vendredi 18 avril 2014

Suisse : deux frères kurdes accusés de participation à l'organisation terroriste al-Qaïda

15.04.2014, 12:58 - Suisse Actualiser
Actualisé le 15.04.14, 12:58
Deux frères doivent répondre de participation à Al-Qaïda

Deux frères kurdes irakiens sont accusés d'avoir soutenu le réseau Al-Qaïda et travaillé sous la direction de Najmuddin Faraj Ahmad, fondateur et ancien dirigeant de l'organisation terroriste Ansar al Islam.
Le jugement est attendu le 2 mai.

Deux frères kurdes irakiens répondront le 28 avril d'appartenance à une organisation criminelle poursuivant des buts terroristes devant le Tribunal pénal fédéral (TPF). Ils sont accusés d'avoir soutenu le réseau Al-Qaïda en mettant sur pied et administrant des sites Internet appelant au crime.

Le jugement est attendu le 2 mai, indique le site Internet du TPF. Selon l'acte d'accusation, les deux frères ont travaillé sous la direction de Najmuddin Faraj Ahmad, alias Mullah Krekar, fondateur et ancien dirigeant de l'organisation terroriste Ansar al Islam.

Ce dernier a créé une nouvelle structure de soutien au sein du réseau Al-Qaïda, laquelle exploitait plusieurs plates-formes Internet pour la diffusion, à titre de propagande, d'attaques terroristes et de messages du réseau. Elle maintenait également des "chat-rooms" en tant que salles de réunion virtuelles ainsi que des forums pour sympathisants potentiels et actifs.

La première étape consistait à attirer des personnes potentiellement intéressées à travers les sites Internet et à les encourager à participer activement sous forme d'inscriptions et de commentaires. Dans une seconde étape, ces personnes étaient examinées par Mullah Krekar et les cadres de la nouvelle organisation, dont faisait partie le frère aîné.

Ceux qui étaient considérés comme dignes de confiance se voyaient ensuite accorder l'accès aux "chat-rooms" fermés de l'organisation, voire, dans une troisième étape, au cercle de direction le plus étroit et à la structure de prise de décision.

Fonctions-clé

Il est reproché à l'aîné des deux frères d'avoir exercé plusieurs fonctions-clé au sein de l'organisation nouvellement créée, notamment d'avoir mis en place, exploité et partiellement financé un forum ainsi que diverses pages Internet et "chat-rooms". De plus, il lui est reproché d'avoir transmis des messages entre Mullah Krekar et les groupements terroristes armés en Irak proches d'Al-Qaïda.

Il aurait également reçu, en contact direct avec les représentants de ces groupements, des communiqués de vidéo sur les attentats terroristes commis par ces groupements et les aurait publiés et commentés.

Le cadet des deux frères aurait lui assumé diverses fonctions. Il rédigeait ses propres contributions de textes, accompagnées du matériel d'images correspondant. Les deux accusés auraient, à de nombreuses reprises, téléchargé et enregistré sur leurs ordinateurs des vidéos montrant des exécutions de personnes sans défense, accomplies avec brutalité.

Arrêtés à Bâle

Après leur entrée en Suisse, les deux Kurdes avaient obtenu l'asile politique. Ils ont été arrêtés en novembre 2008 à Bâle et placés en détention provisoire pendant treize mois pour l'aîné et dix mois et demi pour le cadet. Ils ont été libérés, mais doivent se présenter chaque semaine à un poste de police. Leurs permis d'établissement et leurs documents d'identité irakiens leur ont été confisqués.

Outre de participation à une organisation criminelle, ils doivent répondre de provocation publique au crime ou à la violence, de représentation de la violence, ainsi que de faux dans les titres et d'autres délits.

Source: ATS
Source : http://www.arcinfo.ch/fr/suisse/deux-freres-doivent-repondre-de-participation-a-al-qaida-566-1282665

lundi 14 avril 2014

Les Kurdes à Evry (91)

"L'intensité des fêtes organisées à l'occasion de Newroz varie beaucoup selon les organisateurs. Celles du PKK peuvent réunir, en France, plusieurs milliers de personnes, alors que celles de Komkar n'en rassemblent que quelques centaines. En 1983 déjà, les associations représentant le PKK à Paris rassemblaient plus de 2 000 personnes. En 1996, 1997 et 1998 comme pour l'anniversaire des 20 ans du PKK en novembre 1998, la salle des fêtes d'Evry accueillait plus de 3 000 sympathisants du PKK pour des fêtes alternant les discours politiques, les chansons, les pièces théâtrales." (Isabelle Rigoni, "Les mobilisations des Kurdes en Europe", Revue européenne de migrations internationales, vol. 14, n° 3, p. 215, note 16)

"Ces bandes relèvent le plus souvent du mythe. On peut vivre des années aux Pyramides ou au Canal sans voir de bandes, parce qu'il n'y a rien de structuré. Ce qui existe, ce sont de petits groupes de copains, parfois liés par des activités clandestines : rackets, petits cambriolages ou vols à l'arraché, vente de haschich pour un dealer.

Nous avons connu, à Evry et dans les communes voisines, des heurts entre groupes de jeunes, parfois violents. Mais ils découlaient toujours d'un conflit entre deux personnes ou entre deux familles, qui débouchait, par le jeu des solidarités de quartier, sur une tension forte et durable entre jeunes de deux quartiers. Le conflit entre les jeunes des Aunettes et ceux du Canal, qui a fait un mort le 8 novembre 2000, Romuald, est issu, selon les jeunes eux-mêmes, d'une histoire de poisson pas frais rapporté d'Afrique par une famille d'un quartier à une famille parente de l'autre quartier. Cette cause initiale est manifestement de l'ordre du mythe. Le vrai ressort du drame, c'est que des deux côtés l'identité la plus ancrée de ces jeunes est le quartier, qui transcende les solidarités ethniques ou culturelles affaiblies. L'autre mort récent, Synan, jeune d'origine kurde tué le 9 mars 1998 à l'Agora dans un véritable guet-apens tendu par le frère d'un camarade de classe à la suite d'une affaire de racket, a provoqué un trimestre de véritable ambiance de guerre aux Pyramides, quartier de l'assassin. Personne n'osait y sortir après 20 heures de peur de voir arriver un commando de vengeurs des Tarterêts, quartier de la victime. On a dû mobiliser chaque jour plusieurs dizaines de policiers et de Crs pour bloquer une éventuelle intrusion, avant que le calme se rétablisse, après l'intervention des imams des deux quartiers, et des élus. Ces explosions sont si brutales et inattendues qu'elles surprennent toujours. J'ai essayé d'y trouver l'occasion d'ouvrir un dialogue. La mort de Synan (17 ans) m'a mis en contact avec la communauté kurde et a permis, après plusieurs semaines de discussions tendues sur la manière de saluer la mémoire du mort, ou pour expliquer les procédures judiciaires, d'y établir des relations positives. L'association des familles kurdes est devenue une partenaire de la mairie, avec confiance de part et d'autre." (Jacques Guyard, Evry, Ville nouvelle (1960-2003) : La troisième banlieue, Evry, Espaces Sud, 2003, p. 315)

"Les communauté dans l'Essonne.
91 ESSONNE :

- GRIGNY : Communauté Congo-Zaïroise, Antillaise,
Algerienne, Malienne et Sénégalaise en majorité.

- CORBEIL-ESSONNES : Communauté Tunisienne,
Sénégalaise et Malienne en majorité.

- EVRY : Communauté Malienne, Sénégalaise et Kurde en Majorité."

Source : http://grigny-wood.skyrock.com/3060523585-Les-communaute-dans-l-Essonne.html

Voir également : Villiers-le-Bel et Evry : des Kurdes provoquent des affrontements avec la police suite à l'arrestation de certains d'entre eux

L'opération policière d'Arnouville et Evry visait l'organisation terroriste PKK

dimanche 13 avril 2014

Les gangs kurdo-libanais à Berlin

Berlin's Massive Jewelry Heist: Perfect Genes for a Robbery

By Jörg Diehl
February 18, 2009 – 06:21 PM
Investigations into the spectacular heist at Berlin's luxury department store KaDeWe have run into a problem: The suspected robbers may be identical twins. That means that the traces of DNA found at the crime scene could be useless under German law.

Germany's Federal Statistical Office is a constant source of news. And sometimes it's even good news. In early January, the bureau's "News of the Week" announced that the national number of multiple births had increased to 22,400 in 2007. Among those, 21,600 were twins. Germany's Family Minister Ursula von der Leyen must have been pleased.

But in other government departments, the subject of twins is a bit of a sore spot. The reason can be traced to Abbas and Hassan O., brothers from a large Lebanese family from Lower Saxony, who are suspects in a spectacular heist at Berlin's famous department store, Kaufhaus des Westens (KaDeWe).

The duo, together with an unidentified third man, are thought to have climbed onto the roof and into the luxury department store in the early morning hours of Jan. 25. Police investigators believe the masked men lowered themselves into the store's main hall, evading motion detectors, and broke open countless display cases. The thieves made off with watches and jewelry worth millions of euros.

So far, there has been no official confirmation that Abbas and Hassan O. are indeed identical twins. Photographs of the two, though, would appear to support the assumption. One official told SPIEGEL ONLINE: "It's impossible to tell them apart. To me, it's obvious that they are identical twins."

The Case Was Almost Closed. Almost.

Investigators identified the brothers using clearly identifiable traces of DNA from a glove found at the scene of the crime, according to police. Berlin's Office of Criminal Investigations dispatched a special team who arrested the two roughly one week ago at a gambling arcade in Lower Saxony. It looked almost as though the case had been solved after just two and a half weeks. Now, though, the remaining hurdles appear higher than first thought.

For starters, the third burglar is still on the loose and there is no trace of the loot. Then there's the fact that the DNA, which ordinarily would serve as powerful evidence, may prove worthless in obtaining convictions for the KaDeWe case.

It is impossible to distinguish between the DNA of identical twins using the kind of genetic analysis typically used in law enforcement, according to SPIEGEL ONLINE research. Furthermore, German law limits the amount of genetic analysis that can be carried out by investigators. For the "problem case from Berlin," as forensic doctors have dubbed it, it isn't nearly enough, experts say.

Under perfect laboratory conditions it would be possible to distinguish between the DNA of twins, experts say, and several research teams worldwide are working on the problem. But the method has not yet been perfected. Moreover, these methods are not admissable as evidence under current German law, according to one scientist.

"Monozygotic twins can only be identified by their fingerprints," an expert explained in the Berlin daily Der Tagesspiegel. "That's why this case is unprecedented in Berlin's criminal history." According to law, each of the three men must be individually proven guilty. This might be difficult in the case of the O. brothers -- especially since no additional evidence has been found.

Advantages of Being a Twin

The O. brothers are apparently old hands at taking advantage of being twins. Both have criminal records, having made criminal use in the past of their identical appearance. The German tabloid Bild cited an anonymous "friend" of the brothers, who claimed the two had "shared" community service hours, with "one brother showing up in place of the second." And if one of them lost his driver's license, he just used his brother's. "That was probably the case," police commented.

Der Tagesspiegel reported that the State Office of Criminal Investigation (LKA) had matched the height, weight and stature of the suspects with that of the figures captured on KaDeWe's security cameras. Presumably, they hope to secure their case independently of the DNA evidence. A spokesperson for the Berlin Public Prosecutor's office would not comment.

Failed Applications for Asylum

Exactly 20 years to the day prior to the KaDeWe heist, German officials rejected the twins' applications for asylum. According to information obtained by SPIEGEL ONLINE, the O. brothers, born in 1982, came to Germany at the age of one. After their bids for asylum were denied in 1989, each had his permission to stay regularly extended -- for 20 years. The brothers also obtained "Fremdenpässe," passports issued to foreigners, because their professed homeland of Lebanon apparently refused to give them papers.

On Feb. 5, 2009, almost two weeks after the KaDeWe break-in, Hassan O. applied for residence. His brother Abbas received an expulsion order on Feb. 2.

Hassan O., who was first held in Hanover, was transferred to a jail in Berlin's Moabit district on Tuesday, Feb. 17. His brother Abbas, who was first held in Lüneberg, was scheduled to arrive in Berlin on Wednesday.

According to local press reports, the siblings belong to a Kurdish-Lebanese gang, which has previously gained notoriety for attempted murder, as well as break-ins and knife attacks. The Berliner Zeitung also reported that their extended family includes the 19-year-old offender who ran into and killed a senior citizen with a stolen BMW at Berlin's Potsdamer Platz last October.
Source : http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/berlin-s-massive-jewelry-heist-perfect-genes-for-a-robbery-a-608448.html

Voir également : Le PKK et le trafic de drogue

samedi 12 avril 2014

Le gang "Kurdish Pride" à Nashville (Etats-Unis)

Kurdish Pride Gang members to stay behind bars
Tuesday, September 14, 2010 at 10:45pm
Staff reports

Two Kurdish Pride Gang members, who were convicted in July  2008 for plotting the murder of a rival gang member, did not get the answers they asked for from the Court of Criminal Appeals in Nashville.


Brothers Aso and Ako Nejad had appealed their convictions and 25-year sentences on conspiracy to commit first-degree murder. Ako Nejad also had an additional 12-year sentence for a conviction on attempted second-degree murder.

The brothers claimed that “evidence was insufficient to support their convictions, a mistrial should have been declared after a witness testified that one of the brothers was a gang member, newly discovered evidence discredits the state’s theory of motive and that their sentences were excessive,” among other assertions.

In a ruling filed Sept. 14, the court rejected their claims and affirmed their convictions and sentences.

The Nejad brothers were sentenced in September 2008 for their parts in an August 2006 incident at Edwin Warner Park in which gang members opened fire on a Metro parks police officer.

Several KPG members, including the Nejads who planned the retribution killing, were about to ambush Brown Pride member Darion Coleman, for a robbery during a previous drug deal, when Officer James Spray happened upon the scene.

The officer approached a parked car that was being used for bait. The car sped away and as Spray pursued it, his patrol car was shot several times. It was later determined that Ako Nejad, one of the men lying in wait behind trees in the park, had shot the car, coming within inches of hitting Spray’s head.
Source : http://nashvillecitypaper.com/content/city-news/kurdish-pride-gang-members-stay-behind-bars

Street gang emerges from Kurdish community in Nashville
By Theo Emery
Published: Sunday, July 15, 2007

NASHVILLE, Tennessee — Miles from downtown, the southern neighborhoods of Nashville are home to a thriving enclave of Kurdish immigrants.

Just off a wide commercial strip called Nolensville Pike, women in head scarves shop at the Judy International Market. Lunch traffic is brisk at al-Rasoul Restaurant, and on the door of a local mosque, a flier announces Kurdish soccer league sign-ups.

Bound by a common language and ethnicity, Kurds here tend to shun attention. But a growing problem has turned an unwanted spotlight on them: a group called the Kurdish Pride Gang, thought to be the only Kurdish street gang in the United States.


After a series of high-profile crimes, a teenage suspect's suicide and four arrests connected to the attempted murder of a police officer, Kurdish Pride has become a source of deep shame and frustration among Kurds as they find that their youth are as vulnerable to gang culture as are those of other populations.

Kirmanj Gundi, an associate professor of educational administration at Tennessee State University who came to Nashville in 1977, said the gang's activities have upended decades of hard work.

"We did everything to build a good reputation here in Nashville and elsewhere, and tried to be good Americans," said Gundi, 46, who is Kurdish. "And all of a sudden, a few irresponsible hoodlums have tried to tarnish the reputations we've been working so hard over the years to create. That's sad."

Kurds are an ethnic group spread across parts of Iraq, Turkey, Syria and Iran, in a region collectively called Kurdistan. The Kurdish community in Nashville grew up around those who fled Iraq in the 1970s after the collapse of an autonomy movement; Kurds from elsewhere followed.

Now numbering about 8,000, the Kurdish community is well established here. Public access television carries a show, "Who Are the Kurds?" Community members boast of their college students and business owners. A popular bar in the city's Rock Block of nightclubs is Kurdish-owned.

But some see the success of their diligence losing ground because of the gang, which is estimated to have 20 to 30 members ranging in age from their teens to mid-20s.

Police officials say that Kurdish Pride members have grown increasingly vicious and brazen. Mark Anderson, a Nashville police detective who works in a gang unit, said investigators believe the gang has committed about 10 home burglaries since January, including two involving rapes.

In a case involving the rape of a pregnant victim, a 17-year-old suspect, Zana Noroly, hanged himself in his jail cell in April.

Messages in his memory are ubiquitous on the Web pages of Kurdish youth.

There was an assault in which a student was dragged from a high school classroom and beaten, and another during the school graduation that left the victim hospitalized. Kurdish Pride members have been accused of shooting at a rival gang, wounding three, and also beating a man to death in January at a motel, Anderson said.

Earlier this month, a grand jury indicted four members of the gang for conspiracy to commit first-degree murder in a case in which a gang leader, Ako Nejad, is accused of shooting at a park police officer who interrupted a drug deal last year. The members have adopted older gangs' symbols, adorning their MySpace pages with photos of the rapper Tupac Shakur and slogans like "Live and Die 4 Kurdish Pride." They sport tattoos and gang colors and flash hand signals.

The gang's origins are murky, but many people believe it probably formed to present Kurdish bravado to the mix of Latino, Asian and black gangs in Nashville.

"I think they're really confused," said Rebaz Qaradaghi, a 22-year-old regional director of the national Kurdish American Youth Organization, who lives here. "They really think that they're helping, but they're actually messing it up bad."

Anderson said the police view Kurdish Pride as being as serious a problem as older, more-established gangs, but there is a difference: "Kurdish Pride are not the kind of kids that normally join gangs.

"For the most part, they come from two-parent homes, they come from middle-class families with a strong work ethic, where education is important," he said.
Source : http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/15/world/americas/15iht-kurd.1.6660650.html?_r=0

The Rise and Fall of Kurdish Gangs in Nashville
Taking a cue from the Los Angeles Police Department, Nashville police are suing gang members into oblivion

Last year, the Metropolitan Nashville Police Department decided it was going to find a way, once and for all, to dismantle a violent street gang that had wreaked havoc around several neighborhoods for over a decade.

Tweet at us: How do you feel about gangs?

The gang, the only ethnically Kurdish street gang in the country, was a small but intimidating group of immigrants and first-generation Americans hailing mostly from northern Iraq and southern Turkey. The Kurdish Pride Gang took its cues from the American street gang playbook: They dealt drugs, burglarized homes and flashed gang signs; they intimidated citizens and made city parks and school playgrounds unsafe. They were involved with illegal guns, assault and, eventually, attempted murder.
So law enforcement and city officials came up with a plan to rid south Nashville of the Kurdish Pride Gang: They went to court with a list of the names of alleged members and sued them.

It was the first time Nashville, which has struggled with gang violence from more notorious syndicates, like the Crips and Bloods, sought an injunction targeting gang members, effectively prohibiting them from meeting or socializing together in public.

So far, it has worked, and the Kurdish gang is in tatters.

Nashville borrowed the tactic from California, where law enforcement has long used injunctions to fight gangs in San Diego, San Francisco, Oakland and Los Angeles, the gang capital of the country. Other cities are also trying it now, including Charlotte, North Carolina, Orlando, Florida, and Columbia, South Carolina, and across the pond in London.

A gang injunction is a civil suit filed by law enforcement asking for a set of prohibitions on an entire gang or specific members. The injunctions can target private homeowners and businesses with criminal prosecution should a crime take place on their property—even if they weren’t there at the time. The injunctions can also designate large swaths of a city or neighborhood, including parks and playgrounds, off limits to certain individuals. In some cases, they can bar an individual from having a cell phone.

They can also lead to the arrest of a person for doing a mundane task, like picking up groceries, which is what has raised the ire of human rights groups. Such was the case with Manny Ortega, an alleged gang member in East Los Angeles who stopped by a local market for groceries in March and ran into another alleged gang member. The pair were arrested while talking outside the store. Ortega said he lost his job at a local car repair shop because he missed two days of work while in jail. Others arrested under the injunction say they or their family have lost Section 8 housing over an injunction violation, according to the advocacy group Youth4Justice.org.

In Nashville, membership in the Kurdish Pride Gang has dropped from a couple hundred people in its heyday to single digits today, with several former leaders now in jail. That includes two brothers, Ako and Aso Nejad, who are serving long prison sentences for the attempted murder of a police officer.

The Kurdish Pride Gang, or KPG, formed around 2000 and grew out of the same need for a shared sense of identity that fueled the rise of other ethnic gangs, like the notorious Mara Salvatrucha, or MS-13, the violent Salvadoran gang that got its start in Los Angeles.


Members were “jumped in” (beaten up) to prove their mettle before joining, and then gained status “based upon their age, seniority of membership and the types of crimes they have committed,” Nashville police said.


They have gang hand signals, handshakes and a gang color, yellow. Members don’t generally have tattoos for religious reasons (Islam forbids it) but some have inked their arms or shoulders with “KP for Life” or “thug life” or a Kurdish flag. Members have been known to carry yellow bandanas, wear yellow belts or yellow baseball caps.

But gangs that hail from war-torn places, like Kurdistan (which back in the mid-1990s was beset by civil war and under relentless attack by former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein) present a unique problem.

“These kids were raised in a culture in which war is the norm. Some of them lived it first hand,” says Dr. Carter F. Smith, a gang expert and an assistant professor of Criminal Justice/Homeland Security at Austin Peay State University. ”So there’s this propensity to dismiss authority. They can be desensitized to violence that occurs in war and can occur on the streets.”

For years, authorities in Nashville fought the KPG the same way as other gangs, like the Bloods or MS-13. Members were arrested for low-level crimes, like smoking weed or loitering. Much of the nefarious activity was happening on street corners and in one specific park, Paragon Mills Park, where members could convene, plan and commit crimes, police said. So taking a cue from Los Angeles, law enforcement began the process of making those areas off-limits to key gang members.

The injunction targeted the entire gang and 24 individual members, making a nearly 1.5-mile section of the city off-limits. With no place to meet, hang out or conduct business, the gang has become a “dead issue,” according to police and a local activist.

But as with “stop and frisk” in New York, the police tactic that was a big topic of conversation in the recent mayoral election, the injunctions have plenty of detractors. Rights groups, including the American Civil Liberties Union, say they violate the First Amendment right of freedom of association and due process rights under the Fifth and 14th Amendments.

“It’s common practice in gang injunction cases for prosecutors to name only a gang as a defendant, obtain an injunction by default when no one shows up on behalf of the gang to contest the case and then to apply the injunction to anyone police or prosecutors think may be a gang member, without court approval or a chance for the supposed gang member to be heard,” said ACLU of Southern California Senior Staff Attorney Peter Bibring after a milestone federal appeals court ruling found that injunctions can violate due process.

The tactic has failed to catch on in some other big cities, like Chicago and New York City. New York authorities in 2000 brought an injunction on prostitutes and gang members in an area of Queens, but the State Supreme Court knocked down the ban, saying it improperly restricted the gang members’ civil liberties.

Los Angeles currently has 44 permanent injunctions, some of them encompassing entire neighborhoods. In certain areas, the injunctions remain in place even though gang crime has largely diminished.

That’s the case in Echo Park, just west of downtown L.A. Residents and rights groups are headed to court to try to overturn the neighborhood’s injunction, saying it has been ineffective and unfairly executed. Opponents have also staged protests, including a memorable flash mob last month that took to the streets in zombie makeup.
Source : http://www.vocativ.com/underworld/crime/rise-fall-kurdish-gangs-nashville/

Top News
Tennessee Bill to Ban Gang Members from Public Spaces


April 08, 2014  |

Senators are slated to act this week on a bill that provides statutory guidance for courts using Tennessee’s public nuisance law to keep criminal gang members out of public areas like parks and neighborhoods, reports the Chattanooga Times Free Press.

The Community Safety Act builds on a 2009 change in the public nuisance law that brought criminal gangs and their members under its provisions.

Acting on requests by Nashville and Memphis officials, judges last year issued injunctions barring Kurdish Pride Gang members from gathering in a Nashville park and prevented the Riverside Rollin’ 90s Neighborhood Crips from congregating in a South Memphis neighborhood.

State Safety Commissioner Bill Gibbons said the goal of the Haslam administration bill is to encourage wider use of nuisance laws against criminal gangs by codifying the approach.
Source : http://www.policemag.com/channel/gangs/news/2014/04/08/tennessee-bill-amends-law-to-ban-gang-members-from-public-spaces.aspx

Voir également : USA : des dirigeants de l'organisation terroriste PKK sanctionnés pour trafic de drogue