuyant l'avancée de l'YPG plus au Sud"
 
Syrie : le PKK-YPG tue des dizaines de civils à Hasaka

La Coalition nationale syrienne maintient que le PKK-YPG a commis un massacre de civils dans la région d'Hasaka

13 personnes d'une même famille tuées dans le village de Matiniya : un nouveau massacre de civils par le PKK-YPG ?

L'opposition syrienne (dont fait partie le Conseil national kurde) accuse le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique

Irak : diverses sources confirment l'existence d'exactions perpétrées par le PKK-YPG dans des villages arabes

France : 9 Kurdes condamnés dans une affaire de financement du PKK et d'extorsion

Dernières Infos
Neuf Kurdes condamnés en France dans une affaire de financement du PKK
AFP
24/03/2015

Neuf Kurdes ont été condamnés mardi à Paris à des peines allant de 30 mois de prison avec sursis à cinq ans de prison ferme dans une affaire d'extorsion en lien avec le financement du PKK (Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan).


Au début de cette affaire l'enquête portait sur un projet d'assassinat (qualification finalement abandonnée au terme de l'enquête) à Draguignan (sud-est) en 2012, finalement déjoué du fait d'une importante présence policière sur les lieux. L'enquête a ensuite mis en évidence une affaire d'extorsion pour récolter la "kampanya", la collecte de l'impôt révolutionnaire auprès de la diaspora kurde.

Les deux prévenus qui projetaient une action violente contre un homme qui refusait de payer la kampanya ont été condamnés à cinq ans de prison ferme. Les autres à des peines allant de 30 mois avec sursis à deux ans ferme.

Si le PKK présente "une image singulièrement plus favorable", a expliqué le président du tribunal Denis Couhé, "il n'en demeure pas moins qu'il reste inscrit sur la liste des organisations terroristes" de l'Union européenne et que ses membres se sont rendus coupables de "meurtres" et d'"attentats" jusqu'en 2012, date des faits examinés par le tribunal.

Pour le tribunal, le PKK "a encore à faire la preuve de l'abandon du terrorisme". "Ce n'est que dans le quantum des peines" que le tribunal pouvait prendre en compte l'évolution du positionnement du PKK, a expliqué le président.

Les forces kurdes sont engagées contre le groupe Etat islamique (EI) en Irak et en Syrie. Fin février, le chef du PKK Abdullah Öcalan a appelé ses troupes à prendre la décision "historique" de déposer les armes, ravivant ainsi de façon spectaculaire l'espoir que soit mis fin à la rébellion séparatiste kurde qui ensanglante la Turquie depuis trente ans.
Source : http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/917360/neuf-kurdes-condamnes-en-france-dans-une-affaire-de-financement-du-pkk.html

Voir également : France : dix Kurdes de nationalité turque condamnés pour financement du PKK

"Le PKK, c’est aussi la terreur pour certains Kurdes."

Terrorisme : Metin Karasular (un trafiquant de drogue et d'armes proche du PKK) avoue avoir été en contact avec Amedy Coulibaly

Marseille : des extrémistes kurdes jettent des projectiles contre la police française

France : les sympathisants du PKK-YPG créent des troubles un peu partout (aéroports, autoroutes, gares, Assemblée nationale, TV)

Reims : enquête antiterroriste concernant des tentatives d'extorsion de fonds par le PKK

Bordeaux : sept terroristes kurdes du PKK interpellés pour racket

Bordeaux : des trafiquants de drogue kurdes et non turcs

Le violeur kurde Selcuk Ozcan est membre du PKK

Villiers-le-Bel et Evry : des Kurdes provoquent des affrontements avec la police suite à l'arrestation de certains d'entre eux

L'opération policière d'Arnouville et Evry visait l'organisation terroriste PKK

Le PKK et le trafic de drogue

Turquie : la complaisance du HDP (parti nationaliste kurde) pour la polygamie

Big love in Turkey
Pinar Tremblay
Columnist

Pinar Tremblay is a visiting scholar of political science at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. She is a columnist for Turkish news outlet T24. Her articles have appeared in Time, New America, Hurriyet Daily News, Todays Zaman, Star and Salom. On Twitter: @pinartremblay
News broke on March 16 that the People’s Democracy Party (HDP) had approved the applications of three polygamous candidates in the eastern province of Hakkari. This was intriguing because only a week earlier the HDP, the party known for bolstering women’s rights and equality, had announced that men with a history of rape, sexual or physical harassment or those in polygamous marriages would be rejected to apply for candidacy in the June general elections. This controversy caused uproar in social media. Al-Monitor contacted several high-level HDP officials and the prospective candidates in Hakkari. Polygamy has been illegal in Turkey since 1926, making this is a sensitive issue. While HDP candidates declined to answer any questions, HDP officials told Al-Monitor that it is unlikely these prospective candidates will be appointed as HDP nominees in the upcoming elections.

These events reignited the debate about legalization of polygamy. Although Islam allows for up to four wives, in Turkish civil law only the first wife has legal status. The so-called sister wives are mostly left at her mercy in the case of the husband’s death.

Although credible data is unavailable, a 2011 Hacettepe University study reported that at least 187,000 women have sister wives in Turkey. The number is expected to have gone up with the influx of Syrian refugees.

HDP officials are struggling to walk a fine line, because in HDP’s stronghold regions, in rural and southeastern and eastern parts of the country, men marrying multiple wives is known to be common. Yet, polygamy in Turkey is not confined to rural areas. Al-Monitor investigated the phenomenon in the center of Istanbul. All names are pseudonyms to protect the identities of the interviewees.

Esma Erbil is a senior banker in her mid-40s. She has two sister wives. She holds a master's degree in business administration from a prominent university in the United Kingdom. She told Al-Monitor, “I met my husband in college. We fell in love and got married.” Esma announced her desire not to have kids in the third year of their marriage. She was in graduate school and her sole desire was to have a successful career. This decision upset her husband who kept bringing up the ideas on having a baby, including adoption and surrogacy. Esma told him that she would be fine with him having a baby with another woman who would like to have one.

In the fifth year of their marriage, Esma met Hediye, who was to become her ex-husband’s second wife. Hediye was already pregnant, and the couple did not want to have a baby out of wedlock. The three of them sat down and talked. Esma got a divorce, and a sister wife. The agreement was that Esma and Hediye would keep separate flats in the same neighborhood with a monthly schedule for the husband’s visits. Both of them were happy with the arrangement. Hediye has four children, and she works as a yoga and dance instructor. Seven years later, their husband brought in a third wife, Ayse. The same story repeated. They keep their incomes separate and divide the husband's income for the children. Esma, who has no children, seeks no money from her ex-husband. She told Al-Monitor, “I'm content with the arrangement. To be honest, Hediye and I were surprised to learn about Ayse, but we understand. This way we have a big family. I have not given birth, but I feel blessed with seven children. We spent most weekends together. Families come in different shapes.”

This story is rare by Turkish standards, as it is uncommon to find polygamous relationships among the secular, educated middle- and upper-middle class in urban areas. Ayse is in her late 20s and has three children already, as she got married while in college. She told Al-Monitor, “No one in my family knows. My mother would most likely have a heart attack if she knew. Frankly, I didn't know what it would be like to share my husband with two other women. It was difficult initially because I felt like an outcast, but now I feel I'm more independent than those who are in a monogamous relationship. I also feel proud that my husband still adores his wife of 20 years. That shows dedication and loyalty.”

Then there is the Cengelkoy family, who have established what they call a nifty white lie. They all share the same last name, because in Turkey divorced women can keep their husband’s name if they wish. The neighbors understand that a woman would have her ex-husband visit given that she has kids with him. None of the Cengelkoy wives ever had trouble with the law or the neighbors. Interestingly, none of them wishes for polygamy to be legalized. The third wife told Al-Monitor, “If relationships are based on love and trust, the current system is accepting everyone’s wishes. I know that when my husband takes on another wife, he will still care for me. If a woman cannot feel this, can we hold the marriage together just on paper? What good would that be? I'm not a third wife in our view. I'm a wife. I haven't lost my dignity and I don’t feel bitter. It is my choice.”

Not all sister wives are as happy and content as the Erbil and Cengelkoy families. Indeed, some of these marriages can be quite difficult to manage. In Fatih, a district known for its conservative nature, one might see women dressed in niqabs who appear to be sisters or mother and daughter shopping together or walking with a few children in tow. They could in fact be sister wives. Al-Monitor visited an apartment building where a man and his four wives reside. Each floor is home to another wife. Only the first wife, Kubra and her husband Murat Gultekin agreed to talk to Al-Monitor, as the other wives sat quietly.

Kubra said, “I'm the only one in a legal civil marriage, and the [11] children are registered as my husband’s children. We would like polygamy to be legal because this is our belief. The current legal system is corrupt; adultery and prostitution is legal, but marrying more than one person is forbidden. Why? This is not Islamic, so how can we be a Muslim country?”

Murat said, “I'm the only breadwinner in the family. I own a business with my father. The marriage to my first wife was arranged when we were both 17. Ten years later, I fell in love with one of my customer’s daughters. They both agreed, and we lived together in a small flat for 10 years." Pointing to the youngest two wives, he added, "Then we took in two Syrian refugees, who were initially to help around the house and eventually return [to Syria]. But the war continued and they became my wives and had my children as well. Their Turkish is limited, which prevents further tension.”

Kubra said that some of their neighbors have a Syrian sister wife, daughter-in-law or maid, while pointing out tens of pregnant Syrian women in the market with Turkish husbands. She said her Syrian sister wives are hardworking, respectful and caring, so she does not mind having them in the house. “Everyone has their own flat in this house and that is a nice luxury. For a decade, the second wife and I had a rough time. I was younger and jealous. There were nights when my husband was with her and I would just sit on the floor and weep,” she added.

Despite the legal ban and social stigma, polygamy in Turkey has not disappeared. In the last decade, the practice, which has been adapted to modern times, has been frequently discussed in the news — most recently because of the polygamous HDP candidates — and is a recurrent theme in movies. The stories of the Erbil and Cengelkoy families indicate that it can even be found in the least expected sections of society.
Source : http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/03/turkey-polygamy-acceptable-conspicuously.html

Voir également : PYD et féminisme : une opération de communication à usage externe

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Le crime d'honneur : une pratique tribale ni turque, ni vraiment musulmane mais kurde

La coutume barbare de l'excision chez les Kurdes de Suleimani (nord de l'Irak)

mardi 24 mars 2015

Publication d'une vidéo de l'EI en dialecte kurde

"Wassim Nasr @SimNasr

#Irak nouvelle vid de l'#EI #AlHayat (kurde) "message à nos familles [peuple] au #Kurdistan""

"Wassim Nasr ‏@SimNasr 23 hil y a 23 heures

on y voit plusieurs commandants militaires kurdes de l'#EI dont Khatab de #Halabja mort dans des combats en #Syrie et qui commandait #Kobane"

"Wassim Nasr ‏@SimNasr 23 hil y a 23 heures

l'hymne jihadiste de l'#EI est également en #Kurde"

Source : https://twitter.com/SimNasr/status/579971972907573248

Voir également : Au total, 500 Kurdes du Kurdistan irakien ont rejoint l'EI, dont trois mollah employés par l'administration kurde

Décapitation d'un peshmerga par l'EI : l'histoire du djihadiste kurde Mouafak et de ses deux frères

Le Kurde de l'EI qui a décapité un peshmerga a été identifié : il appartient à la tribu des Zebari

Selon un commandant des peshmerga, l'EI a utilisé des Kurdes comme éclaireurs pour son offensive sur le Kurdistan irakien

L'ancien gardien de but (kurde) du club d'Halabja est mort dans les rangs de l'EI

Kobanê : des Kurdes (irakiens et syriens) apportent une aide cruciale à l'EI

Région d'Alep : 30 villages kurdes prêtent allégeance à l'EI

"Génocide" des Kurdes ? Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (un Kurde d'Halabja) commande l'offensive de l'EI sur Kobanê

Le frère du commandant Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (EI) était lui aussi djihadiste

Wassim Nasr : "on trouve même des Kurdes, notamment dans la ville d’Halabja, qui rejoignent les rangs des djihadistes de l’Etat islamique"

Les Kurdes et l'EIIL

Allemagne : l'Etat islamique attire de jeunes Kurdes

Islamisme et vocations djihadistes chez les Kurdes

Selon Nechirvan Barzani (Premier ministre du GRK), la Turquie a joué un rôle majeur dans la reconquête de Kobanê/Ayn al-Arab

Turkey has an absolute share in liberation of Kobani, says KRG PM Barzani
AYŞE ŞAHIN
ISTANBUL
Published 10 hours ago

Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani has praised Turkey's role in providing support in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) in the fight to drive it out of Kobani, Syria. Although Turkey has been exerting considerable efforts to contribute to the U.S.-led coalition that was established to wipe out ISIS in Syria and Iraq, some Western media outlets, along with those close to opposition parties in Turkey, have been propagating the view that Turkey is sidelining itself in the fight against ISIS, and creating the perception that it is not actively involved in the coalition. Barzani has attempted to refute these claims in a new interview.

A Turkish daily recently published an interview with Barzani from the perspective that Turkey has not been taking an active role in the coalition. However, despite the questions of the reporter conducting the interview, Barzani said that Turkey has exerted major efforts against ISIS threat. Barzani said that President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu hold a major share in the liberation of Kobani, a strategic Kurdish-Syrian town that was previously besieged by ISIS militants.

ISIS forces were driven out of Kobani by KRG peshmerga forces and the Democratic Union Party's (PYD) People's Protection Units (YPG) in January. The Turkish officials who first came up with the idea that Iraqi Kurds should join the fight against ISIS in Kobani by giving assistance to the YPG, allowed the peshmerga fighters to cross the border from Turkey. Turkey has also been in favor of training and equipping opposition forces in Syria against ISIS and the regime of President Bashar Assad, plans which were put into effect after Washington and Ankara signed an agreement in February.

Turkey has also been diligently guarding its borders against the threat of fighters moving in and out of its territory, and continues to be a key figure in the coalition, despite reluctance to launch military operations across its borders. In addition, Turkey has been hosting a huge number of refugees (nearly two million), who have fled both the civil war in Syria and ISIS in Syria and Iraq.

Barzani refuted claims that there is a lack of support from the government in his interview with Taraf Daily, and said that it is not true that Turkey has only marginally contributed to the coalition, in response to the question: "Why did the Turks do nothing."

"They sent us trucks of bullets and howitzers at the onset of the fighting, followed by a delivery of military clothes and other things," Barzani said, adding that Turkey also provided major support in the matter of taking refugees. He also said that Turkey has provided financial assistance to the KRG, which he said was $500 million last year.


"Another [$500 million] is on the way," Barzani said.
He continued by praising Turkey's assistance: "[T]he biggest and most apparent gesture from the Turkish government has been its facilitation of the passage of peshmerga forces through its territory."

Ankara ensured secure and problem-free access to Kobani in the face of criticism during the battle for Kobani. Barzani said: "The efforts of Turkey cannot be disregarded. If Kobani was rescued, the Turkish president and prime minister have definitely played their part."
Source : http://www.dailysabah.com/politics/2015/03/24/turkey-has-an-absolute-share-in-liberation-of-kobani-says-krg-pm-barzani

Voir également : Ayn al-Arab/Kobanê : Massoud Barzani remercie la Turquie d'Erdogan

Safin Dizayi (porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan) critique les extrémistes kurdes du BDP-HDP

Idam Mohammed (réfugié kurde de Kobanê) : "que Dieu bénisse la Turquie pour tout ce qu'elle a fait pour nous"

La gratitude d'un réfugié kurde de Kobanê : "le gouvernement turc nous a beaucoup aidés"

Arrivée en Turquie d'un deuxième groupe de peshmerga irakiens

L'étau se resserre autour du PYD-YPG à Kobanê : EI d'un côté, ASL et peshmerga irakiens de l'autre

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

La Turquie d'Erdogan aurait secrètement payé deux mois de salaires pour les fonctionnaires du Kurdistan irakien

Les liens de dépendance du Kurdistan irakien à l'égard de la Turquie d'Erdogan

Lutte contre l'EI : les forces spéciales turques commencent à entraîner des Arabes sunnites et des Turkmènes

Turkish military starts training missions in Iraq, Syria

Uğur Ergan ANKARA

Turkish Special Forces are training Sunni forces in Iraq, as well as Turkmens in Syria, Turkish officials have confirmed.


The training mission was first revealed by Asil Nujaifi, the governor of Mosul, in an interview with Anadolu Agency on March 15.


“Experts from Turkey are providing military training to our forces on the bases,” Nujaifi said. “Turkey is assuming a better role on this issue every day, but whether it will join the Mosul operation is related to the talks it will have with the coalition forces. It is very important that Turkey is involved in this operation.”

Turkish officials have confirmed Nujaifi’s remarks. Officials told daily Hürriyet that special forces, also known as the “Maroon Berets,” were providing training to Peshmerga forces in Arbil, as well as mostly Turkmen forces in Mosul and Kirkuk.

The officials also said Turkmen forces were being trained at a location inside Syria, which they did not want to name due to security concerns.


Last week, the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) in northern Iraq announced that at least 16,000 Iraqi troops had been trained over the past four months to retake Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) militants.

The training provided by the Turkish military is focused on street clashes, sabotage and intelligence gathering. The sources declined to comment on the timing of the training and how many people will be trained, but said the training mission could soon be expanded to other parts of Iraq.

The Turkish Special Forces have so far provided training to more than 1,000 peshmerga members.

Authorities did not deny that the training mission was related to a looming operation to retake Mosul from ISIL.


Turkey is willing to support a possible operation to reclaim Mosul from ISIL, but it will avoid any direct combat unless it is attacked on its own soil, Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu said March 4.

“We would support Mosul, but we will not engage in direct combat. We will only respond if there is a direct attack on Turkey. We possess both the potential and the might for that,” Davutoğlu told reporters, adding that Turkey would “back groups supported by the people” and considered Nujaifi to be the legitimate elected governor of Mosul.

Nujaifi also told the Anadolu Agency that Turkey also promised to send weapons.

“We demanded Turkey send weapons to our troops through Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Iraqi Defense Minister Khaled al-Obeidi. We also expressed our military equipment demand to Turkish Defense Minister İsmet Yılmaz during his official visit in Iraq,” he said. “Turkish authorities have promised to send weapons to our forces receiving training, but we have not been given solid information on when, how and how much this aid will be.”

Expressing his criticisms regarding the central Iraqi government’s upcoming operation to retake Mosul, Nujaifi said Shiite militias acting with the Iraqi forces could cause problems.


“Sectarian forces from far regions could hurt the feelings of the Mosul people during the operation,” the governor said. “That is why we should prepare our forces as soon as possible and try to prevent other forces from joining in the operation.”

Nujaifi said Peshmerga forces would be included in the operation, but they did not want to enter the Mosul city center fearing “political consequences.”

The governor stressed that he could not yet give a specific date for the operation.

He also said the Iraqi government had come to an agreement with the Turkish government regarding the training of militia troops.

 Iraqi security forces backed by Shiite militias launched a ground offensive against ISIL on March 2 to recapture Tikrit city, aiming to approach the ISIL stronghold of Mosul.

Tikrit, a Sunni-majority city, is the birthplace of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein.

March/16/2015
Source : http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/turkish-military-starts-training-missions-in-mosul-syria.aspx?pageID=238&nID=79721&NewsCatID=352

Voir également : La Turquie a l'intention de poursuivre l'entraînement des peshmerga et de l'étendre à l'armée irakienne et à des forces arabo-sunnites anti-EI

La Turquie d'Erdogan est prête à contribuer à une opération de reconquête de Mossoul

Visite officielle d'Haidar al-Abadi en Turquie : Ahmet Davutoğlu a rappelé que la Turquie entraînait déjà les peshmerga et a promis davantage

La Turquie d'Erdogan continue à apporter une aide militaire aux peshmerga irakiens

Les forces armées turques entraînent 230 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak

L'armée turque entraîne les peshmerga kurdes irakiens

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

mardi 17 mars 2015

Les autorités britanniques arrêtent une Kurde en raison de ses liens avec l'organisation terroriste du PKK

British teenage girl charged with trying to join Kurdish forces fighting Isis

Shilan Ozcelik, 18, becomes first Briton to be arrested for trying to fight against Islamic State in Syria
Friday 13 March 2015 18.34 GMT
A teenager from London, who was allegedly trying to join a Kurdish military women’s unit fighting Isis in Syria, has been charged with a terrorist offence.

Shilan Ozcelik, who is of Kurdish descent, was arrested earlier this year at Stansted airport. She is believed to be the first British citizen to be arrested for trying to join the campaign against the jihadis who control eastern Syria and western Iraq.

Ozcelik, from Holloway, north London, faces one charge of engaging in conduct in preparation for giving effect to an intention to commit acts of terrorism under the 2006 Terrorism Act.

Her supporters say she travelled to Brussels in an attempt to join the women’s protection units, also known as YPJ, that are based in Rojava – the Kurdish enclave in northern Syria under attack by Isis.

She was arrested by on 16 January at as she returned from Brussels. Neither the YPJ nor the YPG, the main men’s Kurdish peshmerga militia in northern Syria, are banned organisations in the UK.

The charges against Ozcelik are understood to relate to the Kurdistan Workers party (PKK), which is outlawed in Britain and has spent decades fighting the Turkish army in a separatist conflict.


Ozcelik appeared at Westminster magistrates court on Wednesday and was charged with a terrorist offence. She was remanded in custody and is due to appear at the Old Bailey next month. Her supporters are planning a demonstration outside Holloway prison in north London, where she has been remanded.

Earlier this month a former British Royal Marine, Konstandinos Erik Scurfield, died fighting for Kurdish YPG forces in northern Syria.
Source : http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/13/british-teenage-girl-charged-kurdish-forces-fighting-isis

Voir également : PKK : les implications théoriques de la loi Cazeneuve

Terrorisme : Metin Karasular (un trafiquant de drogue et d'armes proche du PKK) avoue avoir été en contact avec Amedy Coulibaly

France : dix Kurdes de nationalité turque condamnés pour financement du PKK

L'Allemagne s'inquiète du fait que certains de ses ressortissants rejoignent les terroristes du PKK

Allemagne : un homme condamné à 6 ans de prison pour son rôle dans le financement du PKK

Terrorisme : l'Etat allemand continue de sévir contre le PKK

Hassaka : une stalinienne afro-allemande est morte dans les rangs des YPG

Afrin : le PYD enlève et torture une adolescente, puis pousse sa famille à l'exil en Turquie

ʿAfrin: PYD kidnaps and tortures teenager and demands that she leave the country

KURDWATCH, March 11, 2015—On February 28, 2015, masked people kidnapped Rojin Hanan Kurish (b. January 1,  2000) in front of her parents home in ʿAfrin. She was released on a highway the same day. Prior to her release she was tortured. Employees of the transitional administration in the canton of ʿAfrin, which was appointed by the Democratic Union Party (PYD), demanded that the family leave the country within forty-eight hours. On March 3, Rojin, her sister Julia (b. 1998) and her brother Imad (b. 1997) fled to Turkey, where her father already lives due to health reasons. Ibrahim Kurish, the children’s uncle, who was himself previously kidnapped by the PYD [further information] told KurdWatch: »We have been supporting the revolution since 2011. We are against the regime and against the politics of the PYD. The PYD does not want to have any critics in the country.«
Source : http://www.kurdwatch.org/?aid=3373&z=en&cure=1029

Voir également : Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Hassakeh : le PYD arrête trois membres du PDK syrien et ferme le bureau de ce dernier

Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

mercredi 11 mars 2015

La Turquie a l'intention de poursuivre l'entraînement des peshmerga et de l'étendre à l'armée irakienne et à des forces arabo-sunnites anti-EI

La Turquie prolongera la formation militaire pour l'armée irakienne et les groupes sunnites
Publié le 2015-03-11 à 08:17 | french.xinhuanet.com

ANKARA, 10 mars (Xinhua) -- La Turquie va étendre son soutien à la formation militaire pour l'armée irakienne, les tribus sunnites et les Pesmerghas, dans le cadre de l'action contre l'État islamique (EI), a déclaré mardi le ministre turc de la Défense.

"Nous avons décidé de fournir une formation militaire et l'équipement, le soutien logistique et du renseignement à l'armée irakienne, aux peshmergas et aux groupes sunnites", a précisé le ministre turc de la Défense Ismet Yilmaz aux journalistes dans la capitale turque d'Ankara.

La formation des forces sunnites locales aura lieu dans la région de l'administration autonome kurde dans le nord de l'Irak,
a expliqué le ministre, ajoutant qu'Ankara préfère mener la formation en Irak, et ils sont ouverts à fournir la formation en territoire turc si la partie irakienne le veut ainsi.

Les forces armées turques ont formé plus de 1.500 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak, a laissé entendre le ministre.


Le programme de formation lancé en novembre fait partie de la coopération entre la Turquie et les Kurdes irakiens dans la lutte contre l'EI.


La Turquie aura aussi formé jusqu'à 2.000 groupes modérés de l' opposition syrienne chaque année en coopération avec les États- Unis. La Turquie et les États-Unis décideront conjointement de date du commencement du programme, a fait savoir le ministre de la Défense.

En février, Ankara et Washington ont signé un accord sur le programme de formation et de l'équipement des combattants de l'Armée syrienne libre, qui aura lieu dans la province centrale anatolienne de Kirsehir en Turquie.
Source : http://french.xinhuanet.com/monde/2015-03/11/c_134055951.htm

Voir également : La Turquie d'Erdogan est prête à contribuer à une opération de reconquête de Mossoul

Visite officielle d'Haidar al-Abadi en Turquie : Ahmet Davutoğlu a rappelé que la Turquie entraînait déjà les peshmerga et a promis davantage

La Turquie d'Erdogan continue à apporter une aide militaire aux peshmerga irakiens

Les forces armées turques entraînent 230 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak

L'armée turque entraîne les peshmerga kurdes irakiens

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

Al-Jawadiyah : le PDK syrien à commémoré la mort de Nasruddin Birhik

Al-Jawadiyah: PDK‑S remembers slain politician

KURDWATCH, March 4, 2015—On February 22, 2015, the Kurdistan Democratic Party – Syria (PDK‑S) conducted a memorial event near al‑Jawadiyah (Çil Axa) for Nasruddin Birhik, who died on 21. February 2012 following an assassination attempt [further information]. Approximately six thousand people took part in the event. Birhik was a member of the central committee of ʿAbdulhakim Bashar’s Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria (el‑Partî), a predecessor of the PDK‑S. Evidence suggests that Birhik was killed by supporters of the Democratic Union Party (PYD). His death was never properly investigated.
Source : http://www.kurdwatch.org/?aid=3370&z=en&cure=1029

Voir également : Afrin : le PYD kidnappe un membre du PDK syrien

Ahmad Mustafa (révolutionnaire syrien d'origine kurde) : "Je souhaite que les organisations de défense des droits de l'homme fassent pression sur le PYD afin qu'ils me rendent mon fils"

Hassakeh : le PYD arrête trois membres du PDK syrien et ferme le bureau de ce dernier

Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Le gouvernement intérimaire syrien condamne les exactions des YPG à Hassaka

samedi, 07 mars 2015 16:35
Le Gouvernement intérimaire condamne les crimes des Unités de protection du peuple à Al Hassakeh

Les miliciens des Unités de protection du peuple du Parti de l'Union démocratique et les forces du régime mènent une horrible campagne de meurtre et de déplacement de la population syrienne à la campagne d'Al Hassakeh, brûlant et bombardant la région.
Le Gouvernement intérimaire syrien a fermement condamné les pratiques des Unités de protection du peuple et de ses agents contre le peuple syrien dans le gouvernorat d'Al Hassakeh.
Les hommes de ces Unités s'en prennent ainsi à l'unité nationale et portent atteinte à la Révolution Syrienne et ses objectifs, amplifiant les divisions créées par le régime tyrannique au sein du peuple de la nation syrienne. Les civils ont perdu tout espoir d'un soutien politique ou autre face à ces pratiques barbares.
Le Gouvernement intérimaire syrien, a, dans un communiqué, fait porter l'entière responsabilité ces actes et des actes à venir aux Unités de protection du peuple et au Parti de l'Union démocratique. Ces violations doivent cesser.
L'Etat démocratique, pluraliste et civil que la Révolution Syrienne vise à atteindre, et dont beaucoup de Syriens ont et se sont sacrifiés pour, ne pourra voir le jour si ces crimes ne prennent pas fin. Cette autre forme de tyrannie que les Syriens voient apparaître sur leur terre ne doit pas se substituer au terrorisme du régime et à l'extrémisme des terroristes.
Justifier ces crimes en prétendant lutter contre l'organisation terroriste l'Etat Islamique (EI) et ses hommes est inadmissible et ne suit aucune logique politique ou nationale, en plus d'être immoral et inhumain. Ce type d'excuses montre le réel objectif de ces crimes fascistes qui rejoignent en tous points les crimes des régimes despotiques qui ont justifié leurs crimes pendant des décennies en prétendant lutter contre l'ennemi. Les Révolutions du Printemps arabe se sont soulevées pour mettre un terme à l'hégémonie de ces régimes, à l'injustice et aux violations.
Les Syriens, de toutes les composantes, font face à une menace existentielle représentée par le régime d'Assad et ses forces extrémistes. Les Syriens doivent rester unis et ne pas chercher à réaliser leurs propres objectifs qui fragiliseraient et fragmenteraient le pays et le plongeraient dans des conflits sans fins.
Source : http://fr.etilaf.org/all-news/nouvelles-locales/le-gouvernement-interimaire-condamne-les-crimes-des-unites-de-protection-du-peuple-a-al-hassakeh.html

Pour rappel : Sham News Network confirme que les YPG ont incendié des villages arabes à Tall Hamis

Tall Hamis : les YPG pillent et incendient des villages arabes

Voir également : Zahra et Nouboul : le PYD-YPG aide les forces d'Assad contre les rebelles syriens

La collaboration entre le PYD-YPG et la dictature sanguinaire d'Assad

Une carte de France 24 confirme la coopération entre le PYD-YPG et le régime d'Assad (nord-est de la Syrie)

Carnegie Endowment : "il existe des rapports sur des civils arabes fuyant l'avancée de l'YPG plus au Sud"

Qamishli : les YPG torturent à mort un adolescent de 16 ans
 
Ayn al-Arab/Kobanê : la Coalition nationale syrienne accuse les YPG d'avoir tué des civils (faussement présentés comme des combattants de l'EI)
 
Syrie : le PKK-YPG tue des dizaines de civils à Hasaka
 
La Coalition nationale syrienne maintient que le PKK-YPG a commis un massacre de civils dans la région d'Hasaka
 
13 personnes d'une même famille tuées dans le village de Matiniya : un nouveau massacre de civils par le PKK-YPG ?
 
L'opposition syrienne (dont fait partie le Conseil national kurde) accuse le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique

Irak : diverses sources confirment l'existence d'exactions perpétrées par le PKK-YPG dans des villages arabes

lundi 9 mars 2015

Hassaka : une stalinienne afro-allemande est morte dans les rangs des YPG

German Socialist killed in war against IS in Syria
Ivana Hoffman, a African-German member of Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLKP) killed in Hasakah


Basnews
views
08.03.2015  15:36

ERBIL

Ivana Hoffman, a African-German member of Marxist-Leninist Communist Party (MLKP), was killed in fighting against the Islamic state militants in Tel Tamr on 7 March, the MLKP has announced.


Hoffman who was nicknamed Avaşin Tekoşin Güneş was involved in clashes between the IS and the Kurds over Assyrian villages in Tel Tamr, which erupted after the People’s Defence Units (YPG) attacked Tel Hamis and Tel Brak and removed the IS from there.

Hoffman was born in Germany on September 1, 1995, and fought for six months in the Hasakah province against the Islamist state terrorist militia. Her dream was to fight after the war in Syria, in Turkey and the Kurdish dominated southeast of Turkey. “Comrade Avaşin Tekoşin Güneş is immortal,”  the MLKP said in a statement.

The MLKP is a communist party from Turkey, which enjoys good ties to the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK).

The MLKP has send volunteers to Syria to fight with the YPG since 2002, and five of these fighters until now have been killed in the provinces of Hasakah and Kobani. The MLKP also joined PKK-units in Sinjar to fight against the IS militants.

The MLKP reportedly want to form a leftist international brigade modeled after the international brigades that fought in the Spanish civil war.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2015/03/08/german-socialist-killed-in-war-against-is-in-syria/

"German socialist killed fighting with Kurdish forces in Syria
#SyriaWar

Ivana Hoffman is the first Western woman to be killed fighting with the YPG in Syria


Alex MacDonald
Monday 9 March 2015 10:13 GMT
Last update:
Monday 9 March 2015 12:11 GMT

A young German woman has been killed while fighting alongside Kurdish forces against Islamic State militants in northeastern Syria, according to a monitoring group.

The woman, named by some sources as Ivana Hoffman, was killed on Sunday near the town of Tal Tamer where she was assisting the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) in their struggle against the IS fighters.

She is the third Westerner killed among Kurdish ranks in Syria.

Hoffman, who reportedly went by the Turkish nom de guerre Avasin Tekosin Gunes, identified herself as a member of the Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (MLKP), a Hoxhaist party based in Turkey where it is listed by the government as a terrorist organisation.


A photo circulated by MLKP supporters, showing Hoffman holding the MLKP newpaper 'Atilim' ('The Leap'), location uknown.

A statement on the MLKP's website lauding Hoffman’s final hours in Syria reads: “Her dreams are our dreams, her path is our path and her memory is our honour. Comrade Avasin Tekosin Günes is immortal."

A photo, purportedly of Hoffman, taken in Syria.

A video released by the MLKP in January purported to show Hoffman (whose faced is obscured) in the Kurdish region of Syria, also called Rojava, describing her reasons for fighting:

"We are here on the front – IS territory is right behind us," she tells the camera.

"We’ve been here for a week protecting our stronghold in order to defend the Rojava revolution.
My reason for coming to Rojava is to fight for humanity, and for rights. It represents our internationalism. We are here to fight for freedom; Rojava is the beginning. Rojava is our hope."

The MLKP was born in 1994 out of a merger of two former Marxist-Leninist parties. Their armed wing has been responsible for a number of bombings in Turkey, which they repeatedly refer to as a "fascist state", including a bomb attack at the Hilton Istanbul Bosphorous in 2004 in which four people were killed.

On its website, the MLKP alleges it has so far lost five fighters battling IS in Syria and Iraq. They have publicly called for the creation of an “international battalion” to aid the fight against IS.

"The imperialists claim that there are neither revolution nor class struggle in the 21th century,” one member, named Thalmann Demircioglu, is quoted as saying.

“But here in Rojava there is an actual revolution. For this reason all communists and internationalists should come here to defend the revolution with weapons in their hands. The experiences gathered here have to be carried back to the countries to start the revolution their [sic] as well.”
"

Source : http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/female-german-marxist-leninist-killed-fighting-ypg-syria-718535922

On aimerait connaître l'avis des trotskystes (NPA) et des "anarchistes" de France sur le fait que des staliniens assumés coopèrent avec leurs idoles du PKK et se reconnaissent en eux : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marxist%E2%80%93Leninist_Communist_Party_%28Turkey%29

Portrait de Staline sur une bannière brandie par des militants du MLKP à Paris, le 1er Mai 2014 : https://twitter.com/GoyatM/status/461870165819678720/photo/1

Voir également : Plusieurs volontaires chrétiens occidentaux quittent les YPG car rebutés par leur idéologie communiste

Ayn al-Arab/Kobanê : le PYD, un parti communiste, ultra-nationaliste et autoritaire (rappel)

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Barbarie antisémite à Jérusalem : un attentat revendiqué par le FPLP communiste, allié d'Assad et du PKK-PYD-YPG

Les terroristes d'extrême gauche palestiniens du FPLP expriment leur soutien au PKK-YPG à Kobanê

Qui sont les victimes du PKK ?
 
La biographie du terroriste polpotiste Abdullah Öcalan

PKK : les implications théoriques de la loi Cazeneuve

La France voudra-t-elle punir ses combattants anti-djihad ?

Publié à 16h33, le 02 mars 2015, Modifié à 10h21, le 03 mars 2015

Par Pauline Hofmann

Quelques Français ont évoqué leur souhait de combattre l'Etat islamique sur le terrain. Ils veulent s'engager dans des milices en Irak. Mais si elle le souhaite, la France pourrait bien les condamner.

En un an, des centaines d'Occidentaux ont pris les armes en Irak et en Syrie. La majorité d'entre eux sont partis combattre dans les rangs des brigades islamistes, au premier rang desquelles l'organisation Etat islamique. Mais quelques têtes brûlées ont choisi la voie inverse et ont traversé les frontière pour se battre contre ces mêmes djihadistes. Quelques Allemands, Américains ou Néerlandais ont appris à manier la kalachnikov auprès des peshmergas syriens ou irakiens. Pour la toute première fois la semaine dernière, un Occidental est mort dans ce combat. L'Australien Ashley Johnston, engagé auprès des unités kurdes YPG, a été tué dans la bataille de Tall Hamis.

En France, ils sont une petite poignée au moins à envisager de prendre les armes contre l'Etat islamique. Comme ils en ont témoigné auprès d'Europe 1, certains veulent partir défendre les chrétiens pris pour cible par les djihadistes de l'Etat islamique. Si les Français djihadistes peuvent être condamnés à leur retour en France, en sera-t-il de même pour les volontaires anti-djihad ? Eléments de réponse.

La loi Cazeneuve s'appliquerait difficilement. De prime abord, ils ne pourront a priori pas être poursuivis pour les mêmes motifs que les djihadistes, (associations de malfaiteurs en vue de préparer des actes de terrorisme ou entreprise terroriste individuelle, une notion créée par la loi Cazeneuve). S' ils ne vont pas combattre auprès d'une organisation terroriste, comme l'Etat islamique, les branches d'Al-Qaïda en Syrie ou encore le PKK turc, le parquet ne peut que difficilement retenir le premier crime. Impossible aussi de les poursuivre dans le second cas s'ils ne préparent pas d'attentat terroriste à leur retour.


Quel avantage en tireraient-ils ? Les volontaires français n'échapperaient pas pour autant à la loi, selon Thibault de Montbrial, avocat au barreau de Paris et président du Centre de réflexion sur la sécurité intérieure. La loi sur le mercenariat d'avril 2003 interdit à un Français d'être "recruté pour aller combattre dans un conflit armé dans le but d'en obtenir un avantage personnel", détaille l'avocat. Le risque : 5 ans de prison et 75.000 euros d'amende. Mais, "la notion du mercenariat n'est pas fondée essentiellement sur l'argent", précise Elie Hatem, ancien avocat du célèbre mercenaire Bob Denard. Comme le confirme Thibault de Montbrial, "tout le débat porte sur la notion d'avantage, c'est une question d'interprétation".

Et la volonté politique ? Et puis, comme l'envisage Elie Hatem, il serait probablement compliqué de trouver une personne pour porter plainte contre ces mercenaires : "Pouvez-vous imaginer un djihadiste venant se présenter à un poste de police pour dénoncer un combattant français ?". L'Etat français lui-même pourrait bien hésiter à enquêter sur eux. "La question qui va se poser est celle de la cohérence dans la politique du gouvernement", présage Thibault de Montbrial, qui s'interroge : "Le gouvernement va-t-il donner des instructions pour rechercher et intercepter les gens qui participent à ce phénomène nouveau. Ou va-t-il s'abstenir ?"

Certains candidats interrogés par Europe 1 se disent "révoltés" face "aux actes de cruauté" commis par l'organisation Etat islamique en Irak et en Syrie. Des arguments qui ressemblent à s'y méprendre à ceux de la France pour justifier son engagement dans les frappes aériennes de la coalition contre les positions irakiennes de l'Etat islamique. L'avocat Elie Hatem doute d'une quelconque enquête préliminaire lancée par le parquet pour ces combattants volontaires. Une opinion partagée par Thibault de Montbrial, pour qui il "y aurait une contradiction [pour l'Etat français] à les empêcher partir". Il rappelle l'exemple des Français partis combattre dans les milices chrétiennes phalangistes dans les années 60 et 70. A sa connaissance, aucun n'a été poursuivi.
Source : http://www.europe1.fr/faits-divers/la-france-peut-elle-punir-ses-combattants-anti-djihad-2387735

Voir également : Terrorisme : Metin Karasular (un trafiquant de drogue et d'armes proche du PKK) avoue avoir été en contact avec Amedy Coulibaly

France : dix Kurdes de nationalité turque condamnés pour financement du PKK
 
L'Allemagne s'inquiète du fait que certains de ses ressortissants rejoignent les terroristes du PKK

Allemagne : un homme condamné à 6 ans de prison pour son rôle dans le financement du PKK

Terrorisme : l'Etat allemand continue de sévir contre le PKK

Emine Erdogan : les Kurdes de Kobanê sont les "hôtes de la Turquie" jusqu'à la reconstruction de leur ville

Turkey’s biggest refugee camp for displaced Syrians opened
DAILY SABAH
ISTANBUL
Published March 5, 2015

Turkey's biggest refugee camp for displaced Syrians, with a capacity for 35,000 people, was officially opened on Thursday, two months after it started admitting refugees.


First lady Emine Erdoğan, ministers and dignitaries attended the opening ceremony in Suruç, a town in the southeastern province of Şanlıurfa that has seen an influx of Syrian Kurdish refugees from the Syrian town of Kobani on the other side of the border last year.

Speaking at the ceremony, Erdoğan said people of Kobani will be accommodated as "guests of Turkey" until their town is rebuilt. "Our doors are open for all oppressed people. You are our guests," she told a crowd of refugees.

"You may not feel as comfortable as you were back home. Certainly, your children dream of playing out on their own street rather than here and you dream of waking up in your own house. However, we have to face the reality now as long as there are people feeding off the war and terror and as long as the international community supports them," she said, criticizing the regime of Syrian President Bashar Assad.
Source : http://www.dailysabah.com/nation/2015/03/05/turkeys-biggest-refugee-camp-for-displaced-syrians-opened

Voir également : Idam Mohammed (réfugié kurde de Kobanê) : "que Dieu bénisse la Turquie pour tout ce qu'elle a fait pour nous"

La gratitude d'un réfugié kurde de Kobanê : "le gouvernement turc nous a beaucoup aidés"

Turquie : ouverture à Suruç du plus grand camp de réfugiés

La Turquie annonce la construction d'un nouveau camp de réfugiés pour accueillir les Kurdes syriens

Plus de 18.000 Kurdes de Kobanê reçoivent des soins médicaux à Suruç (Turquie)

Qui a réellement sauvé la population kurde de Kobanê ? La Turquie

Le mythe de l'abandon des Kurdes syriens par la Turquie

Kobanê : que fait la Turquie ?

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

La Turquie envoie 634 camions d'aide humanitaire pour les civils de Kobanê

Frontière turco-syrienne : l'armée et la police turques viennent en aide aux malheureux réfugiés kurdes

Turquie : l'afflux de réfugiés kurdes syriens a dépassé le seuil des 130.000 personnes

Question des réfugiés syriens : "La Turquie a épargné à l'Europe une catastrophe humanitaire"

La Turquie : une zone de refuge et d'assistance humanitaires

Idleb (Syrie) : mort d'Abou Omar al-Kurdi (un membre fondateur du Front al-Nosra)




"Middle East
Deaths Reported in Syria of Top Figures in Group Affiliated With Al Qaeda

By BEN HUBBARDMARCH 6, 2015

BEIRUT, Lebanon — A loyalist of Osama bin Laden who trained fighters to battle American troops in Iraq and became a commander of Al Qaeda’s affiliate in Syria was killed there in the last week along with three fellow leaders, according to Syrian insurgents and a monitoring organization.

Reports differed on exactly when and how the commander, Samir Hijazi, and the other leaders of the affiliate, the Nusra Front, were killed. But the deaths of so many top figures, if confirmed, would signal a sharp blow to the Nusra Front, one of the strongest insurgent factions fighting the Syrian government. (...)

Reports that he had been killed in northern Syria along with the other Nusra leaders surfaced on Thursday.

The head of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, who goes by the pseudonym Rami Abdul Rahman for security reasons, said that Mr. Hijazi and another Nusra leader had died on Thursday in Idlib Province, near the Turkish border, but that it remained unclear what had killed them.

The other leader, known as Abu Omar al-Kurdi, was also a veteran jihadist who had been among the Nusra Front’s founding members.


Two other Nusra leaders were killed and several others wounded in an apparent airstrike on their base near the Turkish border on Feb. 27, Mr. Abdul Rahman said."

Source : http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/07/world/middleeast/4-nusra-front-leaders-said-to-be-killed-in-syria.html

Voir également : Islamisme et vocations djihadistes chez les Kurdes

Allemagne : un homme condamné à 6 ans de prison pour son rôle dans le financement du PKK

Europe
German Court Gives Man 6-Year Sentence Over PKK Role

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESSMARCH 6, 2015, 10:02 A.M. E.S.T.

BERLIN — A German court has convicted a man of terrorism charges and sentenced him to six years in prison after finding he ran the finances in Europe of the banned Kurdistan Worker's Party, or PKK.

The Duesseldorf state court said the 49-year-old Turkish national, identified only as Abdullah S. in line with German privacy rules, was convicted Friday of membership in a terrorist organization.

The court found the defendant was a PKK leader in Germany over a decade ago before leaving for northern Iraq. It said that, from 2007 until his arrest in Belgium in 2010, he led the finance office of the PKK's European branch in Antwerp.

Tens of thousands have been killed since the PKK took up arms in 1984 to fight for Kurdish autonomy in southeastern Turkey.
Source : http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/2015/03/06/world/europe/ap-eu-germany-turkey-kurds.html

Voir également : Terrorisme : l'Etat allemand continue de sévir contre le PKK

Philipp Missfelder (porte-parole des affaires étrangères de la CDU-CSU au Bundestag) : "Je suis très heureux que nous ayons tracé une ligne rouge concernant le PKK"

Allemagne : une députée de Die Linke (parti issu de l'ex-SED est-allemand) voit son immunité parlementaire levée pour avoir soutenu les terroristes du PKK

Allemagne : "Le PKK est une organisation terroriste et cela continuera à rester ainsi pour nous" (Thomas de Maiziere)

Allemagne : Frank-Walter Steinmeier dément tout projet d'armement du PKK

L'Allemagne s'inquiète du fait que certains de ses ressortissants rejoignent les terroristes du PKK

Hambourg : une association kurde réprouve les provocations des pro-PKK

Le PKK et le trafic de drogue

jeudi 5 mars 2015

L'influence limitée d'Israël au Kurdistan irakien

Is Israel Losing Favor in Kurdistan?
Turkish money and Iranian coordination in war against ISIS has Kurds poised to pull away from decades-old relations with Israel.


By Gedalyah Reback
First Publish: 3/4/2015, 6:28 PM / Last Update: 3/4/2015, 6:31 PM

Israel trained Kurdish fighters In the 1960s and 1970s to fight the Iraqi government, and in 2004 then-Prime Minister Ariel Sharon reportedly met with Kurdish leaders Jalal Talabani and Massoud Barzani, with Israeli-Kurdish relations an old open secret.

But with Iran’s influence on how Iraq fights Islamic State (ISIS) and Turkey becoming more economically involved with the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) and its capital Irbil, are those ties going to fade away?

Gallia Lindenstrauss, a researcher at the Institute of National Security Studies (INSS), tells Arutz Sheva she is not so  convinced that we have seen the end of ties with the Kurds.

“What I can say is that the Kurds still hold a favorable view of Israel based on its assistance in the past, and also see in many respects similarities between the Kurdish struggle for independence and the Jewish struggle," she said. "Also, the pro-Western orientation of the KRG is a good basis for Kurdish-Israeli relations.”

She did admit there was a balancing act now, especially with Turkey, but she reasons there is no evidence just yet that Turkey is putting pressure on the KRG to make a definitive break with the Israelis.

“One should bear in mind that the KRG is very much dependent on its neighbors, Turkey, but also Iran, so that there is a limit to how far its relations with Israel can develop," Lindenstrauss said.

She continued saying "I think that Turkish dominance over the KRG has been a fact for several years now. Although you would think that because of the crisis in Turkish-Israeli relations that would have had an influence on developments in Kurdish-Israeli relations, I would say that in fact the influence has been minimal.”

According to the researcher, Turkey is significantly invested in Iraqi Kurdistan despite decades of conflict between Ankara and Kurdish national movements in southeastern Turkey. Just last month, Turkey approved a $500 million loan to the Kurdish government to pay government salaries.

So are the Israelis missing out on a chance to equally help the Kurds in the fight against ISIS while Turkey moves in to buy more influence in Irbil?

“Turkey has by now a lot of vested interest in the success of the KRG and Israel cannot in any scenario assist the Kurds in the scope the Turks can, and hence I think Israel acknowledges Turkey’s dominance and the ways it does assist the KRG are in a large degree in line with Turkey’s interests," she said.

On the subject of defense assistance, Lindenstrauss says she only relies on open sources, so she cannot speak to how extensive or minimal any Israeli effort to train or equip the Peshmerga (the KRG’s security forces) in the battle against ISIS. She did emphasize though that Jerusalem might have a token role to play in advocating the Kurds get more military hardware in spite of the fact many Western leaders are already pushing for more arms.

“What the Kurds really need for this is more armament, but it is clear that it would be best if most of this armament will come from Western countries. Israeli officials/commentators can try and make the case for sending more armaments to the Kurds."

So where does Iran come in?

As mentioned, Iran is playing a massive role in Iraq’s counterinsurgency against ISIS. As a result, the Kurdish Regional Government has found itself speaking with Tehran more often than in the past. It is not clear though if Jerusalem is working to put a wedge in that new alliance and try to make more efforts to help the Kurds.

“I don’t know of any official strategy, but it is true that Israel would much prefer that the struggle against ISIS will not lead, or at least not to a great extent, to the strengthening of Iran’s position in the region,"
Lindenstrauss said. "In this respect it is obvious that Israel has an interest that the Kurds will be successful vis-à-vis ISIS.”

Those new defense ties to Iran and the economic ties to Turkey might not be as influential as some people might speculate. Kurdistan last year sent a tanker toward Israel with a shipment of oil, in spite of Baghdad’s non-recognition of the Israeli government.

After being forced to dock in Texas for months, the shipment finally docked in Israel last week. It could be though that more than being a gesture of good will to the Israelis, it is a statement to Iraq’s central government.

“I think the oil shipments are less about increasing the ties with Israel and more about the realities of the economic needs of the KRG and its political discussions with Baghdad," the expert commented.

Does Israel want to open up a silent economic partnership with Kurdistan as a prelude to a relationship with an independent Kurdish state in the future? For now, Israel is ready to wait it out.

“As Iraq is still defined as an enemy state, Israel is much less concerned compared to other states of trading directly with the KRG, since it anyhow does not receive its oil from other parts of Iraq. Hence, buying or transferring oil from the KRG is not a big risk for Israel.“
Source : http://www.israelnationalnews.com/News/News.aspx/192146

Voir également : Les liens de dépendance du Kurdistan irakien à l'égard de la Turquie d'Erdogan

Bagdad demande à la Turquie de cesser de soutenir financièrement le Kurdistan irakien

La Turquie d'Erdogan aurait secrètement payé deux mois de salaires pour les fonctionnaires du Kurdistan irakien

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

Les officiels du GRK ont accepté de recevoir l'Iranien Mohammad Jafari Sahraroudi (assassin d'Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou)

Soulaimaniyeh : accord sous influence iranienne entre les partis UPK et Gorran

Irak, 1941 : le soutien kurde au coup d'Etat pro-nazi et antisémite de Rachid Ali Gaylani

Irak, 1941 : les Kurdes, "troupes de choc"... au service de l'Axe

L'antisémitisme kurde

Muhammad Haji Mamoud (vétéran des peshmerga) : "La Turquie et les Etats-Unis veulent créer des gardes nationales composées de sunnites [arabes] pour supplanter l'EI"

Interview
Legendary Peshmerga leader on fighting ISIS

By Nawzad Mahmoud 25/2/2015

Muhammad Haji Mamoud, head of the Kurdistan Socialist Party, is one of the most well-known Kurdish war veterans. To his friends and followers he known affectionately as Kaka Hama.

Since the ISIS attack on Iraq last June, Kaka Hama has been in command of a large Peshmerga force south of Kirkuk where in December his son Atta was killed by an ISIS sniper while trying to retake a village from the jihadists.

Rudaw: All the battlefronts are led by a senior political party official, which means veteran Peshmerga, who have experience guerilla fighting in the mountains. Has this leadership been useful in the fight against ISIS?

Muhammad Haji Mahmoud: Undoubtedly, the commanders of the mountains have some fighting experience that can be utilized in all battles, not only against ISIS. All the commanders have a long experience. They are more patient and more resilient during attacks and counterattacks. They also know how to treat the Peshmerga fighters who are with them. The senior Peshmerga fighters know how to increase the morale of the younger Peshmerga. They also know the enemy better.

When I went to Qara Tepe, several Peshmerga veterans were martyred after an explosion and I saw their prosthetic legs on the ground in the aftermath of the explosion. This showed that some of the veteran Peshmerga were handicapped.

The new Peshmerga forces did not see the battles in the mountains and they have not been trained for long-term fighting. Thirty years of battle experience is significant. These politburo members that you see here were previously commanders and led battles in the mountains.

Rudaw: Did the president of the Kurdistan region ask you to join the battle?

MHM: When ISIS attacks Shangal, Zummar, Qara Tepe, and Makhmour, their real goal is Kirkuk. When ISIS attacks Qara Tepe, they intend to reach Duz, and from there towards Daquq and Kirkuk.

And when they attack Gwer, they intend to reach Sargaran, then to Bay Hassan and then approach Kirkuk. This means Kirkuk is the main target.

I got injured in Kirkuk in 1991. I went to Kirkuk again after the formation of the Tigris Forces and remained there. I learned then that the Ministry of Peshmerga did not like it when I went to Kirkuk.

After ISIS began its moves, I gathered a force and went to Kirkuk because I knew the big threat was targeting Kirkuk. It was then that the president of Kurdistan made a phone call and told me that Kirkuk was in danger.

President Masoud - Barzani - told me that one of us had to be in Kirkuk, because Kirkuk needed a bigger support and force. I considered it a national duty and was ready to go.

Rudaw: All the weapons of ISIS are targeting Kirkuk. There may also be a threat posed by the Shiite Popular Mobilization forces (PMF), which are at the gate of Kirkuk. What do you think?

MHM: When you talk about Kirkuk, many other groups consider it as their own.  Baghdad, the Arab states, Turkey, Iran, and even the United States interfere and talk about this city. Despite the threats, there is just as much protections to prevent it from falling into the hands of one group. They want to keep it under the control of a trustworthy group, to say the least. There is currently an understanding that this trustworthy group is the Kurdish one.

Rudaw: Is this understanding shared by the international powers?

MHM: If this was not so, the US would not send its planes to protect Kirkuk, which they know is protected by the Kurds.

It has become clear that the Iraqi PM, Haider al Abadi, is not the ruler of all Iraq, as ISIS is controlling parts of Iraq that are twice as big as Lebanon. All the roads are controlled by ISIS and you can only visit Baghdad by planes. There are no safe roads between Kurdistan and the Shiite regions.

The Kurds have the Peshmerga forces, the Shiites have the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) and ISIS is in the Sunni regions. There are no Kurdish or Sunni MPs from the Shiite regions, no Shiite or Sunni MPs from the Kurdish regions, and no Shiite or Kurdish MPs from the Sunni regions. The political powers of the president, the prime minister, and the parliament are divided among these three groups.

The only common thing among these three groups was the Iraqi Army, but even that does not exist anymore. There is nothing left that binds the Kurds, Shiites, and the Sunnis together. The country has practically been divided.

Rudaw: The Kurds do not want to repeat what happened in Jalawla and Saadiya [towns that were liberated from ISIS by Shiite militia], so they do not want to allow the Shiite militia into Kirkuk.

MHM: The Shiite militia has not asked to enter Kirkuk yet, but I do not know whether they have discussed this issue with other political parties or not. We thank and support all the forces that fight against ISIS, but the PMF can fight their own war without entering Kirkuk.

They can go to Amirli, from there to Hawija and then to Rashad. The Shiite militia have set up four training camps around Kirkuk, because this area is safer for them. They are working to secure the roads between Baghdad, Tikrit and [Tuz] Khurmato. They should better try to free Anbar and Mosul instead, right?

Rudaw: You have experienced fighting against Saddam [Hussein] and ISIS, what are the differences between fighting against Saddam’s army and ISIS?

MHM: There are battles that last for more than one hour to several months, we call those field battles. Saddam had a regular army that was well armed and organized. The Iraqi army had the latest weapons and planes, which could stand and fight against the millions of soldiers of the Iranian army for eight years.

ISIS is not comparable to the Iraqi army. ISIS is a suicidal force. There is another difference, in the past, only five percent of Peshmerga fighters had children and wives, the rest of them were only thinking about how to defeat the enemy and win the fight. Now the majority of the Peshmerga fighters have families and they think about the livelihood of their children as well.

Rudaw: There are Arabs and foreign fighters among the ISIS militias, which of these groups are fiercer fighters?

MHM: There are few foreign fighters among ISIS members. The majority of their fighters are Arabs. The foreigners are told that they are fighting for a religious cause, but the Arabs are fighting for land and the future of their children in the region.

Therefore, the fight against the Arabs is harder than fighting the foreigners. We consider the Arabic region as foreign land and we do not sacrifice our lives for it.


Rudaw: The Kurds have not launched any attacks against ISIS for about a month, what is the reason behind this?

MHM: Military operations are sensitive and cannot be shared with the media, but any military operation would need thorough proper planning. We need arms, bulldozers, trucks, food, uniforms, and back-up forces.

Before capturing an area, we have to carefully study the strategic benefits of that location, and how to protect it. Also, money is needed for every military operation, in addition to coordination with the coaltion forces.

Rudaw: What about the weather?

MHM: I have always reiterated that the Peshmerga forces must recapture all its territories before the heat of summer arrives.

Rudaw: Let’s talk about the evening your son was martyred, the videos show that you were signaling to him to be more careful. Were you expecting something to happen?

MHM: ISIS launched an attack and captured Tel al-Ward. It was a threat against Kirkuk and we could not leave it under their control.

The majority of the forces were waiting for an airstrike, but it was the first attack that we launched without air support. They told me many times to wait for air-support, but I knew it was too dangerous for Kirkuk to let ISIS settle inside Tel al-War. It was dark when we launched the attack.

I was constantly watching over the Peshmerga fighters, including my son. The cost was heavy because we lost many men. But the victory was also big, because we liberated the area without real support. Undoubtedly, I felt that something would happen because I thought the planes might hit us by mistake later on. I was not sure that I would make it out alive either.

Rudaw: Have the Peshmerga become accustomed to ISIS’s fighting tactics?

MHM: They are better than before. We would suffer fewer losses if we had better knowledge about the battlefields. In most of the battlefields we do not see the enemy very often and we lose more men in this way. Heavy weapons are also important in our battles, although we have used Milan missiles [light anti-tank infantry missile] only twice.

Rudaw: The Kurds sacrificed a lot to liberate Jalawla and now it seems to be under the Shiite militia.

MHM: Jalawla is under the control of the Peshmerga forces. But what I see as important is not to allow those who were against the Kurds to return back to Jalawla. I believe the militia are in agreement with the Kurds on this.

The houses and the lands of Jalawla are still registered in the names of their Kurdish owners despite the Arabization process. Militarily and strategically this town must be under the Kurdish control, in order to protect Khanaqin, Kalar, and Kifri.

Turkey and the US want to create national guards for the Sunnis to replace ISIS, which means creating a force from moderate Muslims. They will be fighting the Kurds as well, I am sure of this. The US has marginalized the Kurds many times, and this time it is because of its new policy for the Sunnis in Iraq.

Rudaw: What has the KRG done about this?

MHM: I do not understand why the KRG is not doing anything about it. The war has been going on for eight months, and the KRG should announce a state of emergency. The KRG should have made this decision eight months ago.
Two people got killed in France and the whole country went into a state of emergency. We have been fighting ISIS for eight months and the state of emergency has not been declared.

Without the state of emergency, the teachers will come to the street and demand to be paid their salaries. People will go to mountains for picnic, and people will demand social services. At least we should announce a state of emergency in Kirkuk, Khanaqin, and Shingal.

When I want to quickly mobilize a force to Kirkuk, I cannot because of the civilian vehicles that are blocking the streets. There is a war out there and I need to mobilize my forces quickly. Why doesn’t the KRG declare a state of emergency? If you don’t people will demand salaries, picnics and other things. People are going out for vacation via the airport every day, and government officials and MPs travel abroad, how can this be? This country is going through war!

At least the Ministries of Peshmerga, Social Works, Human Rights, and Interior should declare a state of emergency for themselves and each front should have its own operation room.
Source : http://rudaw.net/english/interview/25022015

Voir également : Irak : les peshmerga sont dans l'incapacité d'avancer profondément dans les zones arabo-sunnites

Les peshmerga kurdes ne méritent pas leur haute réputation militaire

Nord de l'Irak : les visées territoriales des peshmerga suscitent la colère des Arabes sunnites

Université de Kirkouk : tensions entre Kurdes et Arabes à l'occasion de la "journée du drapeau du Kurdistan"

Diyala : des tribus arabes sunnites se retournent contre l'Etat islamique... et contre les peshmerga

Irak : l'Allemagne se dit prête à entraîner des Arabes sunnites, et pas seulement des Kurdes