mardi 30 décembre 2014

Islamisme et vocations djihadistes chez les Kurdes

Les Kurdes, combien de divisions ?
Des vocations djihadistes

par Allan Kaval, novembre 2014

Les formations politiques et militaires séculières qui dominent un espace kurde extrêmement divers ne représentent pas l’ensemble des courants politiques qui le traversent. Très majoritairement sunnites, ces populations d’origine indo-européenne ne sont aucunement immunisées contre l’islamisme radical et les vocations djihadistes.


Au Kurdistan irakien, la région d’Halabja abritait jusqu’au début des années 2000 des groupes djihadistes armés kurdes qui accueillirent Abou Moussab Al-Zarkaoui, l’ancien chef d’Al-Qaida en Irak, décédé en 2006. Le Front Al-Nosra comme l’Organisation de l’Etat islamique comptent un contingent important de combattants kurdes, parmi lesquels on retrouve des officiers supérieurs qui participent à la bataille de Kobané.

Par ailleurs, les réseaux de recrutement djihadistes en Turquie sont loin d’être absents des villes majoritairement kurdes. Durant le siège de Kobané, des combats de rue ont opposé les partisans du PKK aux membres de la mouvance islamique kurde. En cas d’installation en Turquie d’un climat de violence insurrectionnel durable, il y aurait autant à craindre des affrontements des émeutiers avec la police que des violences entre groupes politiques kurdes opposés.

Allan Kaval
Journaliste.
Source : http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2014/11/KAVAL/50967

Voir également : Au total, 500 Kurdes du Kurdistan irakien ont rejoint l'EI, dont trois mollah employés par l'administration kurde

Selon un commandant des peshmerga, l'EI a utilisé des Kurdes comme éclaireurs pour son offensive sur le Kurdistan irakien

Attentat-suicide de l'EI à Erbil : l'auteur est Abdulrahman al-Kurdi, un Kurde

Kulajo (Irak) : le kamikaze de l'EI aurait été kurde

L'ancien gardien de but (kurde) du club d'Halabja est mort dans les rangs de l'EI

Irak-Syrie : trois jeunes Kurdes iraniens (originaires de Mahabad) tués dans les rangs de l'EI

Syrie : un Kurde de Diyarbakır est mort au combat dans les rangs de l'Etat islamique

Kobanê : des Kurdes (irakiens et syriens) apportent une aide cruciale à l'EI

Région d'Alep : 30 villages kurdes prêtent allégeance à l'EI

"Génocide" des Kurdes ? Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (un Kurde d'Halabja) commande l'offensive de l'EI sur Kobanê

Le frère du commandant Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (EI) était lui aussi djihadiste

Wassim Nasr : "on trouve même des Kurdes, notamment dans la ville d’Halabja, qui rejoignent les rangs des djihadistes de l’Etat islamique"

Les Kurdes et l'EIIL

Allemagne : l'Etat islamique attire de jeunes Kurdes

Kurdistan irakien : les partis islamistes kurdes s'élèvent contre le principe de l'égalité homme-femme et la laïcité

Kurdistan irakien : le leader islamiste kurde Ali Bapir déclare que les Yézidis et YPG (communistes) morts au combat ne sont pas des martyrs

Ad-Darbasiyah : de jeunes hommes sont enrôlés de force par le PYD

Ad-Darbasiyah: PYD forcibly recruits young men

KURDWATCH, December 21, 2014—On December 6, 2014, employees of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), took young men between the ages of eighteen and thirty at several checkpoints in ad‑Darbasiyah in order to recruit them against their will for the PYD’s People’s Defense Units (YPG). There is no information available about the exact number of people who were kidnapped.
Source : http://kurdwatch.org/index.php?aid=3299&z=en&cure=1016

Voir également : Ad-Darbasiyah : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) abat un "conscrit" qui s'était évadé d'une prison

Qamishli : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) attaque une manifestation contre l'enrôlement forcé dans les YPG

Syrie : le PKK-YPG "recrute" toujours des enfants soldats

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Hassakeh : le PYD arrête trois membres du PDK syrien et ferme le bureau de ce dernier

PYD Arrests Three Members of KDP-S in Hasakah
KDP-S office in Hasakah closed


Basnews  |  Muhamad Ali

30.12.2014  11:07

HASAKAH

In the Kurdish city of Hasakah in Syrian Kurdistan, security forces from the ruling Democratic Union Party (PYD) have attacked the office of the Kurdistan Democratic Party – Syria (KDP-S) and arrested three members of the KDP-S political bureau.


Kurdish activists in Hasakah told BasNews that security officers of the Syrian Kurdish PYD entered the offices of KDP-S on Sunday and arrested the senior members of the KDP-S.

According to information given to BasNews by activists in the city, four vehicles of PYD gunmen entered the KDP-S office in Hasakah and accusing the party of not having a license to operate an office.

They then arrested three members of the KDP-S – Raman Hami, Aram Sleman and Anas Fayeq. They are political bureau members and leaders of the party in the city.

PYD security removed all pictures from the office as well as closing it down,
according to the activists in the city.

This is not the first time that PYD security have arrested KDP-S members in Syrian Kurdistan, and they have often prevented KDP-S leaders entering Syrian Kurdistan from the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

On October, Kurdish Syrian parties signed an accord in the Iraqi Kurdistan region under the supervision of KRG President Massoud Barzani. Based on the agreement, the PYD agreed to share power in Syrian Kurdistan with other Kurdish parties.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/30/pyd-arrests-three-members-of-kdp-s-in-hasakah/

Voir également : Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

Sinjar : les YPG empêchent l'ouverture d'un centre médical

YPG Prevents Medical Center Opening Near Sinjar
YPG fighters stop any KRG establishments in the area


Basnews  |  Hoshmand Sadiq

28.12.2014  15:21

ERBIL

People’s Protection Units (YPG) fighters have stopped the establishment of a medical clinics in the Khanasor community of the Snune area near the town of Sinjar.


A source close to the matter exclusively told BasNews, “After the liberation of many areas around Sinjar, medical center employees returned to the community and wanted to re-open the center to help the people of the area and Peshmerga forces, but YPG fighters prevented them from doing so.”
The source continued, “The reason that the YPG fighters did this is because they have announced that there shall not be any Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) establishments in the area.”

“After the Peshmerga freed areas around Sinjar, YPG fighters have arrived and established checkpoints in some places. Sometimes they prevent people and Peshmerga from moving to those areas, whereas the Peshmerga forces haven’t prevented the YPG from moving to any areas,” said the source.

The mayor of Sinjar Maisar Haji confirmed the news to BasNews.


“We are in contact with the players in the region, including KRG and YPG fighters, in order to solve the issue and open the medical center as soon as possible,” said Haji.

Earlier this month, Kurdish Peshmerga forces with the support of United States-led coalition forces were able to clear a large swat of Sinjar area in northern Iraq and there have been reports that YPG fighters have been active in the area as well.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/28/ypg-prevents-medical-center-opening-near-sinjar/

Voir également : Les opérations dans le Sinjar suscitent des tensions internes chez les cadres du PKK-KCK

Violente campagne de dénigrement du PKK-YPG contre le PDK de Barzani

7 août 2014 : l'assassinat d'Osman "Şoreş" Baliç (dissident du PKK) et de sa fille (de 3 ans) au Kurdistan irakien

Dans le cadre de sa visite officielle en Irak, le Premier ministre turc Ahmet Davutoğlu s'est rendu dans le camp de réfugiés yézidis de Dohouk

Turquie : Erdogan accueille une délégation de Yézidis dans le palais présidentiel

dimanche 28 décembre 2014

Touz Khourmatou : des manifestants accusent les miliciens chiites du meurtre d'un imam kurde

Kurdish Imam killed in Tuz Khurmatu, causing public outrage
By RUDAW 20 hours ago

TUZ KHURMATU — A Kurdish Imam was shot dead on Saturday afternoon in the disputed town of Tuz Khurmatu, causing outrage among the local population.

Following the burial procession of Imam Salah Mullah Jamal, who leads congregational prayers at the Imam of Hussein Mala Wahab Mosque protests ensued.

Protesters accused armed Shiite militiamen in the town of orchestrating the killing,
Rudaw's correspondent said.

Tuz Khurmatu, a town in Salahaddin province falls under Iraq’s “disputed territories,” which are claimed by the Iraqi government in Baghdad, and the autonomous Kurdistan region in the north.

The Kurdistan Region’s Parliamentary speaker Yousif Muhammed said the strategic town was part of Kurdistan in July 2014.

Since the Islamic State militants forced the Iraqi army to desert their positions in June 2014, the Kurdistan Regional Government moved Peshmerga forces to fill the vacuum. The Kurdish Peshmerga forces have since controlled most of the “disputed territories”, including the oil-rich Kirkuk.
Source : http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/271220143

Voir également : Les autorités religieuses du Kurdistan irakien accusent les milices chiites de provocations dans la région de Garmiyan

Le Kurde Hoshyar Zebari (PDK) reproche au pouvoir arabo-chiite de Bagdad d'avoir soutenu à fonds perdus des milices chiites ultra-violentes

Touz Khourmatou : la milice chiite Badr a arrêté plusieurs peshmerga et les a envoyés à Bagdad

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : une milice chiite kidnappe six peshmerga

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : climat de tension entre peshmerga et milices chiites

Les opérations dans le Sinjar suscitent des tensions internes chez les cadres du PKK-KCK

Sinjar Liberation Creates Tension Among PKK Leaders
KCK leader Cemil Bayik says Iraq should remain as one country


Basnews  |  Nuwar Faqie

27.12.2014  12:21

ERBIL

Tensions have arisen between Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) leaders after the co-chair of Kurdish Communities Union (KCK) prepared some PKK fighters to take part in the operation to free the Kurdish majority town of Sinjar in northern Iraq.


Aa anonymous source told BasNews that PKK co-founder and co-chair of the KCK Cemil Bayik together with Durhan Kalkan prepared a large number of PKK fighters to participate in liberating Sinjar, but former co-chair of the KCK Morad Qarailan disagreed with Bayik and stood against the decision.

The source said that Qarailan told Bayik to protect the unity of Kurds and not to do something that will harm the unity or cause tensions among Kurdish political parties in the Iraqi Kurdistan Region.

In his speech to Bayik, Qarailan has noted that there are enough Peshmerga forces ready to participate in the operation. Therefore, there was no need for PKK fighters to be sent there.

“Qrailan has told Bayik that sending PKK fighters to Sinjar should only be upon the request of Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani. If Barzani asks for PKK fighters then fighters can be sent,” said the source.

A few days ago in an interview with Guardian, Bayik said that Sinjar is part of Iraq [not Kurdistan Region] and that Iraq should remian as one country, a statement that caused some tensions among political parties of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/27/sinjar-liberation-causes-tension-among-pkk-leaders/

Voir également : Un combattant tribal yézidi du Sinjar : "Nous voulons tuer des musulmans. Nous voulons en tuer beaucoup. Plus nous en tuerons, mieux ce sera."

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Violente campagne de dénigrement du PKK-YPG contre le PDK de Barzani

7 août 2014 : l'assassinat d'Osman "Şoreş" Baliç (dissident du PKK) et de sa fille (de 3 ans) au Kurdistan irakien

Echec du pankurdisme : le projet de conférence nationale kurde repoussé aux calendes grecques

Cizre : accrochages entre Kurdes pro-PKK et Kurdes islamistes

Turquie
Des morts dans des affrontements entre Kurdes

Mis à jour le 27.12.2014

Deux groupes rivaux turcs, rebelles et islamiques, se sont battus près de la Syrie. Ces batailles font craindre l'échec des pourparlers entre la Turquie et le PKK.

Trois personnes ont été tuées ce samedi 27 décembre dans des affrontements entre rebelles kurdes et un groupe islamiste kurde rival dans le sud-est de la Turquie, près de la frontière syrienne, selon le bureau du gouverneur local.

Deux personnes sont mortes sur place et la troisième des suites de ses blessures à l'hôpital, a précisé cette même source, à Sanliurfa (sud-est de la Turquie).

Tentes du PKK attaquées

Les tensions se sont aggravées à Cizre depuis qu'un groupe de musulmans sunnites du mouvement Huda-Par a attaqué vendredi soir des tentes appartenant aux rebelles du Parti des travailleurs kurdes (PKK) interdit en Turquie, a expliqué une source sécuritaire à l'AFP.

Hüda-Par, connu pour être la branche politique du Hezbollah turc, a toujours été hostile au PKK – qui a mené une rébellion pendant trente ans contre les autorités turques dans le sud-est de la Turquie.

Des affrontements sporadiques étaient toujours en cours à Cizre, a ajouté cette même source.

L'un des morts était le père d'un dirigeant du mouvemet Hüda-Par, selon un média local.

Affrontements depuis octobre

De violents combats de rue entre le groupe Hüda-Par et le PKK ont eu lieu dans le sud-est de la Turquie en octobre, alors que le groupe Etat islamique (EI) combattait les forces kurdes dans la ville à majorité kurde de Kobane, de l'autre côté de la frontière, en Syrie.

Ankara a refusé de participer à l'intervention militaire contre les djihadistes de l'EI, ce qui a provoqué la colère des Kurdes de Turquie qui sont descendus dans la rue en octobre. Ces manifestations ont été le théâtre d'affrontements meurtriers entre Kurdes du PKK et forces de l'ordre, mais aussi entre militants kurdes et partisans de partis islamistes comme le mouvement Hüda-Par.

Ces troubles ont fait craindre que le conflit concernant Kobane ne fasse capoter les pourparlers entre le gouvernement turc et le PKK en vue d'un accord de paix. (afp/Newsnet)

Créé: 27.12.2014, 23h05
Source : http://www.24heures.ch/monde/asie-oceanie/Des-morts-dans-des-affrontements-entre-Kurdes/story/10301860

Clashes Between PKK and Kurdish Islamists in Turkey
PKK members accuse Huda-Par of supporting Islamic State


Basnews  |  Karzan Sabah Hawrami

28.12.2014  14:41

CIZRE

Clashes continue in southeastern Turkey between members of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and the Free Cause Party (Huda Par), an affiliate of Hizbollah.

Turkish political analysts believe that the clashes will not be in the interests of either party.

On Saturday afternoon, members of both parties clashed in Şırnak, a Kurdish majority district located in the southeast of Turkey, which resulted in the death of three civilians and three others wounded.

News reports state that during the burial of a PKK fighter, slogans that provoked Huda-Par members were read.

Subsequently, small clashes broke between PKK and Huda-Par members, and the clashes grew into a full-blown street fight.

After the arrival of a PKK protestor in Diyarbakir hospital, hundreds of PKK members began protesting, leading to battles with Turkish police. Security forces went to the Huda-Par supporters’ strong hold in the city to protect the party office.

The head of Huda-Par Hussein Yilmaz claimed that members of the PKK attacked their supporters, provoking Huda-Par members who, he says, were forced to respond to the actions of the PKK.


On Saturday night, Turkish police and security forces were  deployed in the Diyarbakir and Şırnak areas.

Turkish political analysts believe that the conflict between the Kurdish parties of PKK and Huda-Par will have a negative impact on the area as well as the Kurdish peace process with Ankara government.


Meanwhile, PKK members have accused Huda-Par of helping and supporting Islamic State (IS) militants.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/28/clashes-between-pkk-and-kurdish-islamists-in-turkey/

Voir également : Turquie : affrontements meurtriers entre Kurdes pro-PKK et Kurdes islamistes du Hizbullah

Turquie, EI et PKK : quand les médias dérapent au détriment de l'éthique journalistique

Turquie : des familles kurdes endeuillées par la faute des suppôts du PKK

Manifestations violentes en Turquie : le député Altan Tan (HDP) critique son propre parti et salue l'attitude responsable de Devlet Bahçeli (leader du MHP)

Turquie : des intellectuels kurdes critiquent le parti HDP pour son appel irresponsable à manifester (et ce alors qu'il a voté contre la motion parlementaire turque)

Turquie : après le vote de la motion autorisant une intervention militaire, les milieux extrémistes kurdes déclenchent de graves émeutes...

Kurdistan irakien : le leader islamiste kurde Ali Bapir déclare que les Yézidis et YPG (communistes) morts au combat ne sont pas des martyrs

vendredi 26 décembre 2014

Visite officielle d'Haidar al-Abadi en Turquie : Ahmet Davutoğlu a rappelé que la Turquie entraînait déjà les peshmerga et a promis davantage

Coalition
La Turquie aidera l'Irak contre le groupe Etat islamique

Mis à jour le 25.12.2014

Le premier ministre irakien a déclaré que l'EI menaçait toute la région, pas uniquement les pays concernés. La Turquie entraîne déjà des combattants kurdes pershmerga.


La Turquie a promis ce jeudi 25 décembre à l'Irak de joindre ses forces dans la lutte contre le groupe Etat islamique, tout en continuant de qualifier les kurdes du PKK «d'organisation terroriste».


Toute la région menacée

«ISIS (l'un des acronymes du groupe Etat islamique, ndlr) menace non seulement la sécurité de l'Irak et de la Turquie mais aussi celle de la région toute entière», a déclaré le Premier ministre irakien Haidar al-Abadi lors d'une conférence de presse commune à Ankara avec son homologue turc Ahmet Davutoglu.

«Nous pouvons vaincre cette organisation en unissant toutes nos forces, avec le soutien des pays dans la région», a ajouté le Premier ministre irakien. Son homologue turc s'était lui-même rendu en visite en Irak en novembre.

M. Al-Abadi a demandé à son hôte turc son soutien dans le partage des renseignements, l'entraînement militaire et l'armement pour combattre l'EI. Les djihadistes contrôlent une partie des territoires de l'Irak et de la Syrie jusqu'à la frontière turque et la ville-symbole de Kobané.

Des soldats déjà à l'entrainement

M. Davutoglu a répondu que la Turquie entraînait déjà des combattants kurdes pershmerga engagés dans la lutte contre ce groupe. «Nous sommes ouverts à toutes les idées» pour étendre le soutien d'Ankara à Bagdad, a-t-il ajouté.


La Turquie et l'Irak partagent «une conception commune pour combattre toutes les organisations terroristes dans la région», a-t-il ajouté, mentionnant l'EI mais aussi le Parti des travailleurs du Kurdistan (PKK), qui mène depuis 1984 la guérilla sur le sol turc.

M. Davutoglu a accusé les rebelles du PKK de lancer «des attaques contre la Turquie en utilisant le territoire irakien».


Sur ce sujet, la politique turque s'oppose frontalement à celle des Etats-Unis et des Occidentaux, qui ont fait des djihadistes du groupe EI leur principal ennemi, alors qu'Ankara semble principalement s'inquiéter de l'activité des mouvements kurdes, aussi bien turcs que syriens.

En novembre, le président turc Recep Tayyip Erdogan a qualifié de «terroriste» le principal parti kurde de Syrie (PYD), à la pointe du combat contre l'EI dans la ville de Kobané, au même titre que le mouvement du PKK.

«Nous voulons exporter du pétrole à travers la Turquie», a par ailleurs déclaré le Premier ministre irakien. «C'est dans l'intérêt de l'Irak».


(afp/Newsnet)

Créé: 25.12.2014, 18h40
Source : http://www.tdg.ch/monde/asie-oceanie/La-Turquie-aidera-l-Irak-contre-le-groupe-Etat-islamique/story/23252199

Voir également : Arrivée en Turquie d'un deuxième groupe de peshmerga irakiens

Les forces armées turques entraînent 230 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak

L'armée turque entraîne les peshmerga kurdes irakiens

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

La Turquie d'Erdogan aurait secrètement payé deux mois de salaires pour les fonctionnaires du Kurdistan irakien

Coopération contre le PKK : visite de Feridun Sinirlioğlu à Bagdad prévue

lundi 22 décembre 2014

Un combattant tribal yézidi du Sinjar : "Nous voulons tuer des musulmans. Nous voulons en tuer beaucoup. Plus nous en tuerons, mieux ce sera."

Band battles Islamic State over Mount Sinjar in Iraq
Jonathan Krohn, Special for USA TODAY 6:20 p.m. EST December 7, 2014

MOUNT SINJAR, Iraq — Kawa scrambles down the hill at a rapid clip in his ragged, knock-off Adidas Center Court III sneakers. His green kaffiyeh, tied around his head like a bandana, flaps behind him in the wind as he runs through the rocky, desert terrain at the foot of Mount Sinjar. He shrinks into a dot as he runs, hurtling into the distance past the sand dunes, his AK-47 rattling against his back, until he disappears into a cave.

Inside Kawa's cave sits a hodgepodge of men from a variety of backgrounds. Kawa is an Iranian Kurd and member of the armed wing of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) battling the Islamic State to regain territory lost in August, when the militants seized the surrounding area and brutalized the population.

His men include Turkish Kurds and local Yazidis, a religious sect persecuted by the Islamic State, as well as at least one non-Kurdish Turk, Ozgur, who is a member of the Turkish Communist Party.

Kawa's unit of 31 — including 20 local tribal members — is on the front lines of the fighting, about 2 miles west of the town of Sinjar, where they keep a watchful eye on Iraq's Highway 47, the only route under the Islamic State's complete control going directly from Mosul to Syria. The militants seized control of Mosul, Iraq's second-largest city, in June.

The Islamic State enslaved hundreds of Yazidi women and girls, looted houses and killed an unknown number of other Yazidis, sending the remainder fleeing to this mountain.

The two sides have fought to a stalemate, the front lines barely moving at all.

Highway 47 has been a key source of trade and logistical support for the militants. "They stole Yazidi stuff and took it to the Syria side," says Kawa, who will give only his first name, like most fighters here. "Sometimes we see them take weapons from Syria to Mosul and sometimes from Mosul to Syria."

Inside the cave, Kawa and his men listen to mortar shells ring out a few hundred yards away. Kawa talks about the new recruits the PKK has trained for the past few months. "They're good fighters," but training them is difficult because of cultural differences, he says. He says there are 400 PKK fighters in the area and 300 of the new Yazidi recruits. Both are represented here.

Down the road from Kawa's cave sits a boneyard of cars, trucks and tractors abandoned by fleeing Yazidis. It is the makeshift base of the 20 tribal fighters working alongside Kawa. They've been here since August, they say, and are quite bitter about what happened four months ago.

"We want to kill Muslims," says Salem Shamo, one of the tribal fighters. "We want to kill many. The more the better."


The sense of hate is palpable under the midday sun. That hate, combined with broad suspicion, has produced a feeling that no one else is to be trusted. "Nobody is going to benefit the Yazidi people besides Yazidis," says Haider Hassan, another tribal fighter.


The PKK forces, along with the Yazidis they've trained and the tribal fighters, man four outposts along the hill. From one of the outposts, a tribal fighter looks through binoculars. Across the street, he sees a building he says is the Islamic State's local base.

Two days ago, Kawa says, he led a raid on one of the nearby checkpoints. A round goes off, aimed at another outpost. "Sometimes IS shoots us, sometimes we shoot them," Kawa says.

The coalition with the tribal fighters here is not unique. All around Sinjar, tribal fighters have teamed up with the PKK and the Yazidis they've trained.

Even with such cooperation, the alliance can't break the siege. The head of PKK forces on the mountain, who goes by the nom de guerre Agid, ("hero" in Kurdish), says regaining control of the northern corridor between Sinjar and Syria is the next goal, but there aren't enough troops.

"We could do it in one day," he says, "but we need more troops to hold it."
Source : http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/12/07/kurds-yezedis-fight-isil-on-mt-sinjar/19964325/

Voir également : Kurdistan irakien : le leader islamiste kurde Ali Bapir déclare que les Yézidis et YPG (communistes) morts au combat ne sont pas des martyrs

La lapidation chez les Kurdes yezidis (non-musulmans) du nord de l'Irak

Qamishli : les YPG torturent à mort un adolescent de 16 ans

mardi, 16 décembre 2014 14:28
Les miliciens de l’YPG torturent à mort un enfant de Qamishli

La Coalition Nationale Syrienne condamne l'exécution d'un enfant de 16 ans près de Qamishli, dans la province d'Al Hasaka, aux mains des miliciens de l’YPG. Cet odieux crime est un autre exemple des atrocités commises par ce groupe terroriste contre d'autres groupes ethniques de la région. La Coalition rappelle que les hommes de l’YPG, plutôt que de défendre le peuple syrien, y compris les Kurdes, cherchent à instaurer une politique idéologique totalement étrangère aux objectifs de la Révolution Syrienne. La semaine dernière, des miliciens de l’YPG ont enlevé l'enfant Affan Al Abbosh près de Qamishli, pour le torturer à mort et profaner son corps, selon les militants. Si de tels actes continuent de se poursuivre, des conséquences désastreuses pouvant provoquer un conflit ethnique dans la région risquent de se produire. Ces actes ne servent que les objectifs du régime d’Assad qui sème sédition et divisions entre les composantes syriennes. Les hommes de l’YPG ont, à plusieurs reprises, prouvé être utilisés par Assad pour opprimer les aspirations du peuple syrien.
Source : http://fr.etilaf.org/news/les-miliciens-de-lypg-torturent-a-mort-un-enfant-de-qamishli.html

Voir également : Ayn al-Arab/Kobanê : la Coalition nationale syrienne accuse les YPG d'avoir tué des civils (faussement présentés comme des combattants de l'EI)

Syrie : le PKK-YPG tue des dizaines de civils à Hasaka

La Coalition nationale syrienne maintient que le PKK-YPG a commis un massacre de civils dans la région d'Hasaka

13 personnes d'une même famille tuées dans le village de Matiniya : un nouveau massacre de civils par le PKK-YPG ?

L'opposition syrienne (dont fait partie le Conseil national kurde) accuse le PYD-YPG de nettoyage ethnique

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Mustafa Osso (Conseil national kurde) dénonce l'enrôlement forcé de centaines de jeunes Kurdes (et non-Kurdes) dans les YPG

Kobanê : des Kurdes réfugiés à Suruç (Turquie) critiquent le PKK-PYD

Zahra et Nouboul : le PYD-YPG aide les forces d'Assad contre les rebelles syriens

Afrin : la police politique du PYD (Asayish) avait enlevé un combattant du PDK syrien

ʿAfrin: PYD kidnaps former PDK‑S peshmerga

KURDWATCH, December 15, 2014—On December 1, 2014, employees of the Asayiş, the security service of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), kidnapped Ibrahim Kurish, a member of a peshmerga unit for the Kurdistan Democratic Party – Syria (PDK‑S), from his parents’ house in ʿAfrin. A few days prior, Kurish had returned to ʿAfrin from Iraqi-Kurdistan to visit his ailing mother. On December 3, 2014, the Asayiş dispersed a demonstration where several dozen people called for Kurish’s release. On December 4, 2014, his nephew Mahmud Kurish was picked up by the Asayiş after he tried to inquire about his uncle. A relative told KurdWatch: »Ibrahim fled ʿAfrin in 2012 following a PYD knife attack. Now he had come back. He thought that after the Duhok agreement the PYD wouldn’t attack him anymore. Apparently the PYD still sees every peshmerga as a traitor.« Ibrahim Kurish was released at the Syrian-Turkish border on December 8 and was told to leave Syria immediately. Mahmud Kurish remains in custody.
Source : http://www.kurdwatch.org/?aid=3293&z=en&cure=1016

Voir également : Sheran Ibrahim (un ancien leader du PYD) : "la politique volontariste du PYD pour dominer le Rojava a eu pour résultat l'avancée de l'EI dans les zones kurdes"

Ibrahim Biro (secrétaire général du parti kurde Yekiti) : les combattants des partis kurdes ont été "détenus, harcelés et exilés" par le PYD

Francesco Desoli : "le PYD n’a pas hésité à utiliser tous les moyens à sa disposition pour éliminer ou marginaliser ses rivaux politiques"

Massoud Barzani (novembre 2013) : "le PYD essaie par la force des armes et en accord avec le régime syrien d'imposer un état de fait"

Syrie : la répression du PKK-PYD-YPG contre les partisans du PDK de Barzani

Les zones contrôlées par le PKK-PYD-YPG en Syrie : arrestations arbitraires, torture, meurtres inexpliqués et disparitions

samedi 20 décembre 2014

Mardin : 8 mineurs du PKK se sont rendus aux autorités

8 Children Flee from Terrorist PKK in Silopi, Mardin
Published 18-12-2014
11 PKK terrorists, including 8 children warriors linked to the terrorist organization, surrendered to the security forces near Silopi district of Mardin in southeast of Turkey.
According to the declaration of Mardin Governor's Office, 11 militants escaping from the terrorist PKK organization surrendered to the security headquarters in Habur border gate near Silopi, southeast of Mardin.

Mardin Governor's Office said "the number of terrorists escaped from the terrorist organization has rised to 505 since 21 March 2013."

According to Mustafa Kaya from Aydınlık, the participation of children in the PKK terror organization increased during the Kurdish Dissolution Process conducted by the AKP and the PKK under the control of the USA.

The percentage of children (0-18 age group) is according to data from two years ago around 15% [of total membership]. The latest participation has directly increased it from 15 to 20%.

An unnamed senior intelligence official had said the following in his interview to Aydınlık in 17 July 2014, "They need youths and in fact children of action of any type of legal or illegal organization to realize their aims. The age bracket in which all terror organizations across the world gain members is 15-24. Children and youth have dreams of changing the world. The more their ties to society grow (partners, work, participation in social, responsibility) they begin to remove themselves from act which but their social lives at risk. Furthermore, when we look at the age percentages of participation, we see that 50% joined the group as children (18 and under). In this sense, we can say that children constitute to being a pool of members."

Related News:

Mothers Fight for Their Children Kidnapped by the PKK

http://www.aydinlikdaily.com/Detail/Mothers-Fight-For-Their-Children-Kidnapped-By-The-PKK/3610#.VJLeMHvcgSI

PKK Terrorists Kidnap 10 Children in Muş

http://www.aydinlikdaily.com/Detail/PKK-Terrorists-Kidnap-10-Children-In-Mu%C5%9F/4465#.VJLfaHvcgSI
Source : http://aydinlikdaily.com/Detail/8-Children-Flee-From-Terrorist-PKK-In-Silopi-Mardin/5135#.VJU-Hf8Bx

Voir également : Syrie : le PKK-YPG "recrute" toujours des enfants soldats

Turquie : nouveaux enlèvements d'enfants par le PKK

Sud-Est de la Turquie : des familles réclament le retour de leurs enfants kidnappés par le PKK

Turquie : des sympathisants du PKK attaquent au cocktail Molotov des écoles

Turquie : le PKK sabote un important projet de construction dans le Sud-Est

Turquie : des familles kurdes endeuillées par la faute des suppôts du PKK

Turquie : libération de trois travailleurs chinois kidnappés par le PKK en août dernier

30 % des combattants du PKK sont étrangers à la Turquie (des Kurdes syriens et iraniens)

Mahmut Övür (Daily Sabah) : les Kurdes d'Erbil ont conscience de la contribution de la Turquie en faveur de leur région

Le noyau de l’Etat islamique est baasiste

Publié par Gilles Munier sur 12 Décembre 2014, 21:23pm

Catégories : #Irak

Revue de presse : dailysabah.com - Turquie - 28/11/14* - Un article de Mahmut Övür, journaliste turc qui s’est rendu à Bagdad fin octobre dernier.

Bagdad que nous avons visité avec le Premier ministre Ahmet Davutoglu, à la fin du mois dernier, semble une prison en raison des divisions internes et de l’intervention étrangère. Nous ne pouvons quitter la zone verte pour aller en ville librement et ne rencontrons personne, sauf des officiels. On parle de milliers de groupes clandestins et personne ne peut évoquer le droit dans Badgad, alors que la Mésopotamie a donné au monde le premier code de lois, 1700 av. Jésus-Christ, et un Etat de droit.

La légendaire ville des « mille et une nuits », la ville des désirs terrestres appartient au passé. L’incroyable richesse pétrolière du pays est une malédiction pour elle. Bagdad, avec ses trois décennies de guerre, ses tensions internes et ses assassinats, vit sous la menace de l’Etat islamique en Irak et au Levant alors qu’elle doit affronter ses démons internes, tout aussi dangereux que l’EIIL.

L’Irak a touché le fond. Le nouveau président, le Premier ministre et le gouvernement essaient de trouver une sortie à cet abîme. Nul ne dit que les choses vont mieux, mais, quand même, on attend beaucoup du premier ministre, Haider al-Abadi, qui succède à Nouri al-Maliki. Chiite lui-même, Abadi semble, cependant, ne pas vouloir adopter une politique d’exclusion : les dernières mesures montrent que le gouvernement ne pratique aucune discrimination et les récentes nominations aux plus hauts échelons du gouvernement sont un signe d’encouragement. D’anciens bureaucrates de l’ère de Saddam ont été nommés à de hautes fonctions.

Bref, la peur suscitée par l’EIIL paraît avoir uni toutes les victimes. L’EIIL, rejeton du chaos régional, est, en fait, un projet fondé sur des développements globaux, d’inspiration baasiste. C’est du moins ce que la Turquie et Bagdad croient. Les baasistes forment le noyau de l’EIIL La cruauté de ces derniers a été avivée par l’expérience d’Abou Ghraib, née dans une prison sous contrôle américain et a explosé sous la dictature du président Bachar al-Assad et du vide politique en Syrie.

Les Etats-Unis et l’Iran qui soutenaient Maliki sont responsables de ce qui se passe dans la région. Il suffit de se souvenir des massacres commis dans des dizaines de villages sunnites au cours de l’ère Maliki et comment ces deux pays ont fait la sourde oreille face à ces atrocités avant de réaliser ce qui se passe maintenant.


Il est étrange que, récemment, certains aient voulu, par des opérations de manipulation, rejeter la responsabilité d’EIIL sur la Turquie. C’est pourquoi la visite de Davotoglu à Badgad a été importante pour modifier cette perception. En dépit des attaques, la Turquie est vue comme un havre de stabilité et de démocratie dans la région, raison pour laquelle les officiels chiites, sunnites, Yézidis, Turkmènes et Kurdes l’ont accueilli à Bagdad et c’est pourquoi, le vice- président US John Kerry et le président Poutine ont l’intention de se rendre en Turquie.
L’Irak respire à Erbil.

Les relations entre la Turquie et le Gouvernement Régional du Kurdistan (GRK) et le processus de réconciliation font partie intégrante de cette nouvelle époque. La visite à Erbil était d’importance pour en prendre conscience. Erbil contrairement à Bagdad est un îlot de sécurité; les femmes et les enfants des officiels du gouvernement de Bagdad y vivent.

Même si les dernières attaques de l’EIIL ont fait mal, l’image de la Turquie dans la région est positive parce que cette dernière a beaucoup contribué à faire d’Erbil ce qu’elle est maintenant et malgré les pressions des Etats-Unis et de l’Iran, les gens d’Erbil le savent. Une réconciliation en marche et des liens plus étroits avec le GRK apporteront la prospérité de la paix. Cela fait peur à certains, mais ils ne sont plus en mesure de faire obstacle au progrès.

Source: The core of ISIS is Baathist

Photo: Bagdad – Zone verte (Green zone)

Traduction et Synthèse: Xavière Jardez
Source : http://www.france-irak-actualite.com/2014/12/le-noyau-de-l-etat-islamique-est-baasiste.html

Voir également : Les liens de dépendance du Kurdistan irakien à l'égard de la Turquie d'Erdogan

Arrivée en Turquie d'un deuxième groupe de peshmerga irakiens

Les forces armées turques entraînent 230 combattants kurdes irakiens dans le nord de l'Irak

L'armée turque entraîne les peshmerga kurdes irakiens

Le ministre de la Santé de la région kurde d'Irak confirme que des peshmerga sont soignés en Turquie

Le porte-parole du Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan salue l'aide militaire et humanitaire apportée par la Turquie d'Erdogan

Fouad Hussein (représentant du Gouvernement régional kurde) confirme que la Turquie a livré des armes aux peshmerga et a commencé à les entraîner

Massoud Barzani révèle que la Turquie d'Erdogan a secrètement envoyé des armes aux peshmerga en août dernier

La Turquie d'Erdogan aurait secrètement payé deux mois de salaires pour les fonctionnaires du Kurdistan irakien

Les partis nationalistes kurdes d'Iran accusent le régime de Téhéran d'assassinats massifs

Iran
Iranian Kurdish parties accuse Tehran of mass assassinations

By RUDAW 13/12/2014

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region— Nearly 300 Iranian Kurdish activists and party members have been assassinated by Iran’s intelligence agents inside the Kurdistan Region since the early 1990s, Iranian Kurdish officials have revealed.

“The systematic assassination of our members began in 1991,” says Anwar Muhammadi, spokesman of the Iranian Kurdish leftist party Komala.

The bulk of the assassinations took place in the chaos following the 1991 Kurdish uprising in Iraq against former dictator Saddam Hussein and his army.


 “The assassinations began in the border town of Raniya in 1991, but have continued to our day,” Muhammadi claimed. “As recent as 2012, we lost a comrade to an Iranian plot in Erbil,”

Iran, home to around eight million Kurds has also been accused by human rights organizations and some governments of ordering the assassination of Kurdish dissidents in exile.

Abdurrahman Ghassemloo, the then leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran (KDPI), was gunned down in Vienna, Austria in 1989 in the middle of negotiations with Iranian agents.

An Austrian court later found three Iranian agents responsible for the killings.

“We have lost nearly 200 party members to direct assassinations ordered by Tehran,” says KDPI’s Mustafa Mawloodi, deputy general secretary of the party. “But there have been at least 300 attempted assassinations against our associates after the uprising of 1991.”

Ghassemloo’s successor Sadegh Sharafkandi was also murdered in Berlin in 1992 by Iranian agents.

Mawloodi says his party has worked closely with the Kurdistan Region intelligence service to identify the identity of the assassins.

“The relatives of the victims deserve answers,” he says.


The two major Iranian Kurdish parties KDPI and Komala both command military wings and have fought bloody battles with the Iranian government for self rule.


KDPI and Komala however, declared a unilateral ceasefire and have not been engaged in military actions against Iran since early 2000.
Source : http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iran/13122014

Voir également : La "guerre sainte" de Khomeini contre les Kurdes

L'oppression des Kurdes dans l'Iran du Shah

Irak : tensions entre milices chiites et peshmerga dans les "territoires contestés"

Iraq
Shiite militias staying in ‘disputed territories’ could cause problems: officials

By RUDAW 15/12/2014

KIRKUK - Shiite militias remaining in Iraq’s northern “disputed territories” could pose a future threat to the Kurdistan Region, officials say, noting simmering tensions and minor clashes that have already taken place between the militias and Kurdish Peshmerga forces.

The Shiite militias, formed with the blessing of Baghdad and Iraq’s highly influential religious authorities, have taken part in some of the fighting against the Islamic State (ISIS), since the jihadists stormed across Iraq and captured a third of the country in June. The Shiite forces were involved in the fighting for Sadiya and Jalawla.

"The staying of the popular mobilization forces (Shiite militias) in the areas... will cause problems for the Kurdistan Region in the future, especially in the areas of Sadiya and Jalawla," said Amal Emran, a member of the Diyala provincial council.

Tensions have been running high between the Kurdish forces and the Shiite militias in the area since the ISIS eviction. Several low intensity clashes have taken place between the two antagonistic forces that are wrestling for control.


According to Sadiya’s mayor, the militia forces are not inside the town: "There is no other force or militia inside Sadiya, except the army and police forces, which are there to maintain security."

Ahmad al-Askari, a member of Kirkuk’s security committee, rejected any other forces dispatched to the area. "We reject any force outside the framework of the constitution and the law in the region, especially in areas that do not need other forces," he said.

He said that Kirkuk would not need other forces because the Kurdish forces are there for protection. "The areas that are under the control of the Peshmerga forces do not need more troops, except for the forces that have been agreed upon,” Askari added.

The Kirkuk official explained there is a deal between Kurdish forces and the commander of the Shiite militias Hadi al-Amiri about the movement of forces: “If they need to move their forces to an area where there are Peshmerga forces, they should first consult with Peshmerga officials.”
Source : http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/15122014

Voir également : Jalawla : rivalité entre peshmerga kurdes et milices chiites

Les autorités religieuses du Kurdistan irakien accusent les milices chiites de provocations dans la région de Garmiyan

Diyala : un commandant des peshmerga se plaint du problème posé par les milices chiites

Irak : les milices chiites pro-iraniennes empêchent les peshmerga kurdes d'entrer dans la ville de Sadiya

Le Kurde Hoshyar Zebari (PDK) reproche au pouvoir arabo-chiite de Bagdad d'avoir soutenu à fonds perdus des milices chiites ultra-violentes

Kirkouk : les peshmerga ne laisseront pas l'armée irakienne revenir

L'Iran critique l'envoi de peshmerga à Kobanê

Irak : un parlementaire proche de Maliki critique l'envoi de peshmerga à Kobanê

Touz Khourmatou : la milice chiite Badr a arrêté plusieurs peshmerga et les a envoyés à Bagdad

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : une milice chiite kidnappe six peshmerga

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : climat de tension entre peshmerga et milices chiites

Irak : vives tensions entre peshmerga kurdes et miliciens arabo-chiites à Amerli

Amerli : les Turkmènes chiites s'opposent à la mainmise kurde sur leur territoire

Irak : les intérêts des Kurdes et des Arabes chiites (représentés par al-Maliki) divergent de plus en plus à Kirkouk

Soulaimaniyeh : accord sous influence iranienne entre les partis UPK et Gorran

Iranian Influence Brings Rivals PUK and Gorran Closer
Sulaymaniyah agreement between the Change Movement and PUK done under the guidance of Tehran


Basnews  |  Hemin Salih

16.12.2014  11:55

SULAYMANIYAH

Iranian influence played a substantial role in bringing two major Kurdish parties in Sulaymaniyah closer when they signed a recent agreement.


Well-placed sources say that last week’s Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) and Change Movement (Gorran) agreement on how to run the local administration in the Kurdistan Region’s second city Sulaymaniyah, came with the blessing of Iran, an influential player in Kurdish politics, especially Sulaymaniyah.

“For several months after the Kurdistan local elections, Iran asked the PUK to agree to sharing power in the city with Gorran. Since the recent Islamic State attacks on the region, they have reiterated the request.”


Gorran was formed in 2009, when some of the long-time leaders of the PUK broke away to create the new movement.

The relationship between the two parties in Sulaymaniyah, seen as a strong hold for both, has been riven by tension.


The anonymous source said that since the singing of the agreement between the rival parties, an Iranian delegation has visited the leader of Gorran, Nawshirwan Mustafa, twice in Sulaymaniyah, thanking him for signing the deal.

The PUK has traditionally being seen as the closest ally of Iran in the Kurdistan Region and its leaders and the former Iraqi president Jalal Talabani have always maintained strong ties with Iranian officials.


The source also stated that Iranian support for the PUK- Gorran agreement protects Tehran’s leverage in the Kurdistan Region, as it was being eroded by the PUK’s perceived weakness following the emergence of the new movement.

“In the past the PUK and Gorran had a lot of problems, but as most of the PUK and Gorran leaders are essentially from one school of thought, it wasn’t too difficult for them to sign an agreement and get closer,” said PUK official Goran Azad.

Rebwar Karim, a Kurdish political commentator, told BasNews of the extent of outside maneuvering on Kurdish politics.

“This new agreement between the PUK and Gorran is a result of external influence, just like all agreements and disagreements between Kurdish political parties in the past,” said Karim.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/16/iranian-influence-brings-rivals-puk-and-gorran-closer/

Voir également : Jordi Tejel : "Le futur incertain du Kurdistan irakien"

L'indépendance du Kurdistan irakien demeure un "rêve" lointain

Irak : les milices chiites pro-iraniennes empêchent les peshmerga kurdes d'entrer dans la ville de Sadiya

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : climat de tension entre peshmerga et milices chiites

Université de Kirkouk : tensions entre Kurdes et Arabes à l'occasion de la "journée du drapeau du Kurdistan"

Tension Rises in Kirkuk Over Kurdistan Flag Day
Kurdish and Arab University students fight over Iraq and Kurdistan flag


Basnews  |  Hoshmand Sadiq

18.12.2014  11:12

KIRKUK

Tensions rose between Kurdish and Arab students in one of the university dorms in the mixed Kirkuk province in northern Iraq, after the Kurds celebrated their flag day on Wednesday.


The head of Kirkuk Security pointed out that fight broke out between Arab and Kurdish university students, after the Kurdish students celebrated Kurdistan Flag Day by rising Kurdistan flag in the university and this made the Arab students angry.


Halo Najat, the Kirkuk security director told BasNews that as a result of the fight in one of the university dorms in Kirkuk, eight Kurdish students have been wounded and they have began investigating the fight and will check the security cameras to see who were the initiatives of the tension and he vowed all the perpetrators will be arrested.

“The tension arose when the Arab students prevented Kurdish students from rising a Kurdistan flag, but Kurdish students entered the university and waved Kurdistan flag and this angered the Arab students and then fight broke out,” said Najat to BasNews on Wednesday.


“Arab students prevented the Kurds waving the Kurdistan flag which caused the tension to start and grow bigger and resulted in some of Kurdish students were wounded”, added the head of Kirkuk security force.


Najat stated that security forces entered the university and stopped the brawl and allowed medics to take the injured students to Kirkuk Hospital.

“Nobody has been arrested so far, but we have started our investigation through our security committee, they will check the security cameras to see who are the initiatives of the tension then they will be arrested,” added Najat.

On Wednesday morning, Kurds around Kurdistan region and the disputed regions in northern Iraq, to mark their national Flag Day and Kurdish students in Kirkuk University, however some Arab students attacked them and prevented them to raise Kurdistan’s flag.

BasNews reporter in Kirkuk pointed out that some Arab students attacked Kurdish group of students whom had Kurdistan Flag in their hands.

“Kurdish students wanted to celebrate the day to express their respect to Kurdistan’s flag, but when Arab students raised Iraq flag against them, which caused tension and fight broke out and it continued for an hour,” said BasNews reporter.

After the brawl, the Kurdish Kirkuk governor Najmaddin Karim called on the resident to respect each other’s symbols and not to do anything that can cause tensions among the Kirkuk ethnics.

December 17 of every year, the Kurds celebrate their Flag Day, by wearing Kurdish traditional clothes and rising Kurdistan and this year the day marked with more enthusiasm, due to Kurdistan region being in war with the Islamic State (IS) militants.

The Kurdistan Flag Day, started in 2007, when Kurdistan Region Parliament passed a law to make December 17th of every year the Day of Kurdistan Flag, to allow all Kurds from around to pay their respect for the flag.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/18/tension-rises-in-kirkuk-over-kurdistan-flag-day/

Voir également : Kirkouk : grave insécurité et vide administratif

Kirkouk : les déplacés arabes se plaignent de mauvais traitements de la part des Kurdes

Kirkouk : les peshmerga ne laisseront pas l'armée irakienne revenir

La condition des homosexuels et transexuels au Kurdistan irakien

Iraq
Caught Between the Islamic State and Shiite Militias, Gays Are Dying in Iraq


By Samuel Oakford and Sally Hayden
November 20, 2014 | 1:00 am

The plight of Iraq's already beleaguered lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender community is growing more appalling by the day as Islamic State forces and the lawless Shiite militias propping up the government in Baghdad fight for control of the country.

LGBT individuals living in areas ruled by the Islamic State, also known as ISIS or ISIL, "are highly likely to be at imminent risk of death," according to a report by investigators at the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) and the women's rights group MADRE.

Top US general says ground troops could be needed in Iraq as public support for action grows. Read more here.

In government-controlled areas, where massacres of gays have taken place for years, militias are acting with impunity.

"No one has been held accountable for the murders, and the previous government rejected calls to even investigate violence based on actual or perceived sexual and gender non-conformity," the report says.

Hossein Alizadeh, Middle East and North Africa director at IGLHRC, told VICE News that many of the militias most closely associated with the government's fight against the Islamic State are the same ones carrying out attacks against suspected homosexuals.

"There are cases of documented killings and torture, and the government often responds by saying this is done by non-government actors for whom we are not responsible," said Alizadeh. "They basically walk away from responsibility."

    'There is no worse minority to belong to in Iraq than LGBT.'

On May 15, members of Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq — a powerful Iranian-backed militia also known as the "League of the Righteous" — tacked up public lists of 24 "wanted" individuals, 23 of whom it claimed had carried out homosexual acts. The remaining person had hair that was too long. In 2013, the Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's Mahdi Army distributed a similar document.

A month later, on June 15, the militia killed two teenagers, beheaded them, and threw their heads in the garbage. IGHCR and MADRE spoke with Iraqi human rights activists who said that the boys were commonly thought to be gay in the community.

Inside the Baghdad brothel massacre. Read more here.

In July, an attack believed to be carried out by Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq on a suspected brothel in Baghdad left 34 dead. All but two of the people killed were women, gunned down as they hid in bedrooms and showers. The men, Alizadeh said, were assumed to be gay.


The Mahdi Army has also been implicated in other attacks dating back years.


"In 2008, the Mahdi Army would even kill barbers who didn't cut men's hair in the way they were supposed to," Erin Evers, Iraq researcher at Human Rights Watch, told VICE News.


A wave of so called "emo killings" in Iraq in 2012 saw the murder of dozens of gays and suspected homosexuals by militias operating in Baghdad and its environs, including Asa'ib Ahl al-Haq.


    'There was an individual who was tortured to death by the militias, and their family refused to collect the body from the morgue because he had brought shame to the family.'


The LGBT community in Iraq has never enjoyed social freedoms, whether under the regime of Saddam Hussein or after the American invasion in 2003. The American occupation did coincide with the spread of internet use among Iraqis, however. Some LGBT individuals, mostly gay men, began using social networks to meet others — just as men and women, gay or straight, do elsewhere.

"One of the narratives in Iraq is homosexuality came to Iraq because of the US invasion," said Alizadeh. "Homosexuality can be associated with the Western presence in the country."

In 2010, the Iraqi government refused to take up the UN's request that it "investigate all allegations of persecution based on gender and sexual orientation."

The "lethally dangerous situation" facing homosexuals in Iraq today, according to the report, "is less likely to be a profound shift in Iraqi society's values towards gender norms, but the breakdown of law and order and the rise of the law of strongmen — within the family, tribe, and complicit state security forces."

The report also documents a case where a gay man's father left him with police, who then raped him.

"In 2009, there was an individual who was tortured to death by the militias, and their family refused to collect the body from the morgue because he had brought shame to the family," said Alizadeh.

But discrimination and even killings of perceived members of the LGBT community are often carried out by families and neighbors and covered up accordingly, leaving rights workers with little or no evidence.

Women face particular difficulty. Unable to move very far without a male companion, lesbian women — or those thought to be so — cannot easily flee their communities, let alone cross into neighboring countries where they might be lucky enough to being the process of seeking asylum outside the region.

This year alone, more than 10,000 Iraqis fleeing violence have registered with the UN's refugee agency in Jordan. The UN does not release information on the number of LGBT Iraqis seeking resettlement through its offices. But they can face abuse from local UN staff, and often choose to keep their sexual or gender identity secret — a choice that can have the effect of extending an already lengthy process of relocation.

Report: International community is failing Syrian refugees as neighbors close borders. Read more here.

Safe houses for members of the LGBT community exist in Iraq, but they are under constant threat of attack and their locations are kept secret. IGLHCR and MADRE could only find one women's rights organization that "offered protection to persecuted LGBT Iraqis." Resettlement in countries like the US is the goal for many, even those not in areas that have seen fighting.

"There is no worse minority to belong to in Iraq than LGBT," said Evers. "The stigma against them is so strong that even middle-of-the-road Iraqis would probably be pretty quick to say that some of these gay people should be killed. It's just completely not accepted."

Such is the general disdain for the gay community in Iraq that many foreign non-governmental organizations shy away from publicizing their discrimination, out of fear that doing so would stigmatize the work they do in the eyes of others.

"No one's going to do any sort of programming related to that because it's too sensitive," one gay expat NGO worker who assists internally displaced people in Iraqi Kurdistan told VICE News. "I don't think the release of this report will change anything at all."

Even in Kurdistan, a region considered relatively more liberal and Westernized than the rest of Iraq, LGBT people are at risk of vanishing at the hands of local security forces known as the Asayish.


"If I said that a man is homosexual and he's committing lewd acts, they would simply detain him and then have him disappear," the worker said. "And the Asayish is incredibly good at making people disappear."


Follow Samuel Oakford on Twitter: @samueloakford

Photo via Flickr
Source : https://news.vice.com/article/caught-between-the-islamic-state-and-shiite-militias-gays-are-dying-in-iraq

mardi 16 décembre 2014

Manifestation d'opposants assyriens et turkmènes à Erbil

"Rudaw English

11 parties including #Assyrians and Turkmens held a demonstration in Erbil, in protest of the mechanism the the members of the #Kurdistan independent election and referendum commission was chosen."

Source : https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=714682768639629

"Alan Attoof ‏@alanattoof

Demonstration in #Erbil by 11 parties against excluding #Christian & #Turkomen reps in the new @KurdistanRegion High Electoral Commission"

Source : https://twitter.com/alanattoof/status/542953164186451969

Voir également : Amerli : les Turkmènes chiites s'opposent à la mainmise kurde sur leur territoire

Les réfugiés turkmènes dans le Kurdistan irakien : "Nous ne voulons pas rester dans la région kurde parce que nous ne sommes pas bien traités par les Kurdes"

Les chrétiens d'Irak : "Les Kurdes ne nous ont pas protégés, le gouvernement irakien ne nous a pas protégés"

Kirkouk : grave insécurité et vide administratif

Kirkouk : les déplacés arabes se plaignent de mauvais traitements de la part des Kurdes

Le problème kurde : le nettoyage ethnique dans le "Kurdistan" irakien

Irak : la persécution des Assyro-Chaldéens par les Kurdes

Sud-est de la Turquie : le gouvernement turc tente de protéger les chrétiens de Tur Abdin des attaques kurdes (notamment du PKK et du Hizbullah kurde)

Le christianisme assyro-chaldéen/syriaque à Mardin

De plus en plus de chrétiens irakiens se réfugient en Turquie, pays soi-disant "oppresseur"

Selon Matthew Barber, les peshmerga ont réprimé une manifestation de Yézidis dans le camp de Dohouk

Kurdistan irakien : 15 Kurdes accusés de commerce illégal de pétrole avec l'EI

15 Kurds Accused of Illegally Trading Oil With Islamic State
Investigations on more suspects continuing


Basnews  |  Hemin Salih

09.12.2014  19:41

ERBIL

A number of Kurdish members of parliament are signatories to a draft law that will punish those accused of engaging in oil smuggling with Islamic State (IS) militants. The investigative committee will present a report of the case to the Kurdish Parliamentary leadership soon.

According to the report, 15 Kurdish people have been arrested for the offence and several other people are under investigation.


Firsat Sofi, a member of the committee told BasNews that a group of parliament members have signed a letter asking the Kurdistan Parliamentary leadership to implement a law punishing oil smugglers in the Kurdistan Region, since the law is practiced in other parts of Iraq.

“Adraft law has been prepared in the Baghdad parliament that punishes those directly or indirectly involved in selling or smuggling oil,” said Sofi.

He claimed that the Kurdistan Region parliament has the right to amend and add to the law, including the imposition of harsher penalities on those found guilty.

“We have information about oil smuggling from Kirkuk by some Kurds and 15 people have been arrested, with investigations into several more ongoing,” he added.


Sofi noted that anti-terrorism laws will be implemented against the accused, who have no chance of running from justice.

Kurdish MP Bahar Mahmood, who also signed the draft law, told BasNews, “We want to prevent people from stealing and smuggling the country’s resources by punishing them to the full extent of the law. We want to use the new draft law to more effectively prevent this illegal trade from continuing.”

However, the head of Natural Resources Committee Sherko Jawdat told BasNews, “The work of the committee investigating the case has not yet finished. There remain some decisions to be taken.”
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/09/15-kurds-accused-of-illegally-trading-oil-with-islamic-state/

Voir également : Kurdistan irakien : des dirigeants du PDK et de l'UPK accusés d'avoir commercé avec l'EI (pétrole, gaz, véhicules)

Nord de l'Irak : des Kurdes arrêtés pour participation à la contrebande de pétrole de l'EI

Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan : la police arrête des fonctionnaires du ministère des peshmerga suspectés d'être impliqués dans la contrebande de pétrole de l'EI

Des centaines de raffineries de pétrole illégales au Kurdistan irakien

Le Kurdistan irakien est la principale voie d'acheminement du pétrole de l'EI vers la Turquie et l'Iran

Le Kurdistan irakien serait mêlé à la contrebande de pétrole organisée par l'Etat islamique

jeudi 11 décembre 2014

Jalawla : rivalité entre peshmerga kurdes et milices chiites

Rivalries resurface in Iraqi town recaptured from Islamic State

By Isabel Coles

JALAWLA, Iraq Mon Dec 8, 2014 6:30am EST

(Reuters) - The blood of two militants killed during Islamic State's rout in the Iraqi town of Jalawla has yet to be washed away, but a turf war is already brewing between Kurdish and Shi'ite forces that jointly drove the insurgents out.

The recapture of disputed territory and towns such as Jalawla is reopening rivalries over the boundary between areas of Kurdish control and those administered by the Shi'ite-led Baghdad government.


Local Sunni Arabs displaced in the fighting have little choice but to align themselves with one side or the other.


Not long after Islamic State began its offensive across Iraq this summer, Kurdish commanders in the eastern province of Diyala invited the head of the largest Sunni Arab tribe in Jalawla to discuss jointly resisting the insurgents.

"We sat with them here in this very building," said Brigadier General Barzan Ali Shawas, describing the meeting with Sheikh Faisal al-Karwi in a Kurdish peshmerga barracks on the banks of the Diyala river, lined with date palms.

"We said: What do you want? True, you are Arabs and we are Kurds, but the unity of Iraq is in our interest." The sheikh had replied he would consider the Kurds' offer to set up a unit for local Sunnis under peshmerga command, but he never came back with an answer.

Since that June day, Jalawla changed hands several times, until the peshmerga and Shi'ite militia drove the militants out on Nov. 23. According to Shawas, they agreed before the offensive that the Shi'ite militia would withdraw as soon as it was over and hand full control to the Kurds, but that has yet to happen.

Jalawla, which lies about 150 km (90 miles) northeast of Baghdad, is overwhelmingly Arab and was under the central government's jurisdiction until Islamic State overran it. However, the Kurds say it was theirs until the 1970s, when Saddam Hussein brought in Sheikh Faisal's Karwiya tribe to "Arabise" the area.

Now it is deserted except for stray animals, Shi'ite militiamen and peshmerga, marking their territory with flags and graffiti. The atmosphere is tense.


"Jalawla is Kurdistani," is spray-painted on the front of a bakery. Fridges dragged into the road as barricades are beginning to rust.


Shi'ite fighters drive a pick-up truck with a picture of Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on the bonnet. One gets out and approaches the Kurds, finger on the trigger of his rifle, to ask if they have permission to be there from the head of the Shi'ite Khorasani Brigades militia.

"If they retain a fanatic stance about the areas they have taken, there's no way we will allow them," said Jawad al-Hosnawi, the Khorasani Brigades' field commander.


Iraqi Kurds have controlled an autonomous region since the early 1990s and their fighters moved into other disputed areas this year to combat Islamic State.

But Hosnawi rejects any further Kurdish ambitions. "Our problem is if they want to separate from Iraq or form an ethnic state - no way," he said.


RESIDENTS FEAR MILITIAS

Cats pick through uncollected rubbish in Jalawla and a cow strolls down the street, oblivious to the danger of thousands of mines planted by the militants. A burst of gunfire and the occasional thud of an explosion can be heard.

Shawas promised civilians would be allowed to return, except those who sided with Islamic State, once a bomb disposal team finishes its work, and water and electricity are restored.

Hosnawi said the Kurds were bulldozing Sunni homes to discourage them from coming back.


Many Jalawla residents are camping a few kilometers away on a football pitch, its perimeter fence draped with laundry. They celebrated the news that Islamic State had been forced from Jalawla and the adjacent town of Saadiya.

Most said they had fled not the militants, but air strikes targeting them. Now they fear the Shi'ite forces, who have killed Sunnis and destroyed their homes in other towns they recaptured from Islamic States.

"We want to go back but the militias will slaughter us," said a 40-year-old farmer from Saadiya who was too afraid to give his name. "We ask the peshmerga to annex Jalawla and Saadiya to the (Kurdistan) region so we can live in peace."

To slow enemy advances, Islamic State blew up bridges across the milky waters of the Diyala river, into which some militants flung themselves to escape when the game was up.

The blood of two insurgents who did not get away stains the entrance to a shop that used to sell roofing. Its shutters are down now and daubed with Shi'ite slogans.

Sheikh Faisal confirmed rejecting the Kurds’ proposal, and says his tribe had fought the peshmerga to prevent them taking over a base abandoned by the Iraqi army.


"They won't let Arabs return, mostly the Karwiya. They want to take Jalawla. It's an Arab area," he said by telephone from the nearby town of Baquba.


He denies collaborating with Islamic State, as the Kurds allege, and says the militants blew up his house in Jalawla because he refused to join them.


Unlike the displaced residents, Sheikh Faisal's nephew Zumhar Jamal al-Karwi said Jalawla should remain under the Baghdad government, not the Kurds.

"We won't accept Jalawla remaining in Kurdish clutches. If they cling to it by force, it will be retaken by force," Zumhar said. "We are prepared to fight against the Kurds alongside the militias unless the peshmerga leave Jalawla."

(editing by David Stamp)
Source : http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/08/us-mideast-crisis-jalawla-idUSKBN0JM16E20141208

Voir également : Les autorités religieuses du Kurdistan irakien accusent les milices chiites de provocations dans la région de Garmiyan

Diyala : un commandant des peshmerga se plaint du problème posé par les milices chiites

Irak : les milices chiites pro-iraniennes empêchent les peshmerga kurdes d'entrer dans la ville de Sadiya

Le Kurde Hoshyar Zebari (PDK) reproche au pouvoir arabo-chiite de Bagdad d'avoir soutenu à fonds perdus des milices chiites ultra-violentes

Kirkouk : les peshmerga ne laisseront pas l'armée irakienne revenir

L'Iran critique l'envoi de peshmerga à Kobanê

Irak : un parlementaire proche de Maliki critique l'envoi de peshmerga à Kobanê

Touz Khourmatou : la milice chiite Badr a arrêté plusieurs peshmerga et les a envoyés à Bagdad

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : une milice chiite kidnappe six peshmerga

Touz Khourmatou (Irak) : climat de tension entre peshmerga et milices chiites

Irak : vives tensions entre peshmerga kurdes et miliciens arabo-chiites à Amerli

Amerli : les Turkmènes chiites s'opposent à la mainmise kurde sur leur territoire

Irak : les intérêts des Kurdes et des Arabes chiites (représentés par al-Maliki) divergent de plus en plus à Kirkouk

Le Kurdistan irakien pourrait assurer 30 % des besoins en gaz de l'Europe, via des pipelines traversant la Turquie

Kurdistan Can Provide %30 of Gas Needs in Europe
KRG to export Natural Gas through by 2017


Basnews  |  Shwan Barzinji

09.12.2014  17:18

ERBIL

Kurdistan Region’s natural gas pipelines to Turkey are expected to be constructed in the future, with the deputy head of the Natural Resources Committee in the Kurdistan Parliament claiming that Kurdistan could fulfill %30 of gas needs in Europe.


“According to the plans of the Natural Resources Ministry, the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) will produce a surplus of natural gas that will be exported abroad in the next three years, and sold to Europe,” said the deputy head of Natural Resources Committee in the Kurdistan Parliament Dilshad Sha’ban.

“Annually, the KRG spends three billion US dollars generating electricity. There is a plan to use Kurdish local natural gas to produce electricity in the first stage and then in the next stage, the gas will be exported abroad,” added Sha’ban.

According to estimates, there are more than 3.6 trillion cubic meters of natural gas deposits in the Kurdistan Region.

He mentioned that the KRG Natural Resources Ministry has a plan to export Kurdish gas in 2017 – 2018 as well as using liquid gas for electricity generation.

Sha’ban continued, “Recently, we met with the French Consul in the Kurdistan Region who emphasized that France and Europe in general are hoping the Kurdistan Region’s natural gas will fulfill a portion of their requirements.”

He believes that Kurdistan Region cannot completely replace Russia in providing natural gas to Europe, but it can supply about 30% of gas needed by Europe.

“The Ministry of Natural Resources has signed an agreement with Exxon Mobil, Butash Oil, Genel Energy and some other companies in order to produce natural gas and soon production will start,” concluded Sha’ban.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/economy/2014/12/09/kurdistan-can-provide-0-of-gas-needs-in-europe/

Voir également : Les liens de dépendance du Kurdistan irakien à l'égard de la Turquie d'Erdogan

Mauvaise nouvelle pour les incapables chypriotes-grecs : tractations d'Israël en vue d'un partenariat gazier avec la Turquie

Le Premier ministre chypriote-turc Özkan Yorgancıoğlu propose d'acheminer le gaz israélien en Europe via la Turquie

Mauvaise nouvelle pour la clique dirigeante d'Erevan : inauguration du gazoduc transanatolien (TANAP)

Avec l'abandon de South Stream par la Russie, le régime bananier arménien semble encore plus isolé

Au total, 500 Kurdes du Kurdistan irakien ont rejoint l'EI, dont trois mollah employés par l'administration kurde

500 Kurds Have Joined Islamic State From Kurdistan Region
Three mullahs employed by KRG Ministry of Endowment and Religious Affairs joined the Jihadi group


Basnews  |  Shwan Barzinji

09.12.2014  18:35

ERBIL

BasNews can reveal the latest figure about the Kurds who have joined the Islamic State (IS) militants.

The Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) Minister of Endowment and Religious Affairs believes that fewer people have joined the group from the Kurdistan Region than other areas and countries.

According to the new data, 500 people from Kurdistan Region have joint IS in the last two years.


Of this number, 100 have been killed fighting for IS in Syria and Iraq and 50 have returned to the Kurdistan Region. A further 65 have left IS and been smuggled to Europe or Morocco.

Former Spokesman of the Ministry of Endowment and Religious Affairs and the current head of the Communication Department of the ministry, Mariwan Naqshbandi told BasNews, “Based on the information that I have obtained, in the last week, almost 20 Kurdish IS militants have surrendered themselves, along with all their weapons and military equipment, to Peshmerga forces in the Makhmour and Gwer areas.”

He continued, “Most of the Kurdish people that have joined the IS insurgents are students of religious schools funded by the ministry as well as from colleges offering education in Islamic Sharia, education, science and agriculture and nursing.”

IS was created in 2011-2012 in Syria when they took control of small areas of the country. They subsequently captured cities and provinces in Iraq at the beginning of 2014 before taking Mosul and areas in northern Iraq in June of this year.

“So far three Kurdish mullahs are among the 500 Kurds – they are from Daratu, Sangasar and Garmian. Two of them joined IS seven months ago and the other one only recently,” added Naqshbandi.


The Minister of Endowments and Religious Affairs, Kamal Muslim pointed out to BasNews that people from all around the world have joined IS.

“Fortunately, fewer people from the Kurdistan Region have joined IS compared to other countries,” said Muslim.

Commenting on the mullahs, Muslim said that they are no different to other individuals from Kurdish society who have joined IS; although they are mullahs and belong to the ministry, they are part of this community, he said.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/news/2014/12/09/500-kurds-have-joined-islamic-state-from-kurdistan-region/

Ce chiffre de 500 Kurdes n'inclut pas, évidemment, les volontaires kurdes en provenance des territoires irakiens non administrés par le Gouvernement régional kurde, ni ceux venant d'Iran, de Turquie et de Syrie.

A titre de comparaison, il y a eu 600 citoyens turcs (dont une partie sont ethniquement kurdes) qui ont rejoint des groupes islamistes en Syrie, selon les dernières estimations (étant entendu qu'ils n'ont pas tous rallié l'EI, une partie d'entre eux ayant rejoint des formations islamistes distinctes et opposées à l'EI, comme al-Nosra et Ahrar al-Sham). Or la Turquie, qui a une longue frontière terrestre avec la Syrie, est un pays de 75 millions d'habitants. Tandis que le Gouvernement régional du Kurdistan administre une population de... 5 millions d'habitants. Et parmi les recrues turques, il n'y a eu jusqu'à présent aucun imam officiant au sein de la Diyanet (direction des affaires religieuses de la République turque), contrairement au cas de ces trois mollah employés par le ministère des Affaires religieuses d'Erbil.

De quoi sérieusement remettre en cause les outrances de certains médias occidentaux.

Voir également : Selon un commandant des peshmerga, l'EI a utilisé des Kurdes comme éclaireurs pour son offensive sur le Kurdistan irakien

Attentat-suicide de l'EI à Erbil : l'auteur est Abdulrahman al-Kurdi, un Kurde

Zoumar (Irak) : mort d'un jeune militant kurde de l'EI

Kulajo (Irak) : le kamikaze de l'EI aurait été kurde

L'ancien gardien de but (kurde) du club d'Halabja est mort dans les rangs de l'EI

Irak : un militant kurde de l'Etat islamique a été tué près de Kirkouk

Kobanê : des Kurdes (irakiens et syriens) apportent une aide cruciale à l'EI

"Génocide" des Kurdes ? Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (un Kurde d'Halabja) commande l'offensive de l'EI sur Kobanê

Le frère du commandant Abou Khattab al-Kurdi (EI) était lui aussi djihadiste

Wassim Nasr : "on trouve même des Kurdes, notamment dans la ville d’Halabja, qui rejoignent les rangs des djihadistes de l’Etat islamique"

Les Kurdes et l'EIIL

Allemagne : l'Etat islamique attire de jeunes Kurdes

Kurdistan irakien : les partis islamistes kurdes s'élèvent contre le principe de l'égalité homme-femme et la laïcité

Comment l'Etat allemand a favorisé sur son sol l'islam wahhabite au détriment de l'islam hanéfite turc