dimanche 26 octobre 2014

Bonne nouvelle : la pratique de l'excision commencerait à décroître chez les Kurdes irakiens

Female Genital Mutilation decreases in Iraqi Kurdistan


Sofia Barbarni
New data released by Iraqi-German NGO Wadi, shows that there has been a significant decrease in female genital mutilation (FGM) within Iraq’s Kurdistan Region.

A Human Rights Watch (HRW) report published in 2010, concluded that as many as 40 percent of women and girls in Kurdistan have been subjected to FGM.

Often considered a uniquely African problem, FGM is also practiced in the Middle East; including northern Saudi Arabia, southern Jordan and Iraqi Kurdistan. According to Wadi, FGM in Kurdistan was practiced widely in 2004.

Following this realization, the organization developed a village-by-village scheme, in order to raise awareness of the physical and psychological consequences of the procedure. New data based on interviews with 5,000 women and girls indicates the approach has been a success.

Wadi reports that while 66-99% of women aged 25 and older were mutilated, the percentage of mutilation between the ages of six and 10 was almost zero in the areas of Halabja and Garmyan.

The survey has been based on oral accounts, not medical facts.

While a Family Violence Law passed in Agusut 2011 included several steps towards the eradication of FGM, there is still progress to be made. Joe Stork, (deputy Middle East director of HRW) Stressed the need to start implementing the law.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is defined by the Word Health Organization (WHO) as “all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons”.
Source : http://basnews.com/en/News/Details/Female-Genital-Mutilation-decreases-in-Iraqi-Kurdistan/4325

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